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HER Number:MDV2895
Name:Large cairn on Butterdon Hill, Ugborough

Summary

This cairn, north of the summit of Butterdon Hill, consists of a mound of stones built upon a stone, earth and turf base, possibly with a berm and ditch. It is 28 metres in diameter and approximately 3 metres high and is the largest of a series of similar large cairns along the ridge between Butterdon Hill and Weatherdon Hill.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 655 587
Map Sheet:SX65NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishUgborough
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishUGBOROUGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 65 NE 26
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX65NE/11
  • Old SAM County Ref: 301A
  • Old SAM Ref: 10602
  • Pastscape: 441173

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Tumulus' marked on the early 20th century (1906) historic map, with 'Heap of stones' shown to the south-east.

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 394 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Worth, R. H., 1937, 56th Report of the Barrow Committee, 100 (Article in Serial). SDV20973.

One of several cairns on summit of Butterdon Hill; this one lies to the north-east (to south-south-west of the stone circle at the end of stone row?) on ground sloping from south to north. Condition fair, the stones are uncovered but are much disturbed around the perimeter. Has an apparent berm, but this is not thought to be an original feature. Despite having been holed, this cairn is so big that the primary burial is not likely to have been reached. Measures 23.2m in diameter, 3.3m high.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 1140-1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX65NE26 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV150074.

(24/03/1950) A large cairn measuring 27.0m in diameter, 3.3m high. The barrow has an apparent berm, but is not thought to be original. Fair condition.

Worth, R. H., 1967, Worth's Dartmoor, 190 (Monograph). SDV337618.

National Monument Record, 1976, SX6558, 2/240-244 (Aerial Photograph). SDV166651.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 92, 141, Harford 17 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(23/06/1973) SX 6559 5875 Apparently a bell barrow with berm raised approximately 1m high. No ditch. Diameter 28m, height 3.0m.
Grinsell states that the possibility that the berm might have been raised by 18/19th century landscaping seems exceedingly remote in such a situation.

Hemery, E., 1983, High Dartmoor, 254 (Monograph). SDV249702.

Triple crown of Bronze Age cairns on Butterdon Hill (see also SX 65 NE 27,28) obviously important burial sites.

Robinson, R., 1984, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984 (Un-published). SDV343082.

Visited 12/06/1984.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Large cairn is visible on the National Monuments Record 1976 and Royal Air Force 1946 aerial photographs.

Historic England, 2019, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV362730.

This cairn, north of the summit of Butterdon Hill, consists of a mound of stones built upon a stone, earth and turf base, possibly with a berm and ditch. It is 28 metres in diameter and approximately 3 metres high and is the largest of a series of similar large cairns along the ridge between Butterdon Hill and Weatherdon Hill.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV150074Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX65NE26. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV166651Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1976. SX6558. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2/240-244.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1140-1.
SDV20973Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1937. 56th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A4 Unbound. 100.
SDV249702Monograph: Hemery, E.. 1983. High Dartmoor. High Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 254.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 92, 141, Harford 17.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 394.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337618Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1967. Worth's Dartmoor. Worth's Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 190.
SDV343082Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1984. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV362730National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2019. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV2988Related to: Butterdon Hill stone row (Monument)
MDV127203Related to: Pool on Butterdon Hill (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jan 13 2020 9:54AM