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HER Number:MDV3251
Name:Cairn with cist east of Doe Tor, Lydford

Summary

A prehistoric cist cairn. The cist measures 0.76m square and the cairn is 5.8m by 5.4m and a maximum 0.6m high. Opened in 1905 by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee and 'partly restored'. Surveyed in 1998: he remains of a very fine cist are set in a disturbed cairn at SX54388484 on a moderate hillslope. Three side slabs of the cist which measures internally 0.76m square and a maximum 0.6m deep survive; a partially buried slab which lies to the east of the mound may, as suggested, be the fourth slab or alternatively the capstone. The cairn which is dug away on the west side measures 5.8m by 5.4m and a maximum 0.6m high, some stones and boulders are visible in the turf-covered mound and the upper part of the cist protrudes from the top.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 543 848
Map Sheet:SX58SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishLydford
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX58SW1
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 440667
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX58SW/56
  • Old SAM County Ref: 20
  • Old SAM Ref: 20350

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))
  • CIST (Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV215010.

Vis=-/6/1959 (ancient monuments) cairn east of doe tor. Denuded cairn about 457mm in height, 7.47m in diameter. Three large granite slabs set on edge forming the cist protrude nearly 305mm above the mound. Moorland.

Worth, R. H., 1902, 21st Report of the Barrow Committee, 115 (Article in Serial). SDV20971.

Cist. On the slope of Doe Tor towards Sharp Tor. There are two end stones visible. One side stone restored to place. Stands in mound. Previously robbed, excavation found fragment of charcoal.

Worth, R. H., 1905, 24th Report of the Barrow Committee, 89-90 (Article in Serial). SDV64705.

In May 1905, a cist on the slopes of Doe Tor was re-opened, examined and partly restored. After restoration one side as well as both ends were above ground. The cover stone or possibly the other side stone was found lying to the east. The cist which stands on a mound of 16 feet diameter had obviously been robbed and excavation yielded only one minute fragment of charcoal. The original depth of the cist was three feet.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 144 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(11/09/1975) Cairn enclosing cist. South-western slab missing. Excavated. Diameter 5.5m, height 0.3m.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1979, SX58SW1 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV215009.

(29/08/1979) A cairn, 5.6m in diameter and 0.5m high, with a cist which protrudes 0.2m above the mound. The cist, oriented 175oN, has one side stone 1.3m long and two end slabs 0.6m and 0.8m long; the maximum depth is 0.6m. A possible cover stone 1.0m by 0.7m lies just east of the cairn.
Surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD.
Cist reopened and restored by Worth. The cist 'stands on a mound 16 feet diameter, had obviously been robbed and excavation yielded only one minute fragment of charcoal. Original depth of cist was 3 feet (1905).

Robinson, R., 1983, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983 (Un-published). SDV345762.

Department of Environment Field Monument Warden site visit 3rd September 1983.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on the 1940s Royal Air Force verticals.

Brewer, D., 1986, A field guide to the boundary markers on and around Dartmoor, 38 (Monograph). SDV309252.

Crossing refers to a cairn which lies between Doe Tor and Hare Tor called 'Hay Tor Bound'. It marked the boundary of the old Willsworthy Manor.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 123738 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(1992) Round cairn. Mound measures 5.6m in diameter and stands up to 0.5m high. Partially excavated to reveal a cist orientated north-south. Interior measures 1.3m by 0.8m by 0.6m deep. Excavated by Dartmoor Exploration Committee in 1905, and this work revealed only a small fragment of charcoal and that the cist has been previously robbed. Following excavation the cist was restored. A possible capstone measuring 1m by 0.7m lies immediately east of the cairn mound.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, Map 32 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Depicted and described by Butler.

Probert, S. + Fletcher, M. + Newman, P., 1998, Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon: An Archaeological survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (Report - Survey). SDV350638.

(22/06/1998) The remains of a very fine cist are set in a disturbed cairn at SX54388484 on a moderate hillslope. Three side slabs of the cist which measures internally 0.76m square and a maximum 0.6m deep survive; a partially buried slab which lies to the east of the mound may, as suggested, be the fourth slab or alternatively the capstone. The cairn which is dug away on the west side measures 5.8m by 5.4m and a maximum 0.6m high, some stones and boulders are visible in the turf-covered mound and the upper part of the cist protrudes from the top.
This cairn is most probably the boundary marker noted by Crossing as it lies immediately adjacent to the boundary of the MOD Willsworthy Estate which incorporated the Manor lands.

Probert, S., 2001, Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon. Integrated Land Management Plan Implementation: Archaeological Condition Baseline Survey Appendices 2-5 (Report - Survey). SDV357727.

(20/12/2000) The cairn is well preserved and its remains are undisturbed.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV20971Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1902. 21st Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 34. A5 Paperback + Digital. 115.
SDV215009Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SX58SW1. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV215010Migrated Record:
SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. Map 32.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 144.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 123738.
SDV309252Monograph: Brewer, D.. 1986. A field guide to the boundary markers on and around Dartmoor. A field guide to the boundary markers on and around Dartmoor. Unknown. 38.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345762Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1983. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV350638Report - Survey: Probert, S. + Fletcher, M. + Newman, P.. 1998. Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon: An Archaeological survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field/Recording In. A4 Comb Bound + Digital.
SDV357727Report - Survey: Probert, S.. 2001. Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon. Integrated Land Management Plan Implementation: Archaeological Condition Baseline Survey Appendices 2-5. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. A4 Comb Bound + Digital.
SDV64705Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1905. 24th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 37. 89-90.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8451 - Excavation of cairn east of Doe Tor
  • EDV7368 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy (1998)
  • EDV6663 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV6664 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV6665 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV8141 - Condition survey of the Willsworthy Training Area

Date Last Edited:Nov 23 2021 9:02AM