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HER Number:MDV2886
Name:Long cairn east of Butterdon Hill, Ugborough

Summary

Long cairn on east slopes of Butterdon Hill, 165 metres west of Lud Brook. The feature consists of a long, stony mound with a broadly trapezoidal shape measuring approximately 23 metres long and approximately 1.0 metre high with its axis aligned north-south. At its northern end it is around 13 metres wide and tapers to around 5.0 metres in the south.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 660 585
Map Sheet:SX65NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishUgborough
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishUGBOROUGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX65NE4
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX65NE/2
  • Old SAM County Ref: 308
  • Old SAM Ref: 10547

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LONG BARROW (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Tumulus' shown as an oval feature on 19th century map.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 1140-1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Fox, A., 1973, South West England 3,500BC - AD600 (Revised Edition), 70 (revised ed) (Monograph). SDV16216.

Fletcher, M. + Grinsell, L. V. + Quinnell, N. V., 1974, A Long Cairn on Butterdon Hill, Ugborough, 163-4, Figure 1 (Article in Serial). SDV148316.

Long cairn on eastern slopes of Butterdon Hill, 165 metres west of Lud Brook. Orientated almost north to south, the largest end being to the north. Unusually large stones; cairn oval, in shape. Mound is mutilated. Line of standing stones extending along the east side of the long cairn suggests the remains of a gallery grave. Compared with Cuckoo Ball and Corringdon Ball Gate cairns and Meacombe burial chamber. Small mound 6 metres south of cairn.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 133 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Site visited on 24th June 1973. Long cairn placed south to north with the broader end at north. Diameter 23 metres by 12.5 metres, length 1 metre. Siting on false crest or hill slope.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1978, SX65NE4, SX65NE4 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV148139.

An oval-shaped mound composed of turf and stones being broader at the northern end. It measures 23 metres north to south and 12.5 metres east to west, height approximately 1 metre. In very dilapidated condition.
On the east slope of Butterdon Hill a cairn which presents all the characteristics of a long cairn, except that it is orientated almost north-south, the larger end being to the north. The mound, which is mutilated, has a maximum height of 0.9 metres near the north end and 0.7 metres near the south. The line of standing stones extending along the east side of the long axis, varying in height from 0.3 metres (south) to 0.6 metres (north) suggests the remains of a gallery grave.
The mound is situated on a slight south-east slope is 25 metres long, orientated north-south, is 16.0 metres wide and 0.9 metre high at the north end and 10.0 metres wide and 0.7 metre high at the south end. There are no visible side ditches. The construction is of earth and smallstones but extensive pillaging and/or excavation has exposed a number of large upright and some displaced stones. The mound is certainly a long barrow.

Robinson, R., 1984, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984 (Un-published). SDV343082.

Site visited on 12th June 1984.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Large cairn not very clear on 1946 aerial photograph.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 36-7, Map 53 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Neolithic long cairn on Butterdon Hill is well preserved retaining a tapering shape only slightly distorted by displaced stones and probably not much lower than its original height of 0.9 metres. Diameter 25 metres. Damage is mainly confined to the pitted upper surface particularlt at the higher end. No chamber has been exposed but a line of slabs within the body of the mound has led to the suggestion that the tomb is a gallery grave. Five metres from and in line with the lower end is a conventional round cairn of 4 metres diameter which has also been dug into.

Bray, L., 2017, Stony mound 480 metres east of summit of Butterdon Hill (Worksheet). SDV363033.

Visited 21/08/2017. SX 66012 58594 The feature consists of a long, stony mound with a broadly trapezoidal shape measuring approximately 23 metres long and approximately 1.0 metre high with its axis aligned north-south. At its northern end it is around 13 metres wide and tapers to around 5.0 metres in the south. Four photographs taken.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, UG21 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

(05/09/2019) Condition assessed as moderate; main damage agent is bracken.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs (Photograph). SDV363073.

Images taken during September 2019 visit.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

'Long Barrow' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2020, National Heritage List for England, 1012247 (National Heritage List for England). SDV363414.

This long cairn is one of a very few known on Dartmoor, it lies to the east of Butterdon Hill near the head of Lud Brook and is orientated north/south. The body of the cairn is oval, with maximum dimensions of 23 metres in length and 11 metres in width and about 0.9 metres in height. Large stones along its east side suggest that it was a gallery grave, with a passage leading to the burial chamber.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV148139Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1978. SX65NE4. OSAD Card SX65NE4. Card Index. SX65NE4.
SDV148316Article in Serial: Fletcher, M. + Grinsell, L. V. + Quinnell, N. V.. 1974. A Long Cairn on Butterdon Hill, Ugborough. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 32. 163-4, Figure 1.
SDV16216Monograph: Fox, A.. 1973. South West England 3,500BC - AD600 (Revised Edition). South West England. Hardback Volume. 70 (revised ed).
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1140-1.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 133.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 36-7, Map 53.
SDV343082Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1984. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UG21.
SDV363033Worksheet: Bray, L.. 2017. Stony mound 480 metres east of summit of Butterdon Hill. Worksheet. Digital. [Mapped feature: #117961 ]
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV363414National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2020. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1012247.

Associated Monuments

MDV2885Related to: Cuckoo Ball prehistoric chambered cairn, Ugborough (Monument)
MDV25034Related to: Pathway on the eastern side of Uborough Moor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Feb 20 2021 1:16PM