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HER Number:MDV32066
Name:Pillow mound 790 metres north-north-east of Blackaton Cross

Summary

A rabbit bury or pillow mound of probable medieval to post-medieval date is visible as an earthwork mound on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, on the south-west facing slopes of Trowlesworthy Warren, overlooking the combe of the Blacka Brook.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 571 638
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 NE 66
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/198/75
  • Old SAM Ref: 24247

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • PILLOW MOUND (Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Haynes, R. G., Map of Trowlesworthy Warren (Cartographic). SDV165949.

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 431 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp2 5143-5144 12-JUL-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352279.

A ditched mound is visible as an earthwork.

Royal Air Force, 1964, RAF/58/6399, RAF/58/6399 F64 0384-0385 02-JUL-1964 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363068.

A ditched mound is visible as an earthwork.

Mercer, R. J., 1987, An Archaeological Field Survey of the Upper Plym Valley, Dartmoor 1982-1986, 1 (Report - Survey). SDV165948.

Pillow mound. Sub-rectangular earthen mound, surrounded by a ditch, 2m wide and 0.30m deep. Dimensions: length 23m x breadth 5m x height 0.50m (mercer).

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 130928, 30/6/1994 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Pillow mound forming part of Trowlesworthy Warren. Survives as a 20.4 metre by 7 metre by 0.5 metre high, flat topped, oblong shaped mound of soil and stone surrounded on four sides by the ditch from which construction material was quarried. This ditch survives as a 2.3 metre wide by 0.5 metre deep hollow along the southern side of the mound and as a 0.6 metre wide by 0.2 metre deep gully along the north.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, Map 51 (Monograph). SDV137656.

National Trust and English Heritage, 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape, 1 (Report - non-specific). SDV166309.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5763 01-06-2002 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A ditched mound is visible as an earthwork.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5763 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

A ditched mound is identifiable as an earthwork.

Ordnance Survey, 2015, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV357601.

Depicted on the modern mapping.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

An oblong mound approximately 22m long and 7.5m wide is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, crossing the contours of the south-west facing slopes of Trowlesworthy Warren.
The bank is surrounded on three sides by a ditch 2 to 3m wide, the ditch not readily identifiable on the downslope, south-western side.
The mound is probably the remains of a rabbit bury or pillow mound of medieval to post-medieval date, the enclosing ditch intended to aid to drainage, enhancing the natural drainage of the slope.
The mound remains clearly identifiable on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. Map 51.
SDV165948Report - Survey: Mercer, R. J.. 1987. An Archaeological Field Survey of the Upper Plym Valley, Dartmoor 1982-1986. Edinburgh Archaeological Services. A4 Comb Bound. 1.
SDV165949Cartographic: Haynes, R. G.. Map of Trowlesworthy Warren. Unknown.
SDV166309Report - non-specific: National Trust and English Heritage. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape. National Trust Archaeological Survey Report. 102.130. A4 Comb Bound. 1.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 130928, 30/6/1994.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 431.
SDV352279Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp2 5143-5144 12-JUL-1946.
SDV357601Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2015. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5763 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013. [Mapped feature: #122989 ]
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363068Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. RAF/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/58/6399 F64 0384-0385 02-JUL-1964.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5763 01-06-2002.

Associated Monuments

MDV14148Part of: Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV55259Related to: Pillow mound 770 metres north of Blackaton Cross (Monument)
MDV55258Related to: Pillow mound 770 metres north of Blackaton Cross (Monument)
MDV55257Related to: Pillow mound 860 metres north-north-west of Blackaton Cross (Monument)
MDV55290Related to: Pillow mound 860 metres south-south-east of Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV55260Related to: Streamworks within the valley bottom of the Blacka Brook (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7369 - Survey of Granite Loading Bays at Trowlesworthy, Devon
  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Nov 20 2019 5:42PM