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HER Number:MDV2922
Name:Spurrell's Cross, Ugborough Moor

Summary

Spurrell's Cross stands on the Blackwood Path close to the intersection of the Owley-Harford track and the Wrangaton-Erme Plains track. It is a granite cross 1.37 metres high, with a restored shaft and head of a different granite with spurred limbs. The head is set north/south and the northern arm is missing.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 659 599
Map Sheet:SX65NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishUgborough
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishUGBOROUGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 65 NE 13
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX65NE/30
  • Old SAM Ref: 10551
  • Pastscape: 441138

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • WAYSIDE CROSS (Late Medieval - 1401 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Page, J. L. W., 1895, An Exploration of Dartmoor and its Antiquities, with some account of its borders, with some account of its borders, 253 (Monograph). SDV344985.


Crossing, W., 1902, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Dartmoor (Monograph). SDV178385.

Referred to as 'Pearl's Cross' by Crossing in 1884. At that time, only mutilated head and one arm. Probably named after Thomas Spurrell of Harford (1634 wills).


Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 72 (Monograph). SDV320981.


Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M., 1931, The Place-Names of Devon: Part One (Monograph). SDV1312.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1937, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I, 307, plate 37, figure 13 (Article in Serial). SDV240502.

Spurrell's Cross. The head and one arm of a cross of octagonal section with spurred projections, the only example of this type on Dartmoor. It was re-erected on a new rough shaft by the
Dartmoor Preservation Association.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX65NE13, 27/3/1950 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV175387.

Ugborough Moor, Spurrell's Cross. Standing on the open moor at the intersection of the track from Owley-Harford (east-west) with that from Wrangaton-Erme Plains (south-north) on the Blackwood Path.
In a hollow between rising ground and not visible from any great distance. Type B. Erected as a 'restoration' in 1954 by the Dartmoor Preservation Association, featuring new rough shaft. North arm is missing, but only example of a cross with spurred limbs on Dartmoor - other Devon examples at Stoke Fleming and Ermington. Cross set north-south, of pinitic granite of the type found in the valley of the Erme above Ivybridge. Much weathered. Spurring is a comparatively late development which may be assigned to the 15th century.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1954, Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Fourth Paper), 190 (Article in Serial). SDV15725.

The Cross was recently overthrown and the ancient head was detached from the modern shaft. It was re-erected by the Dartmoor Preservation Association on August 4 1954.


Worth, R. H., 1967, Worth's Dartmoor (Monograph). SDV337618.


Starkey, F. H., 1983, Dartmoor Crosses and Some Ancient Tracks, 57-8 (Monograph). SDV345128.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

'Spurrell's Cross (Remains of)' depicted on the modern mapping.


Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 04/07/2016 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

This cross stands at the intersection of three routes and is closely associated with prominent prehistoric monuments, indicating the continuity of importance of the site through many centuries. Spurrell's Cross is the only example of a cross with spurred limbs on Dartmoor, a style dating to the 15th century AD.
Wayside crosses mark significant points or intersections along the routes which cross Dartmoor, though the crosses are of medieval or later date it is likely that some mark the sites of standing stones or markers associated with much earlier use of the trackways. Spurrell's Cross stands on the Blackwood Path close to the intersection of the Owley-Harford track and the Wrangaton-Erme Plains track. It is a granite cross 1.37m high, with a restored shaft and head of a different granite with spurred limbs. The head is set north/south and the northern arm is missing.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV1312Monograph: Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M.. 1931. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. VIII. A5 Hardback.
SDV15725Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1954. Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Fourth Paper). Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 86. A5 Hardback. 190.
SDV175387Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX65NE13. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. 27/3/1950.
SDV178385Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1902. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Dartmoor. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Dartmoor. Unknown.
SDV240502Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1937. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A5 Hardback. 307, plate 37, figure 13.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 72.
SDV337618Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1967. Worth's Dartmoor. Worth's Dartmoor. A5 Hardback.
SDV344985Monograph: Page, J. L. W.. 1895. An Exploration of Dartmoor and its Antiquities, with some account of its borders, with some account of its borders. An Exploration of Dartmoor and its Antiquities. Unknown. 253.
SDV345128Monograph: Starkey, F. H.. 1983. Dartmoor Crosses and Some Ancient Tracks. Dartmoor Crosses and Some Ancient Tracks. Paperback Volume. 57-8.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #86432 ]
SDV359353National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 04/07/2016.

Associated Monuments

MDV3150Related to: Ermington Cross (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Dec 10 2018 12:41PM