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HER Number:MDV3249
Name:The South Gate, Lydford


Site of the South Gate in the town defences of Medieval Lydford


Grid Reference:SX 511 847
Map Sheet:SX58SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishLydford
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX58SW/54

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • GATE (VIII to Late Medieval - 701 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'South Gate (Site of )' shown on 19th century map as a cross at the southern end of the defensive bank at the eastern side of Lydford village.

Weddell, P. J., 1981, Excavations at Southgate Cottages, Lydford, 119-140 (Article in Serial). SDV254239.

A small excavation was carried out in advance of development in the garden of 2 Southgate Cottages in Lydford in March/April 1981. The site lies immediately inside the presumed line of the southern wall of the town and some 25 metres from the presumed site of the South Gate. The main evidence of occupation on the site consisted of a series of street surfaces, some associated with possible buildings, running east-west along the inside of the town wall. This suggests that an important street may have followed this course from the Late Medieval period to the 18th or early 19th century when the property was divided into two. Pottery included Medieval cooking pots and a high proportion of 17th century North Devon wares. The site may not have been occupied during the Medieval period; perhaps reflecting Lydfords decline. The earliest dateable street surface was laid down after 1600, so by then at least, the South Gate was in use.

Newman , P., 2000, The Town and Castle Earthworks at Lydford, 9 (Report - Survey). SDV351534.

The alignment of the eastern boundary wall of Lydford is slightly curved at its southern end near South Gate Cottages and the defensive circuit continues as a curved earthwork terrace. No mention is made of a gate at this point.

Exeter Archaeology, 2008, Archaeological Assessment of Proposed Sewage Treatment Works at Lydford, 3, Figure 2 (Report - Assessment). SDV351460.

Supposed site of the South Gate of Lydford.

National Monuments Record, 2013, 440671, SX58SW3 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV233012.

South Gate, this is known locally as 'The South Gate' and is regarded by natives as being contemporary with the wall. There is a gap of 2 metres between the end of the wall and the top of the escarpment, where there is now a modern wall. There is no further information.

Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

'South Gate (site of)' shown on modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV233012National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2013. 440671. National Monuments Record Database. Website. SX58SW3.
SDV254239Article in Serial: Weddell, P. J.. 1981. Excavations at Southgate Cottages, Lydford. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 39. Paperback Volume. 119-140.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #87479 ]
SDV351460Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 2008. Archaeological Assessment of Proposed Sewage Treatment Works at Lydford. Exeter Archaeology. 08.31 (6475). A4 Grip Bound. 3, Figure 2.
SDV351534Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2000. The Town and Castle Earthworks at Lydford. English Heritage. A4 Spiral Bound. 9.

Associated Monuments

MDV21796Related to: Medieval Borough of Lydford (Monument)
MDV14152Related to: Road south-east of Lydford Village (Monument)
MDV14321Related to: Saxon Burh at Lydford (Monument)
MDV14323Related to: Saxon Settlement at Lydford (Monument)
MDV3242Related to: Town Defences to north and east of Lydford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6171 - Archaeological Assessment of Proposed Sewage Treatment Works at Lydford (Ref: 08.31)
  • EDV6180 - The Town and Castle Earthworks at Lydford
  • EDV7063 - Watching brief on replacement of electricity pole at South Gate, Lydford (Ref: ACD1416)

Date Last Edited:Sep 27 2016 4:01PM