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HER Number:MDV28649
Name:Rectilinear Double-Ditched Enclosure South of Exminster


A rectilinear double-ditched enclosure south of Exminster is visible as cropmarks on aerial photograph taken between 1984 and 1995. It is likely to be later prehistoric or Roman in date.


Grid Reference:SX 943 868
Map Sheet:SX98NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishExminster
Ecclesiastical ParishUNKNOWN

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Prehistoric rectangular, ditched enclosure and rectangular, single ditched enclosure north west of Exminster Golf Driving Range

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 1046636
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX98NW/96

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • DOUBLE DITCHED ENCLOSURE (Early Bronze Age to Roman - 2200 BC to 409 AD (Between))
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Early Bronze Age to Roman - 2200 BC to 409 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1984, DAP 8467, DAP 8467/5 23-JUN-1984 (T) (Aerial Photograph). SDV355382.

Dark rectilinear cropmarks are visible.

Griffith, F. M., 1984, DAP/Q 5,6,7, DAP Q 5,6,7 (Aerial Photograph). SDV286411.

South of Exminster village. Rectangular ditched enclosure with possible entrance in S side c60m x 60m. Ditch single with double section E of entrance. Recorded as crop mark by F. Griffith in june 1984.

Griffith, F. M., 1984, DAP/T 5, DAP T 5 (Aerial Photograph). SDV286413.

Robinson, R., 1987 - 2000, Devon Post-Reconnaissance Fieldwork Project (Un-published). SDV342165.

Enclosure occupies W side of minor N/S hollow. Nothing visible on ground. Other details: Plan & photo L 35.

Devon County Council, 1990, DAP 6873, DAP 6873/8 04-JUN-1990 (RI) (Aerial Photograph). SDV357618.

A dark rectilinear cropmark is visible.

Griffith, F. M., 1995, DAP/XU, DCC DAP/XU 5 04-JUL-1995 (Aerial Photograph). SDV319230.

A dark rectilinear cropmark is visible.

Exeter Archaeology, 2004, Archaeological Assessment of Land adjacent to The Manor, Exminster, 6 (Report - Assessment). SDV81579.

Enclosure to the west of Exminster Hill of potentially prehistoric origin

Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R., 2014-2015, East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV356883.

Dark rectilinear cropmarks, visible on aerial photographs taken between 1984 and 1995, are likely to have formed over infilled enclosure ditches. Their form suggests a double-ditched enclosure of later prehistoric or Roman date. The inner enclosure measures circa 46 by 66 metres with a broad ditch of up to 3.5 metres. The probable outer enclosure is narrower at just over 1 metre wide, and only the north and south sides are clearly visible, parallel to and circa 5 metres form the inner enclosure. The eastern side is not clearly visible, but a dark linear cropmark could denote its location. The enclosure was overlain by a curvilinear field boundary of medieval character; this was removed between 1984 and 1990, but the ditch circuit obviously survived below this boundary since it is visible as a continuous dark cropmark on aerial photographs taken in 1990 and 1995 after this boundary had been removed.
Many of the aerial photographs consulted are copies of DAPs held by the Historic England Archive. These have been recorded here as additional separate sources because there is a possibility that the prints may have been processed differently. This would potentially result in images on which archaeological features show slightly differently.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV286411Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. DAP/Q 5,6,7. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). DAP Q 5,6,7.
SDV286413Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. DAP/T 5. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). DAP T 5.
SDV319230Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1995. DAP/XU. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). DCC DAP/XU 5 04-JUL-1995.
SDV342165Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1987 - 2000. Devon Post-Reconnaissance Fieldwork Project. Devon Post-Reconnaissance Fieldwork Project. A4 Unbound.
SDV355382Aerial Photograph: Devon County Council. 1984. DAP 8467. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). DAP 8467/5 23-JUN-1984 (T). [Mapped feature: #86163 ]
SDV356883Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S. + Sims, R.. 2014-2015. East and Mid Devon River Catchments National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV357618Aerial Photograph: Devon County Council. 1990. DAP 6873. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). DAP 6873/8 04-JUN-1990 (RI).
SDV81579Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 2004. Archaeological Assessment of Land adjacent to The Manor, Exminster. Exeter Archaeology Report. 04.37. A4 Stapled + Digital. 6.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6530 - The East and Mid-Devon Rivers Catchment NMP project (Ref: ACD613)

Date Last Edited:Dec 2 2015 12:55PM