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HER Number:MDV29990
Name:ENCLOSURE in the Parish of Cornwood

Summary

An irregularly oval enclosure of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date is visible on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013, defined by curvilinear stony earthwork banks on the lower south-west facing slopes of Penn Moor, Cornwood. The enclosure might be associated with a hut circle settlement and field boundaries to the south-west and south-east.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 591 623
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Prehistoric enclosure north west of Cholwich Town Waste

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/270

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • OVAL ENCLOSURE (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV175931.

Aph=no reference.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV175932.

Osa=sx56se111.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Untitled Source (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV24.

'enclosure' shown on ap transcription by rchm app - no reference given.(av). Vis=2/12/1977 (os). Semi-circular enclosure above the newtake; double faced wall to south east, single to the south west. The west side consists of natural scarp and scatter of rock (os citing ref in devon smr 1977 - now lost). Vis=17/4/1979 (os). On a south west facing slope is a prehistoric type enclosure oval on plan and measuring approx 60m x 30m. On the west side the enclosure is completed by a natural scarp and scattered rocks; elsewhere the wall is approx 1.5m wide and up to 0.5m high with double facing and infill on the south east and single slabs and stones on the south west (os).

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2292-2293 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Curvilinear banks are visible as stony earthworks.

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1977, NMR 1130, NMR 1130/375 18-MAY-1977 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363090.

Curvilinear banks are visible as stony earthworks.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5962 01-JUN-2002 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Curvilinear banks are visible as stony earthworks.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5962 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

Curvilinear banks are visible as stony earthworks.

Ordnance Survey, 2019, MasterMap 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362729.

An oval enclosure is schematically depicted.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

Curvilinear stony earthwork banks less than 2m wide are visible on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013, defining an oval enclosure 75m long, north to south, and 37m wide, west to east. The banks defining the western edge are less regular in form than those on the east, and the western edge of the enclosure might have been defined in part by a natural scarp.
The enclosure might be associated with a hut circle settlement to the south-west and field boundaries to the south-west and south-east.
A more regularly oval enclosure is schematically depicted in this general location on the current Ordnance Survey Mastermap, but on a more pronounced north-west to south-east alignment.
It may be the same enclosure as recorded as MDV79186.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2292-2293 10-DEC-1946.
SDV175931Aerial Photograph:
SDV175932Migrated Record:
SDV24Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. OSA. Card Index.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5962 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013. [Mapped feature: #122891 ]
SDV362729Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2019. MasterMap 2019. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5962 01-JUN-2002.
SDV363090Aerial Photograph: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1977. NMR 1130. NMR Aerial Photograph. NMR 1130/375 18-MAY-1977.

Associated Monuments

MDV79186Related to: Enclosure in settlement east of Cholwich Town China Clay Works (Monument)
MDV79185Related to: Hut circle settlement east of Cholwich Town China Clay Works (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Nov 15 2019 1:24PM