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HER Number:MDV30997
Name:Bowden Farmstead, Buckland in the Moor


Situated in a sheltered hollow, facing south, Bowden is first documented as Boghedoune in 1330. In 1639, the farm was sold to Buckland Manor, who let it out to various tenants, including the Burnell family, who lived in the house until the early 19th century. Smerdons also lived in one of the tenements. Farm unified in the early 19th century.


Grid Reference:SX 726 736
Map Sheet:SX77SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishBuckland in the Moor
Ecclesiastical ParishBUCKLAND IN THE MOOR

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77SW/300/3

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (First mentioned, XIII to XIV - 1300 AD? to 1330 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

Bowden marked on Tithe Map comprising a dwelling house orientated south-west to north-east with attached agricultural building at the north-eastern end and two ranges of buildings immediately south, one aligned south-west to north-east, the other north-west to south-east.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Bowden marked showing the three ranges of buildings depicted on the Tithe Map with an additional building to the west of the farmhouse.

Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M., 1931, The Place-Names of Devon: Part One, 525 (Monograph). SDV1312.

Bowden first appears as Boghedoune in 1330 in the lay subsidy rolls. The name means means bow-shaped hill.

Belsey, P. M., 1987, Bowden Farm (Worksheet). SDV283223.

Bowden Farm is mentioned in various documents held at the Devon Heritage Centre (formerly Devon Record Office). There are considerable differences in plan of farm buildings between the Tithe Map and Apportionment of 1825 and the 1964 Ordnance Survey map.

Dartmoor National Park Authority, 1993 - 1997, Dartmoor National Park Authority Farmstead Survey 1993-1997 (Report - Survey). SDV344544.

Farmstead included in survey. Visited on 28/02/1995.

Brown, M., 1996, A guide to the Parish of Buckland-in-the-Moor, 16-17, 19 (Monograph). SDV361770.

The Woolcott family owned the farm in the late 16th century, and may have built the longhouse. The property was also owned by the Jennynge family in the early 17th century, who then sold it to Buckland Manor in 1639 for £200. Amongst the first of the Manor's tenants there was John Burnell; the Burnell family retained their tenancy (which included the longhouse) until the early 19th century.
The farmstead was split in these early centuries, into sub-tenements. In later centuries, there were Smerdons (who began their long occupation at Elliott's Hill in 1639) living at Bowden as well.

Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Sanders, J. + Dallimore, J., Spring 2001, Bowden Farmstead, Buckland-In-The-Moor, 5-11 (Article in Serial). SDV351616.

South facing farmstead situated in a sheltered hollow.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV1312Monograph: Gover, J. E. B. + Mawer, A. + Stenton, F. M.. 1931. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. The Place-Names of Devon: Part One. VIII. A5 Hardback. 525.
SDV283223Worksheet: Belsey, P. M.. 1987. Bowden Farm. Parish Checklist. Worksheet.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV344544Report - Survey: Dartmoor National Park Authority. 1993 - 1997. Dartmoor National Park Authority Farmstead Survey 1993-1997. dartmoor National Park Authority. Mixed Archive Material.
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #87046 ]
SDV351616Article in Serial: Sanders, J. + Dallimore, J.. Spring 2001. Bowden Farmstead, Buckland-In-The-Moor. Devon Buildings Group Newsletter. 19. A4 Bound. 5-11.
SDV361770Monograph: Brown, M.. 1996. A guide to the Parish of Buckland-in-the-Moor. A guide to the Parish of Buckland-in-the-Moor. A5 Paperback. 16-17, 19.

Associated Monuments

MDV30998Parent of: Barn to south of Bowden Farmhouse, Buckland in the Moor (Building)
MDV31000Parent of: Bowden Farmhouse, Buckland in the Moor (Building)
MDV104567Parent of: Pigsties at Bowden Farm, Buckland in the Moor (Building)
MDV30999Parent of: Shippon to south-west of Bowden Farmhouse, Buckland in the Moor (Building)
MDV77121Related to: Elliott's Hill farmstead, Buckland in the Moor (Monument)
MDV77119Related to: Westdown farmstead, Dunsford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:Sep 18 2018 11:58AM