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HER Number:MDV2897
Name:Cairn '1' (Butler) on Butterdon Hill at southern end of stone row, Ugborough

Summary

'Cairn 1' (Butler) is a low cairn measuring 10.5 metres in diameter and 0.3 metres in height, with a retaining circle of stones at the southern end of the Butterdon Hill stone row.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 656 588
Map Sheet:SX65NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishUgborough
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishUGBOROUGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 65 NE 66 SX 65 NE 66
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX65NE/13
  • Old SAM County Ref: 310
  • Pastscape: 441240 441240

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Stone circle' is marked on the early 20th century (1906) historic map.

Falcon, T. A., 1905, Dartmoor: A Note on Graves, 460 (Article in Serial). SDV255372.

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 395 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Worth, R. H., 1941, Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor, 229 (Article in Serial). SDV251083.

Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 287 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX65NE66, SX65NE66 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV175965.

Butterdon Hill. Stone circle surrounding cairn on north-east side of top of hill. All the stones but one are fallen and now form an irregular outline of about twelve stones. Largest stone, on the west side, is 1.9 metres long and at least six are 1.5 metres long and more and of a tapered shape. One stone on the east side leans above the ground. The stone row, at the south end of which the circle is situated, does not point to the centre of the circle but passes some 0.9 metres to the west (Worth).
A low cairn within a retaining circle of stones is situated at SX 65635881, at the south end of the Butterdon stone row (SX 65 NE 17), with which it is associated. The circle is 11 metres in diameter, and consists of twelve stones, all now recumbent, although when Worth wrote in 1941, one was erect and three were leaning. Some of the stones are unusually large. The cairn is 9 metres in diameter by 0.3 metre high, with a hollow
in the centre.
A barrow from which the kistvaen has been removed, within a ruined retaining circle, on the northern slope of Butterdon Hill (Grinsell).

Worth, R. H., 1967, Worth's Dartmoor, 205 (Monograph). SDV337618.

Davidson, C. + Seabrook, R., 1973, Stone Rings on south-east Dartmoor, 25, plan (Article in Serial). SDV345864.

A low cairn within a retaining circle of stones is situated at SX 6563 5881, at the south end of the Butterdon stone row (SX 65 NE 17), with which it is associated.
The circle is 11 metres in diameter, and consists of twelve stones, all now recumbent, although when Worth wrote in 1941, one was erect and three were leaning. Some of the stones are unusually large.

National Monument Record, 1976, SX6558, 2/240-244 (Aerial Photograph). SDV166651.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 140, Harford 16 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(23/06/1973) On the Ugborough boundary. SX 6563 5881 Mound measures 9m in diameter, height 0.3m, retaining circle measures 11m, by 0.3m high. Cairn with hollow centre.

Hemery, E., 1983, High Dartmoor, 254 (Monograph). SDV249702.

A barrow from which the kistvaen has been removed, within a ruined retaining circle, on the northern slope of Butterdon Hill.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

It is not clear from the National Monuments Record 1976 aerial photograph that this cairn lies within a stone circle.

Ancient Monuments, 1987, Schedule notes (Schedule Document). SDV150117.

Cairn (diameter 6.10m, height 0.6m) on the north-east side of Butterdon Hill; on the top of the hill at the south end of Butterdon Stone Row. Lies within a circle of fallen orthostats (10.67m in diameter). Has become overgrown and several stones are scattered.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 54, 78/f8 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Encircled cairn. Ring of orthostats 11.1m diameter around cairn 7m in diameter and 0.3m high. Aligned east of centre of single stone row.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 24, Map 53, Figures 53.7 and 53.7.1 (Monograph). SDV337765.

'Cairn 1' at the south end of the stone row is of 8 metres diameter by 0.6 metres high and is still substantial despite the central pit and possibly covering more than one inner ring of slabs. Well outside its base the mound is surrounded by a ring of larger slabs about 11 metres across several of them completely buried and the rest fallen or nearly so. Instead of meeting the outer ring symetrically the alignment takes its origin about a metre west of the cairn centre.

Department of National Heritage, 1996, Letter (Correspondence). SDV150130.

Consent granted for works concerning the infilling of various erosion hollows and the re-erection of fallen stone, with archaeological excavation of socket hollow prior to re-erection (10/04/1996).

Historic England, 2019, National Heritage List for England, 1012486 (National Heritage List for England). SDV362730.

The Butterdon Hill single stone alignment runs for over 2km along the ridge between Butterdon Hill and Piles Hill and is the second longest stone alignment on Dartmoor. The stones are up to a metre in height and are spaced at intervals of 1m to 1.5m. There is a cairn 10.5m in diameter and 0.3m in height, with a retaining kerb at the southern end of the alignment and a recumbent stone, 2.56m in length, known as the Longstone, which is considered to have been the northern terminal. One stone in the row c.300m south of this northern terminal has a cross incised on its west face and is known as Hobajon's Cross. The line has been adopted as the Harford Moor/ Ugborough Moor Common Land boundary and includes introduced modern boundary stones.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

'Stone Circle' shown on modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV150117Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1987. Schedule notes. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown.
SDV150130Correspondence: Department of National Heritage. 1996. Letter. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter. Unknown.
SDV166651Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1976. SX6558. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2/240-244.
SDV175965Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX65NE66. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. SX65NE66.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 54, 78/f8.
SDV249702Monograph: Hemery, E.. 1983. High Dartmoor. High Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 254.
SDV251083Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1941. Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 73. 229.
SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 287.
SDV255372Article in Serial: Falcon, T. A.. 1905. Dartmoor: A Note on Graves. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 37. Paperback Volume. 460.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 140, Harford 16.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 395.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337618Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1967. Worth's Dartmoor. Worth's Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 205.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 24, Map 53, Figures 53.7 and 53.7.1.
SDV345864Article in Serial: Davidson, C. + Seabrook, R.. 1973. Stone Rings on south-east Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 31. Paperback Volume. 25, plan.
SDV362730National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2019. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1012486.
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #86290 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV2988Related to: Butterdon Hill stone row (Monument)
MDV2896Related to: Cairn '10' (Butler) on Butterdon Hill, Ugborough (Monument)
MDV3134Related to: Cairn '12' (Butler) north-west of Butterdon Hill, Harford (Monument)
MDV3135Related to: Cairn '18' (Butler) on Weatherdon Hill, Harford (Monument)
MDV3136Related to: Cairn '19' (Butler) on Weatherdon Hill, Harford (Monument)
MDV13165Related to: Cairn '20' (Butler) near the summit of Weatherdon Hill, Harford (Monument)
MDV2895Related to: Large cairn '5' (Butler) on Butterdon Hill, Ugborough (Monument)
MDV2915Related to: Large Cairn '6' (Butler) on Butterdon Hill, Ugborough (Monument)
MDV127203Related to: Pool on Butterdon Hill (Monument)
MDV3137Related to: Round cairn '11' (Butler) on Butterdon Hill, Harford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:May 30 2020 5:28PM