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HER Number:MDV2897
Name:Cairn on Butterdon Hill at southern end of stone row

Summary

A low cairn measuring 10.5 metres in diameter and 0.3 metres in height, with a retaining circle of stones at the southern end of the Butterdon Hill stone row.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 656 588
Map Sheet:SX65NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishUgborough
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishUGBOROUGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 65 NE 66 SX 65 NE 66
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX65NE/13
  • Old SAM County Ref: 310
  • Pastscape: 441240 441240

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV150127.

Osa=sx65ne117(covers grinsell etc).

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Stone circle' is marked on the early 20th century (1906) historic map.

Falcon, T. A., 1905, Dartmoor: A Note on Graves, 460 (Article in Serial). SDV255372.

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 395 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Worth, R. H., 1941, Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor, 229 (Article in Serial). SDV251083.

Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 287 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX65NE17 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV175965.

Butterdon Hill. Stone circle surrounding cairn on north-east side of top of hill. All the stones but one are fallen and now form an irregular outline of about twelve stones. Largest stone, on the west side, is 1.9m long and at least six are 1.5m long and more and of a tapered shape. One stone on the east side leans above the ground. The stone row, at the south end of which the circle is situated, does not point to the centre of the circle but passes some 0.9m to the west (citing Worth, 1941)

Worth, R. H., 1967, Worth's Dartmoor, 205 (Monograph). SDV337618.

Davidson, C. + Seabrook, R., 1973, Stone Rings on south-east Dartmoor, 25, plan (Article in Serial). SDV345864.

A low cairn within a retaining circle of stones is situated at SX 6563 5881, at the south end of the Butterdon stone row (SX 65 NE 17), with which it is associated.
The circle is 11 metres in diameter, and consists of twelve stones, all now recumbent, although when Worth wrote in 1941, one was erect and three were leaning. Some of the stones are unusually large.

National Monument Record, 1976, SX6558, 2/240-244 (Aerial Photograph). SDV166651.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 140, Harford 16 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(23/06/1973) On the Ugborough boundary. SX 6563 5881 Mound measures 9m in diameter, height 0.3m, retaining circle measures 11m, by 0.3m high. Cairn with hollow centre.

Hemery, E., 1983, High Dartmoor, 254 (Monograph). SDV249702.

A barrow from which the kistvaen has been removed, within a ruined retaining circle, on the northern slope of Butterdon Hill.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

It is not clear from the National Monuments Record 1976 aerial photograph that this cairn lies within a stone circle.

Ancient Monuments, 1987, Schedule notes (Schedule Document). SDV150117.

Cairn (diameter 6.10m, height 0.6m) on the north-east side of Butterdon Hill; on the top of the hill at the south end of Butterdon Stone Row. Lies within a circle of fallen orthostats (10.67m in diameter). Has become overgrown and several stones are scattered.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 54, 78/f8 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Encircled cairn. Ring of orthostats 11.1m diameter around cairn 7m in diameter and 0.3m high. Aligned east of centre of single stone row.

Department of National Heritage, 1996, Letter (Correspondence). SDV150130.

Consent granted for works concerning the infilling of various erosion hollows and the re-erection of fallen stone, with archaeological excavation of socket hollow prior to re-erection (10/04/1996).

Historic England, 2019, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV362730.

The Butterdon Hill single stone alignment runs for over 2km along the ridge between Butterdon Hill and Piles Hill and is the second longest stone alignment on Dartmoor. The stones are up to a metre in height and are spaced at intervals of 1m to 1.5m. There is a cairn 10.5m in diameter and 0.3m in height, with a retaining kerb at the southern end of the alignment and a recumbent stone, 2.56m in length, known as the Longstone, which is considered to have been the northern terminal. One stone in the row c.300m south of this northern terminal has a cross incised on its west face and is known as Hobajon's Cross. The line has been adopted as the Harford Moor/ Ugborough Moor Common Land boundary and includes introduced modern boundary stones.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV150117Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1987. Schedule notes. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown.
SDV150127Migrated Record:
SDV150130Correspondence: Department of National Heritage. 1996. Letter. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter. Unknown.
SDV166651Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1976. SX6558. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2/240-244.
SDV175965Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX65NE17. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 54, 78/f8.
SDV249702Monograph: Hemery, E.. 1983. High Dartmoor. High Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 254.
SDV251083Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1941. Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 73. 229.
SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 287.
SDV255372Article in Serial: Falcon, T. A.. 1905. Dartmoor: A Note on Graves. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 37. Paperback Volume. 460.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 140, Harford 16.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 395.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337618Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1967. Worth's Dartmoor. Worth's Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 205.
SDV345864Article in Serial: Davidson, C. + Seabrook, R.. 1973. Stone Rings on south-east Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 31. Paperback Volume. 25, plan.
SDV362730National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2019. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV2988Related to: Butterdon Hill stone row (Monument)
MDV127203Related to: Pool on Butterdon Hill (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jan 13 2020 4:21PM