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HER Number:MDV28648
Name:Rectilinear Enclosure South-West of Markham's Farm


A dark rectilinear cropmark visible on aerial photographs taken between 1984 and 1995 is interpreted as a later prehistoric or Roman single ditched enclosure.


Grid Reference:SX 908 893
Map Sheet:SX98NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishShillingford St. George
Ecclesiastical ParishEXMINSTER

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Two prehistoric sub-rectangular, single ditched enclosures south east of Markhams Farm

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 1046344
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX98NW/97

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Early Bronze Age to Roman - 2200 BC to 409 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1984, DAP 8476, DAP 8476/9 23-JUN-1984 (S) (Aerial Photograph). SDV358597.

A dark rectilinear cropmark is visible. Map object partly based on this source.

Griffith, F. M., 1984, Untitled Source, 9 (Aerial Photograph). SDV286380.

Shillingford Abbot, south of Markham Lane. Subrectangular single ditched enclosure c50m x 30m. Recorded as crop mark by F. Griffith June 1984.

Robinson, R., 1987 - 2000, Devon Post-Reconnaissance Fieldwork Project (Un-published). SDV342165.

Even gentle S slope. Nothing visible. Other details: Photos I 32-34.

Griffith, F. M., 1989, DAP/LV, 12 (Aerial Photograph). SDV286382.

Part of a second enclosure immediately S.

Griffith, F. M., 1995, DAP/XV, 3, 4 (Aerial Photograph). SDV321569.

Griffith, F. M., 1995, DAP/XV, DCC DAP/XV 3-4 04-JUL-1995 (Aerial Photograph). SDV321569.

A dark rectilinear cropmark is visible. Map object partly based on this source.

Young, A., 2005, Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV321539.

Parts of two subrectangular enclosures visible on aerial photo.

Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

A dark rectilinear cropmark is visible on specialist oblique aerial photographs taken in the summer months between 1984 and 1995. It measures approximately 31 x 33 metres, with a maximum visible ditch width of 2 metres. Parts of this single ditched enclosure are indistinct, and a gap in the south-west corner might be a result of poor cropmark definition rather than indicating an entrance. The size and form of the enclosure is consistent with a later prehistoric or Roman origin.
A possible second enclosure to the south recorded in 1989 has been assigned a separate monument record, MDV112602.
Many of the aerial photographs consulted by the survey are copies of DAPs held by the Historic England Archive. In some cases these have been recorded as separate sources. This is because variations in the way the prints have been processed could result in images on which archaeological features are visible to a greater or lesser degree.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV286380Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. Devon Aerial Photograph. 9.
SDV286382Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1989. DAP/LV. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 12.
SDV321539Aerial Photograph: Young, A.. 2005. Printout + Digital.
SDV321569Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1995. DAP/XV. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3, 4.
SDV342165Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1987 - 2000. Devon Post-Reconnaissance Fieldwork Project. Devon Post-Reconnaissance Fieldwork Project. A4 Unbound.
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV358597Aerial Photograph: Devon County Council. 1984. DAP 8476. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). DAP 8476/9 23-JUN-1984 (S).

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV1403 - Devon Post-Reconnaissance Fieldwork Project
  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Jul 16 2021 10:01AM