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HER Number:MDV3211
Name:Ring cairn 80 metres north-east of White Hill summit

Summary

One of three badly damaged later Bronze Age cairns located on the summit area of White Down. Located and surveyed as part of the RCHME Willsworthy Project. A slight stony rim some 16.5m in overall diameter and up to 0.25m high is all that survives. The interior has been heavily disturbed and there are a number of upcast mounds and depressions. A slit trench lies to the south of this cairn.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 534 839
Map Sheet:SX58SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishPeter Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPETER TAVY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX58SW6
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 440678
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX58SW/24
  • Old SAM Ref: 20344

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • RING CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Baring Gould, S., 1888, 10th Report of the Barrow Committee, 47 (Article in Serial). SDV222380.

On the summit of White Down (a portion of Black Down) which rises to 1280 feet are numerous cairns, large and small, mostly rifled.

Worth, R. H., 1902, 21st Report of the Barrow Committee, 109 (Article in Serial). SDV20971.

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 4290 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950/1979, SX58SW6, Cairn A (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV214712.

(24/10/1950) Barrow A (diameter 15.0m, height 0.25m). Remains of tumulus. Very much despoiled. The greater part of the mound has been removed, but the former extent can be traced by a low circular bank round the perimeter. The condition is poor. The barrow is one of three on white down.
(13/08/1979) The three published cairns on the summit of White Down have been
destroyed. (See also SX 58 SW 103).
'A' and 'B' are just traceable as stripped circular patches 13.0m in diameter, each surrounded by a faint rim 1.0m wide and 0.1m high.
At 'B' there is an irregular patch of stones outside the eastern perimeter which have evidently been taken from the former cairn.
Both sides are heather covered. No trace of cairn 'C' could be found.
Shown as cairns on MSD.

Ordnance Survey, 1963-1996, 1963-1996 National Grid OS Metric (Cartographic). SDV350058.

(A - SX 53498389; B - SX 53428385; C - SX 53438350) Tumuli (NR) [1965 edition].

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 159 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Grinsell failed to find site June 1974. 'Cairn mostly removed except for circumferential rim. Diameter 15m, height 0.2m' (Ridyard, 1950, OS).

Fleming, A., 1980, The Cairnfields of North-West Dartmoor, 11 (Article in Serial). SDV251119.

The White Hill South cairnfield consists of almost 8 cairn around SX535838; most are in a group to the SSE of the hill top, with one or two further East.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Recorded from Royal Air Force verticals.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 66/A11 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Turner identifies this site as a ring cairn. Stone ring 13.2m internal diameter, with bank 1m wide and 0.3m high.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset. (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(1992) Survives as flat internal area, diameter 13m, surrounded by circular bank 1.8m wide and 0.15m high. Central hollow 8.5m long by 1.3m wide by 0.15m deep. Possibly a badly robed round cairn, but the circular bank suggests a ring cairn.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 106-7, Map 32 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Depicted by Butler.

Probert, S. + Fletcher, M. + Newman, P., 1998, Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon: An Archaeological survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (Report - Survey). SDV350638.

(29/07/1998) The three cairns located on the summit area at 381m above OD have been extensively robbed and damaged.
SX53448389. A slight stony rim some 16.5m in overall diameter and up to 0.25m high is all that survives. The interior has been heavily disturbed and there are a number of upcast mounds and depressions. A slit trench lies to the south of this cairn.
The cairns are composed of sandstone, shale and soil and they are covered by heather moorland.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV20971Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1902. 21st Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 34. A5 Paperback + Digital. 109.
SDV214712Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950/1979. SX58SW6. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. Cairn A.
SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 106-7, Map 32.
SDV222380Article in Serial: Baring Gould, S.. 1888. 10th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 20. Digital. 47.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 66/A11.
SDV251119Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1980. The Cairnfields of North-West Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 38. 11.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 159.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital.
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4290.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV350058Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1963-1996. 1963-1996 National Grid OS Metric. Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV350638Report - Survey: Probert, S. + Fletcher, M. + Newman, P.. 1998. Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon: An Archaeological survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field/Recording In. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. [Mapped feature: #134429 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV14429Part of: Southern White Hill Cairnfield (Monument)
MDV3213Related to: Cairn on white White Down, Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV3212Related to: Ring cairn 50 metres north-east of White Hill summit (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7368 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy (1998)
  • EDV6663 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV6664 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV6665 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV8141 - Condition survey of the Willsworthy Training Area

Date Last Edited:Nov 23 2021 11:45AM