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HER Number:MDV3235
Name:Kitt's Mine south of River Lyd


Kitt's Mine shown on 19th century and later maps on the south side of the River Lyd


Grid Reference:SX 517 844
Map Sheet:SX58SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishLydford
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPETER TAVY

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork and structural remains of 19th century Kitt's Mine and associated workings; Florence Mine and Higher Pits, Lydford

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX58SW194
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 1462276
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX58SW/45

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ADIT (XIX - 1801 AD to 1866 AD (Between))
  • FORGE (XIX - 1801 AD to 1866 AD (Between))
  • LEAD MINE (XIX - 1801 AD to 1866 AD (Between))
  • MINE SHAFT (XIX - 1801 AD to 1866 AD (Between))
  • WHEEL PIT (XIX - 1801 AD to 1866 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 13/04/1947, CPE/UK/1995, 2386 (Aerial Photograph). SDV217286.

Probably continuous with PRN 26928.

Dixon, S., 1830, Untitled Source (Monograph). SDV336879.

In 1830, the mine was producing lead.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Kitt's Mine (Lead, disused)' shown on 19th century map. With several buildings and an 'Old Shaft'.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Kitt's Mine (Disused)' shown on early 20th century map.

Collins, J. H., 1912, Observations on the West of England Mining Region (Monograph). SDV323594.

H. M. Stationary Office, 1929, Abandoned Mines (Monograph). SDV215700.

Ramsden, J. V., 1952, Notes on the Mines of Devonshire, 97 (Article in Serial). SDV60737.

K5 kitts. Plan Duchy of Cornwall Office, Liskeard. Lead. The mine is also known as Cate's, Skitt, Lydford Consols, Lyd River Silver-Lead and Wheal Reform.

Dines, H. G., 1956, The Metalliferous Mining Region of South West England, 2 (Monograph). SDV62852.

In 1834, the mine was reported by the Duchy of Cornwall to have ceased producton. There were three shafts, two south of the river and one north.

Harris, H., 1968, Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor, 212 (Monograph). SDV149229.

Kitts Mine was worked for lead by three shafts in the mid 19th century. The shafts are now filled but an adit can be seen. Other mining remains lie along the left bank of the Tavy.

Greeves, T. A. P., 1981, Untitled Source (Worksheet). SDV336880.

An extensive area of disturbed ground south of the Lyd. At SX51718453 there is a well preserved wheelpit. At Sx51688452, a stone building of 19th century date, possibly a smithy. At SX51598460, an open adit entrance with a bottle dump above. At Sx51618459, a possible blocked adit. 'Heatherdale' at SX51758445 may have been the mine captains house.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Mine extent plotted on National Mapping Programme GIS layers.

Cranstone, D., 1991, The Lead Industry, Devon 3 (Report - non-specific). SDV90317.

Small early to mid 19th century mine. Wheelpit currently being infilled with rubbish. Possible shaft nearby. Ill defined earthworks to west. Smithy (?) now a derelict farm building.
No obvious features of importance.

Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

'Kitt's Mine (Disused)' shown on modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149229Monograph: Harris, H.. 1968. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 212.
SDV215700Monograph: H. M. Stationary Office. 1929. Abandoned Mines. Abandoned Mines. Unknown.
SDV217286Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 13/04/1947. CPE/UK/1995. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2386.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic. [Mapped feature: #130082 ]
SDV323594Monograph: Collins, J. H.. 1912. Observations on the West of England Mining Region. Observations on the West of England Mining Region. Unknown.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #87446 ]
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336879Monograph: Dixon, S.. 1830. Journal of an Excursion on the Western and Northern Sides of Dartmoor. Unknown.
SDV336880Worksheet: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1981. Worksheet.
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV60737Article in Serial: Ramsden, J. V.. 1952. Notes on the Mines of Devonshire. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 84. A5 Hardback. 97.
SDV62852Monograph: Dines, H. G.. 1956. The Metalliferous Mining Region of South West England. The metalliferous mining region of South West England. Vol 2. Unknown. 2.
SDV90317Report - non-specific: Cranstone, D.. 1991. The Lead Industry. English Heritage Monuments Protection Programme Step 3 Site Assessments. A4 Unbound. Devon 3.

Associated Monuments

MDV4738Related to: Cairn in field north of Kitt's Mine, Lydford (Monument)
MDV107291Related to: Lydford Mill leat (Monument)
MDV26928Related to: Lydford, Higher Pits (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:May 11 2021 2:56PM