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HER Number:MDV2913
Name:Enclosure with hut circles north of Scad Brook

Summary

Sub-circular enclosure approximately 1.25 hectares in area containing eleven hut circles ranging from 3.5 metres to 10 metres in diameter, with entrances facing south-east and many of the walls standing up to a metre high. The most complete hut has been excavated and re-instated with walls faced with orthostats and an entrance with jambs.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 666 599
Map Sheet:SX65NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishUgborough
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishUGBOROUGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX65NE14
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX65NE/23
  • Pastscape: 441139

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 1215-16 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX65NE14, 28/3/1950, plan included (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV176908.

Enclosure and eleven hut circles (not shown on Ordnance Survey 6 inch historic map) recorded. The majority of hut circles have visible entrances all to the south-east.


Plymouth Museum Archaeology Group, 1961, Settlements at the Scad Brook (Plan - measured). SDV176909.

Prehistoric enclosure centred at SX66705995 containing eleven hut circles.


Gaskell-Brown, C. + Hankin, C., 1975 - 1978, Ugborough Parish Checklist, Page 93/215 (PF, IDOX) (Worksheet). SDV161354.

Prehistoric enclosed settlement north of Scad Brook.
Scad Brook, Glazebrook, near Owley Gate, elevation 244 metres. On the left bank of the Scad Brook, a roughly circular enclosure wall with the south side formed by a steep bank going down to the stream. The wall is fairly complete but overgrown, with stones protruding, and the ground is very uneven. The whole area is on ground sloping down to the south-east. The diameter of the enclosure is 91 metres (undated).


National Monuments Record, 1977, SX6660, 2/354-359 (Aerial Photograph). SDV176911.


Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1978, Field Investigator's Comments - settlement at Scad Brook (Report - Survey). SDV358090.

(16/01/1978) Centred at SX 66685998, on a south-east slope between 230 metres and 250 metres ordnance datum, is a semi-oval enclosed settlement abutting a terrace of the Scad Brook.
The enclosure measures 125 metres from east to west and from north to south and covers 1.3 hectares. It has rubble walling which averages 2.0 metres wide and is up to 0.8 metres high, cut in several places by modern paths which render any original entrance indistinguishable.
Ten huts can be identified, all within the enclosure. Three are of Type 2, the remaining seven, of which three are built against the enclosure wall, are in poor condition and of indeterminate type. The huts vary in internal diameter from 2.9 metres to 6.0 metres, the walling averaging 1.6 metres wide and 0.6 metres high.
One hut of Type 2, SX 66635998 (MDV2914), has been excavated to disclose a levelled and partly paved interior and a south east entrance with orthostats 1.2 metres high. (This is the only identifiable entrance in the group.) As excavated the walling is 1.8 metres thick, and, measured on the inner face where the floor is cut back into the slope, it reaches a maximum height of 1.7 metres. (The enclosed hut to the south of Scad Brook has been recorded separately.) Surveyed at 1:10000 on MSD.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1982, Archaeological Notes III. The Excavation of a Dartmoor Hut, 57-8 (Article in Serial). SDV176912.

Enclosure with two gaps, presumably original entrances, and eight huts, one of which is of much smaller diameter than the others - perhaps a storage hut.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Oval enclosure cut by Scad Brook with five internal hut circles visible on 1946 aerial photograph. Area of enclosure approximately 1.25 hectares on this map.


Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 84, Map 56.2 (Monograph). SDV337765.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Settlement clearly visible on the aerial photography.


Ordnance Survey, 2015, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV357601.

Northern section of the enclosure depicted on the modern mapping.


English Heritage, 2015, National Heritage List for England, 1012485 (National Heritage List for England). SDV357602.

This sub-circular enclosure lies immediately on the northern bank of the Scad Brook and is approximately 1.25 ha in area; its earth and stone bank is continuous except on the southern side, along the brook bank. The enclosure contains eleven hut circles ranging from 3.5 m. to 10 m. in diameter, with entrances facing south-east and many of the walls standing up to a metre high. The most complete hut has been excavated and re-instated with walls faced with orthostats and an entrance with jambs.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV161354Worksheet: Gaskell-Brown, C. + Hankin, C.. 1975 - 1978. Ugborough Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. Digital. Page 93/215 (PF, IDOX).
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1215-16.
SDV176908Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX65NE14. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. 28/3/1950, plan included.
SDV176909Plan - measured: Plymouth Museum Archaeology Group. 1961. Settlements at the Scad Brook. Plan. Digital.
SDV176911Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. SX6660. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2/354-359.
SDV176912Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1982. Archaeological Notes III. The Excavation of a Dartmoor Hut. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 114. Paperback Volume. 57-8.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 84, Map 56.2.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV357601Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2015. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #86390 ]
SDV357602National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2015. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1012485.
SDV358090Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1978. Field Investigator's Comments - settlement at Scad Brook. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey.

Associated Monuments

MDV124286Parent of: Hut circle 1 in settlement at Scad Brook, Ugborough (Monument)
MDV124334Parent of: Hut circle 12 in settlement at Scad Brook, Ugborough (Monument)
MDV124287Parent of: Hut circle 2 in settlement at Scad Brook, Ugborough (Monument)
MDV2914Parent of: Hut circle 3 in enclosed settlement at Scad Brook (Monument)
MDV124288Parent of: Hut circle 4 in settlement at Scad Brook, Ugborough (Monument)
MDV124289Parent of: Hut circle 5 in settlement at Scad Brook, Ugborough (Monument)
MDV124290Parent of: Hut circle 6 in settlement at Scad Brook, Ugborough (Monument)
MDV124291Parent of: Hut circle 7 in settlement at Scad Brook, Ugborough (Monument)
MDV124292Parent of: Hut circle 8 in settlement at Scad Brook, Ugborough (Monument)
MDV124332Parent of: Hut circle 9 in settlement at Scad Brook, Ugborough (Monument)
MDV124333Parent of: Hut circles 10 and 11 in settlement at Scad Brook, Ugborough (Monument)
MDV2911Related to: Hut circle settlement at Owley Corner (Monument)
MDV5671Related to: Hut circle settlement north-west of Skitscombe Wood (Monument)
MDV25033Related to: Large enclosed hut circle settlement at Owley Corner (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Dec 11 2018 3:50PM