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HER Number:MDV3117
Name:Enclosure and hut circles east at Addicombe, Harford


Irregular shaped prehistoric Enclosure 'A' (Butler) to the west of Addicombe of 46 metres by 46 metres with walls 1.2 metres wide by 0.9 metres high, an entrance to the south and an internal division


Grid Reference:SX 651 582
Map Sheet:SX65NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX65NE29
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 441182
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX65NE/202
  • Old SAM County Ref: 521
  • Old SAM Ref: 10556

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Enclosure with an internal division and two 'Hut Circles' shown on 19th century map.
(SX 64955823) Enclosure (NR); (SX 65115825, SX 65105823 - 'A', SX 65125826 - 'B') Enclosure & Hut Circles.

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2105, 4055-6 (Aerial Photograph). SDV176920.

The easterly enclosure is roughly diamond-shaped and appears to be divided into two by a possible wall running approximately between the two hut circles. Faint traces of what may be another hut circle appear in the north corner.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX65NE29 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV167181.

(24/03/1950) SX 64955823 Enclosure and hut circles east of Addicombe. The enclosures and hut circles are correct as shown on the Ordnance Survey mapping. A worked stone was found in the position indicated by R H Worth; this may be trough referred to.
(SX 65125826) Partly worked trough in side of pound (citing Worth, R. H., 09/12/1948).

Worth, R. H., 1953, Dartmoor, 161-2 (Monograph). SDV231148.

Hankin, C. F., 1977-1980, Harford Parish Checklist (Worksheet). SDV149931.

Site visited on 12th October 1976. South-west of Butterdon Hill. The enclosure wall on its east side almost adjoins the old Redlake rail track but the nearest natural feature is the small Addicombe valley to the west. Roughly circular, the walls are not complete but in places have a height of circa 0.6 metres of rough loosely laid stones. In the south-east quadrant there is a wall which appears to divide off an elliptical area within the enclosure. This area appears to be recorded by the Ordnance Survey as a hut circle. There is a dilapidated hut circle in the north east wall of the enclosure, partly within the enclosure and partly outside. The walls are no higher than those of the enclosure. An air photograph of December 1945, shows the enclosure rather square with the south east elliptical area clearly seen, but no hut circle. Enclosure diameter circa 40 metres with walls 0.6 metres high. Hut circle diameter 7 metres.

Robinson, R., 1984, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984 (Un-published). SDV343082.

Site visited on 12th june 1984.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Enclosure with hut circle attached to internal wall in southwest and one hut circle attached external wall in the northeast. A bank extends from the north-east corner to the middle of the enclosure. Area approximately 0.125 hectares.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 16-18, Map 53, Figure 53.1 (Monograph). SDV337765.

'Enclosure A' at Addicombe is well preserved with a boundary wall still a metre high deflecting the course of the Red Lake railway. A wall divides the interior into upper and lower sections and a pair of huts of circa 5 metres diameter are included in the perimeter.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

'Enclosure and Hut Circles' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2020, National Heritage List for England, 1012484 (National Heritage List for England). SDV363414.

Irregular shaped enclosure, used as a pound, with associated hut circles. Enclosure approx 40 metres in diameter containing 2 hut circles attached to the walls. It is subdivided by a bank.

Riley, H., 2021, Archaeological Survey: Ugborough Premier Archaeological Landscape, Harford and Ugborough, 13, 7.2.2 (Report - Survey). SDV364697.

Two enclosures at Addicombe with only a few hut circles and internal divisions perhaps separating domestic and agricultural areas. A fragmentary field system lies close to the enclosures and is probably associated with them.

Riley, H., 2021, UG21 heritage asset database and gazetteer of sites (Report - Survey). SDV364699.

Site visited on 24th January 2021, surveyed and photographed. Enclosure at Addicombe: 46 metres north-west to south-east, 46 metres north-east to south-west, walls 1.2 metres wide, 0.9 metres high upright facing stones to north-west, entrance to south; 2 hut circles and internal division. A path runs alongside the north-west side of the enclosure.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149931Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1977-1980. Harford Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. Digital.
SDV167181Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX65NE29. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Card Index.
SDV176920Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2105. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 4055-6.
SDV231148Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1953. Dartmoor. Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 161-2.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 16-18, Map 53, Figure 53.1.
SDV343082Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1984. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV363414National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2020. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1012484.

Associated Monuments

MDV128267Parent of: Northern hut circle in prehistoric enclosure east of Addicombe, Harford (Monument)
MDV128268Parent of: Southern hut circle in prehistoric enclosure east of Addicombe, Harford (Monument)
MDV3133Related to: Cairn south of Addicombe enclosure, Harford (Monument)
MDV128272Related to: Eastern hut circle in prehistoric enclosure to the north-east of Addicombe, Harford (Monument)
MDV13076Related to: Enclosure east of Addicombe, Harford (Monument)
MDV132362Related to: Fragmentary field system north-east of Addicombe, Harford (Monument)
MDV128193Related to: Northern hut circle in prehistoric enclosure east of Addicombe, Harford (Monument)
MDV2839Related to: Prehistoric enclosure east of Addicombe, Harford (Monument)
MDV128194Related to: Southern hut circle in prehistoric enclosure east of Addicombe, Harford (Monument)
MDV3138Related to: The Redlake China Clay Railway, Harford & Dratmoor Forest Parishes (Monument)
MDV128271Related to: Western hut circle in prehistoric enclosure to the north-east of Addicombe, Harford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8770 - Archaeological Survey: Ugborough Premier Archaeological Lanscape, Harford and Ugborough

Date Last Edited:Feb 26 2022 9:02AM