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HER Number:MDV28620
Name:Enclosure to west of Blackhorse

Summary

Prehistoric single ditched rectangular enclosure to the west of Blackhorse identified as a cropmark in 1984.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 977 933
Map Sheet:SX99SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishSowton
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSOWTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 1048097
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX99SE/112

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Iron Age - 700 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

Griffith, F. M., 1984, DAP/AG, 2-3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV338774.

West of Blackhorse. Single ditched rectangular enclosure circa 50 metres square. Recorded as a cropmark in 1984. Linear features adjacent, one intersecting.

Robinson, R., 1987 - 2000, Devon Post-Reconnaissance Fieldwork Project (Un-published). SDV342165.

Site lies on very gentle southern slope. Nothing visible. Other details: Photograph N7.

Weddell, P. J., 1989, A Preliminary Archaeological Assessment of the Preferred Route of the A30 Trunk Road Honiton-Exeter Improvement, 3 (Report - Assessment). SDV336546.

Weddell, P. J., 1991, Archaeological Assessment of the Published Route (preliminary) of the A30 Honiton-Exeter Improvement, 4 (Report - Assessment). SDV337589.

Reed, S. J. + Manning, P. T., 1994 - 1995, A30 Honiton to Exeter Improvement: Archaeological Evaluation Excavations: Parts 1-5 (Report - Evaluation). SDV338825.

Oxford Archaeotechnics Ltd, 1995, A30 Honiton to Exeter Improvement Archaeological Assessment: Topsoil Magnetic Susceptibility Survey and Magnetometer (Gradiometer) Survey (Report - Geophysical Survey). SDV356427.

Horner, W. + Griffith, F., 1995, Untitled Source (Photograph). SDV338823.

Site visited when Exeter Museum Archaeological Field Unit evaluation excavations were in progress. Other details: Slides.

Horner, B., 1997, DAP/ABI, 0-9 (Aerial Photograph). SDV338796.

1997, Untitled Source (Photograph). SDV338824.

1997, Untitled Source, 1 (Article in Serial). SDV338800.

Quinnell, H., 1998, Later Prehistoric Pottery Survey (Report - Survey). SDV336212.

Circa 40 sherds of middle/late Iron Age pot recovered during evaluation. Now with Exeter Archaeology - final location Royal Albert Memorial Museum in Exeter. Other details: DBID:2211.

Unknown, 1998, Untitled Source (Article in Serial). SDV100635.

Morton, R., 1999, Clyst Honiton to Broadclyst pipeline: archaeological desk based assessment (Report - Assessment). SDV118377.

Fitzpatrick, A. P. + Butterworth, C. A. + Grove, J., 1999, Prehistoric & Roman Sites in East Devon: The A30 Honiton-Exeter Improvement (Report - Excavation). SDV100627.

Blackhorse excavation in 1997 prior to A30 improvement scheme revealed an Iron Age enclosed settlement consisting of a simple 50 metre square enclosure with a single large round house, circa 17.5 metre diameter, slightly off centre and 3 four post-built structures either side of the entrance. The enclosure entrance is almost due east with the round house entrance not quite aligned and facing southeast. Radiocarbon dates of 370 cal. BC-cal. AD90 were obtained. Finds from the site were principally pottery sherds with a few querns, rubbers and an unfinished stone spindle whorl. This enclosed group was the latest phase of activity at this site.

RSK Environment Ltd., 1999, Transco Broadclyst LDZ pipeline, Exeter: Environmental review, 11 (Report - non-specific). SDV325506.

Exeter Archaeology, 2005, Archaeological Assessment of Land at Redhayes, Sowton, Exeter, 5 (Report - Assessment). SDV338701.

Square ditched enclosure to the west of Balckhorse. Excavation revealed an early to middle Iron Age round house dating to 770-370BC with associated activity ranging from 390BC to AD90. Other details: Site 25.

Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

Cropmarks which have formed over infilled ditches of a prehistoric enclosure are visible on specialist oblique aerial photographs of 1984, at Blackhorse. The rectilinear enclosure was excavated prior to the A30 improvement Scheme, although was nonetheless transcribed as part of this survey. A north to south aligned linear cropmark ditch was also recorded to the east of the enclosure.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV100627Report - Excavation: Fitzpatrick, A. P. + Butterworth, C. A. + Grove, J.. 1999. Prehistoric & Roman Sites in East Devon: The A30 Honiton-Exeter Improvement. Wessex Archaeology Report. 16. A4 Bound.
SDV100635Article in Serial: Unknown. 1998. Devon Archaeological Society Newsletter. 71. A4 Stapled.
SDV118377Report - Assessment: Morton, R.. 1999. Clyst Honiton to Broadclyst pipeline: archaeological desk based assessment. Cotswold Archeological Trust Report. 991056. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV325506Report - non-specific: RSK Environment Ltd.. 1999. Transco Broadclyst LDZ pipeline, Exeter: Environmental review. RSK Environmental Report. A4 Spiral Bound + Digital. 11.
SDV336212Report - Survey: Quinnell, H.. 1998. Later Prehistoric Pottery Survey. Later Prehistoric Pottery Survey. A4 Spiral Bound.
SDV336546Report - Assessment: Weddell, P. J.. 1989. A Preliminary Archaeological Assessment of the Preferred Route of the A30 Trunk Road Honiton-Exeter Improvement. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 89.19. A4 Stapled + Digital. 3.
SDV337589Report - Assessment: Weddell, P. J.. 1991. Archaeological Assessment of the Published Route (preliminary) of the A30 Honiton-Exeter Improvement. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 91.22. A4 Stapled + Digital. 4.
SDV338701Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 2005. Archaeological Assessment of Land at Redhayes, Sowton, Exeter. Exeter Archaeology Report. 05.02. A4 Stapled + Digital. 5.
SDV338774Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. DAP/AG. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2-3. [Mapped feature: #86138 ]
SDV338796Aerial Photograph: Horner, B.. 1997. DAP/ABI. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 0-9.
SDV338800Article in Serial: 1997. Devon Archaeological Society Newsletter. 68. A4 Stapled. 1.
SDV338823Photograph: Horner, W. + Griffith, F.. 1995. Slide.
SDV338824Photograph: 1997. Slide.
SDV338825Report - Evaluation: Reed, S. J. + Manning, P. T.. 1994 - 1995. A30 Honiton to Exeter Improvement: Archaeological Evaluation Excavations: Parts 1-5. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 94.101-94.104 & 95.04. A4 stapled + Digital.
SDV342165Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1987 - 2000. Devon Post-Reconnaissance Fieldwork Project. Devon Post-Reconnaissance Fieldwork Project. A4 Unbound.
SDV356427Report - Geophysical Survey: Oxford Archaeotechnics Ltd. 1995. A30 Honiton to Exeter Improvement Archaeological Assessment: Topsoil Magnetic Susceptibility Survey and Magnetometer (Gradiometer) Survey. Oxford Archaeotechnics Ltd Report. A3 Comb Bound + Digital.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1

Associated Monuments

MDV62694Parent of: Hut Circle west of Blackhorse (Monument)
MDV62693Part of: Prehistoric Settlement west of Blackhorse (Monument)
MDV28619Related to: Enclosures to the west of Blackhorse (Monument)
MDV60912Related to: Flint from west of Blackhorse (Find Spot)

Associated Finds

  • FDV1002 - POLISHER (Iron Age - 700 BC to 42 AD)
  • FDV1004 - POT (Iron Age - 700 BC to 42 AD)
  • FDV1001 - QUERN (Iron Age - 700 BC to 42 AD)
  • FDV1003 - SPINDLE WHORL (Iron Age - 700 BC to 42 AD)

Associated Events

  • EDV4246 - Land at Redhayes, Sowton, Exeter
  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)
  • EDV4887 - Assessment Two Areas of Highway to the East of Exeter
  • EDV6447 - Geophysical Survey for A30 Honiton to Exeter Improvement Scheme (Ref: 0480694/EXD/EXM)

Date Last Edited:Mar 13 2020 7:58AM