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HER Number:MDV2895
Name:Large cairn '5' (Butler) on Butterdon Hill, Ugborough

Summary

'Cairn 5' (Butler) north of the summit of Butterdon Hill, consists of a mound of stones of 28 metres in diameter and approximately 3 metres high and is the largest of a series of similar large cairns along the ridge between Butterdon Hill and Weatherdon Hill.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 655 587
Map Sheet:SX65NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishUgborough
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishUGBOROUGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 65 NE 26
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX65NE/11
  • Old SAM County Ref: 301A
  • Old SAM Ref: 10602
  • Pastscape: 441173

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Tumulus' marked on the early 20th century (1906) historic map, with 'Heap of stones' shown to the south-east.

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 394 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Worth, R. H., 1937, 56th Report of the Barrow Committee, 100 (Article in Serial). SDV20973.

One of several cairns on summit of Butterdon Hill; this one lies to the north-east (to south-south-west of the stone circle at the end of stone row?) on ground sloping from south to north. Condition fair, the stones are uncovered but are much disturbed around the perimeter. Has an apparent berm, but this is not thought to be an original feature. Despite having been holed, this cairn is so big that the primary burial is not likely to have been reached. Measures 23.2m in diameter, 3.3m high.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 1140-1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX65NE26, SX65NE26 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV150074.

(24/03/1950) A large cairn measuring 27.0 metres in diameter, 3.3 metres high. The barrow has an apparent berm, but is not thought to be original. Fair condition.

Worth, R. H., 1967, Worth's Dartmoor, 190 (Monograph). SDV337618.

National Monument Record, 1976, SX6558, 2/240-244 (Aerial Photograph). SDV166651.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 92, 141, Harford 17 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(23/06/1973) SX 6559 5875 Apparently a bell barrow with berm raised approximately 1 metre high. No ditch. Diameter 28 metres, height 3.0 metres. Grinsell states that the possibility that the berm might have been raised by 18/19th century landscaping seems exceedingly remote in such a situation.

Hemery, E., 1983, High Dartmoor, 254 (Monograph). SDV249702.

Triple crown of Bronze Age cairns on Butterdon Hill (see also SX 65 NE 27,28) obviously important burial sites.

Robinson, R., 1984, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984 (Un-published). SDV343082.

Visited 12/06/1984.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Large cairn is visible on the National Monuments Record 1976 and Royal Air Force 1946 aerial photographs.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 24,27, Map 53, Figure 53.7 (Monograph). SDV337765.

'Cairn 5' of 30 metres diameter by 4 metres high dwarfs the terminal cairn of the stone row with which it shares the summit. This enormous mound has kept its shape well despite its pitted top, even preserving several courses of the original facing on its south side.

Historic England, 2019, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV362730.

This cairn, north of the summit of Butterdon Hill, consists of a mound of stones built upon a stone, earth and turf base, possibly with a berm and ditch. It is 28 metres in diameter and approximately 3 metres high and is the largest of a series of similar large cairns along the ridge between Butterdon Hill and Weatherdon Hill.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

'Cairn' shown on modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV150074Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX65NE26. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. SX65NE26.
SDV166651Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1976. SX6558. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2/240-244.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1140-1.
SDV20973Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1937. 56th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A4 Unbound. 100.
SDV249702Monograph: Hemery, E.. 1983. High Dartmoor. High Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 254.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 92, 141, Harford 17.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 394.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337618Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1967. Worth's Dartmoor. Worth's Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 190.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 24,27, Map 53, Figure 53.7.
SDV343082Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1984. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV362730National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2019. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #86287 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV2988Related to: Butterdon Hill stone row (Monument)
MDV2897Related to: Cairn '1' (Butler) on Butterdon Hill at southern end of stone row, Ugborough (Monument)
MDV2896Related to: Cairn '10' (Butler) on Butterdon Hill, Ugborough (Monument)
MDV3134Related to: Cairn '12' (Butler) north-west of Butterdon Hill, Harford (Monument)
MDV3135Related to: Cairn '18' (Butler) on Weatherdon Hill, Harford (Monument)
MDV3136Related to: Cairn '19' (Butler) on Weatherdon Hill, Harford (Monument)
MDV13165Related to: Cairn '20' (Butler) near the summit of Weatherdon Hill, Harford (Monument)
MDV2915Related to: Large Cairn '6' (Butler) on Butterdon Hill, Ugborough (Monument)
MDV127203Related to: Pool on Butterdon Hill (Monument)
MDV3137Related to: Round cairn '11' (Butler) on Butterdon Hill, Harford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:May 30 2020 5:27PM