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HER Number:MDV29743
Name:Bonehill Medieval Settlement, Widecombe-in-the-Moor


Bonehill Medieval settlement which was also known as 'Bunhill' included several tenements with farmhouses and outbuildings. Now known as 'Lower Bonehill' 'Middle Bonehill' and 'Higher Bonehill'


Grid Reference:SX 725 774
Map Sheet:SX77NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWidecombe in the Moor
Ecclesiastical ParishWIDECOMBE IN THE MOOR

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX77NW56
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 445176
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77NW/109/1

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Medieval - 1066 AD (Between) to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

South West Heritage Trust, 1838-1848, Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments (Cartographic). SDV359954.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Bonehill' shown on 19th century map.

Linehan, C. D., 1965, Deserted Sites on Dartmoor, Devon, 175 (Article in Serial). SDV217992.

A long-house with cross-passage is now used in part as a barn.

Linehan, C. D., 1966, Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon (Article in Serial). SDV307246.

SX 725775. A deserted Medieval site at Lower Bonehill, Widecombe in the Moor, includes a building showing late development and enclosures in use on the present day farm

Beeson, M. M. R. + Masterman, M. C. H., 1979, An Archaeological Survey of Enclosed Land in Widecombe-In-The-Moor Parish, 93 (Report - Survey). SDV337078.

Shown on the Tithe Map Apportionment as Buildings and Mowey and used as meadow. Field number 291 on the Tithe Map. There were once four tenements at Lower Bonehill. Possibly one was a dwelling house. The barn nearest the house, now a goat shed, has carved stone corbels jutting out of the interior end wall supporting a dressed lintel. In the hayloft above there is a stone lampstand. The end wall outside this barn is of two different masonry types. The next barn, which contains the old shippen floor, removed from Lower Bonehill, has a blocked doorway on the east end wall. Beside this there is a large granite slab standing on its side. There is another similar sized slab incorporated in the south east corner of the opposing barn. These slabs could have been the sides to an old hearth. From the same end wall of this building one can trace the contunuation of walls, which once could have been the living quarters of a dwelling house. Traces of two old yards outside Lower Bonehill itself. Another barn marked on Tithe Map has completely disappeared. Other details: Volume 1.

Whitten, E. H. T., 2009, Bonehill: Evolution of a Dartmoor Hamlet, 101 (Monograph). SDV348680.

Lower Bonehill comprised two tenements prior to 1800 and both were referred to as 'Bonneyhill'. Other details: Figure 35.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV217992Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1965. Deserted Sites on Dartmoor, Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 97. A5 Hardback. 175.
SDV307246Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1966. Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon. Medieval Archaeology. 10. Digital.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337078Report - Survey: Beeson, M. M. R. + Masterman, M. C. H.. 1979. An Archaeological Survey of Enclosed Land in Widecombe-In-The-Moor Parish. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Report. Vols I - V. A4 Comb Bound. 93.
SDV348680Monograph: Whitten, E. H. T.. 2009. Bonehill: Evolution of a Dartmoor Hamlet. Bonehill: Evolution of a Dartmoor Hamlet. Hardback Volume. 101.
SDV359954Cartographic: South West Heritage Trust. 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments. Tithe Map and Apportionment. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV30042Parent of: Barn 10 metres south of Lower Bonehill Farmhouse (Building)
MDV30040Parent of: Barn 30 metre south-west of Lower Bonehill Farmhouse (Building)
MDV29741Parent of: Barn at Higher Bonehill, Widecombe in the Moor (Building)
MDV29204Parent of: Higher Bonehill Farmhouse (Building)
MDV7467Parent of: Lower Bonehill Farmhouse (Building)
MDV29746Parent of: Middle Bonehill Farmhouse (Building)
MDV30043Parent of: Outbuilding 10 metres north-west of Lower Bonehill Farmhouse (Building)
MDV30041Parent of: Shippon 15 metres south-west of Lower Bonehill Farmhouse (Building)
MDV45641Related to: Bonehill clapper bridge over the East Webburn River, Widecombe-in-the-Moor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:May 30 2022 12:37PM