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HER Number:MDV29482
Name:Wray Mine, Moretonhampstead


Small mine in the Wray Valley, worked for micaceous haematite in the early 20th century (1920-1938). Worked in close association with Pepperdon/Moorwood Mine, Wray also recorded under the name Wraybarton.


Grid Reference:SX 771 848
Map Sheet:SX78SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishMoretonhampstead
Ecclesiastical ParishMORETONHAMPSTEAD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork and structural remains of Wray Mine, worked for micaceous haematite in the early 20th century

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record
  • National Record of the Historic Environment
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX78SE/90
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ADIT (Early 20th Century to Mid 20th Century - 1920 AD to 1938 AD (Between))
  • Micaceous Haematite Mine (Early 20th Century to Mid 20th Century - 1920 AD to 1938 AD (Between))
  • MINE BUILDING (Built, Early 20th Century to Mid 20th Century - 1920 AD to 1938 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Remains of the mining area appear visible on the 1940s aerial photographs.

Greeves, T. A. P., 1978, Mines survey in Wray Cleave and Shaptor Woods, 26/10/1977 (Report - Survey). SDV300583.

Most significant remains are site of dressing floors of Pepperdon or Wray Mine. Was being worked in the early 20th century for micaceous haematite. Also various remains of walls and buildings including a stack. All structures cement-faced and some are of brick.

McCrone, P., 1985, An Archaeological Survey of Some Dartmoor Woodlands, May 1985 (Report - Survey). SDV360479.

Processing area of mine, three adits of which exist in Wray Cleave Wood. Remains consist of channels for washing ore through machinery, machinery bases of drying chimney and three circular buddles with associated settling tanks. There is also a water tank on the hillside above these buildings.
Mine was producing micaceous haematite during the 1920s and 1930s. One adit is next to the processing area. Two others with associated spoil heaps and tramways at SX77258486 and SX77288482. Also two blocked shafts at SX84797731.

Richardson, P. H. G., 1992, The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913, 67-68 (Article in Serial). SDV323598.

Worked for micaceous iron ore in the 1920s as Wray Barton then from 1929 until 1938 for red ochre as Wray.

Brooks, T., 2016, Kelly Mine and the 'Shiny Ore' Mines of the Wray Valley, 5, 89- (Monograph). SDV359934.

Wray Mine is also referred to as Wraybarton and appears to have been closely worked/worked with Pepperdon/Moorwood Mine to the south-east. Ownership of Wraybarton Mine is recorded in 1920 as C. J. Payne and J. N. Mullis of Wray Mine, who were prospecting for ‘shiny ore’. Ownership changed over the next few years, and the business was carried out at Wray Barton Farm. The mine was tiny and only employed a couple of men underground and another two on the surface (up to five on the surface in1922-3; when the dressing plant was constructed at SX771848?). The business was up for sale again in 1926 and is said to have been also worked for red ochre, but no clear evidence of this has been found. Work at the mine apparently ceased in 1938.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV300583Report - Survey: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1978. Mines survey in Wray Cleave and Shaptor Woods. Letter. 26/10/1977.
SDV323598Article in Serial: Richardson, P. H. G.. 1992. The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913. British Mining. 44. A5 Paperback. 67-68.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #86465 ]
SDV359934Monograph: Brooks, T.. 2016. Kelly Mine and the 'Shiny Ore' Mines of the Wray Valley. Kelly Mine and the 'Shiny Ore' Mines of the Wray Valley. Paperback Volume. 5, 89-.
SDV360479Report - Survey: McCrone, P.. 1985. An Archaeological Survey of Some Dartmoor Woodlands. Dartmoor National Park Authority. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. May 1985.

Associated Monuments

MDV47819Related to: Hawkmoor Mine, Bovey Tracey (Monument)
MDV8829Related to: Kelly Mine, Bovey Tracey (Monument)
MDV8823Related to: Pepperdon Mine in Moor Wood, Moretonhampstead (Monument)
MDV9369Related to: Plumley Mine, Bovey Tracey (Monument)
MDV65849Related to: Shaptor Mine, Bovey Tracey (Monument)
MDV112074Related to: Wray Barton Farm, Moretonhampstead (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7392 - Archaeological condition survey in Wray Cleave Woods
  • EDV7430 - Woodland Survey (1985) in Wray Cleave, Sanduck Wood, Caseley Wood, Kings Wood and Fingle Woods

Date Last Edited:Apr 26 2021 11:08AM