HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV33174
Name:31 New Street, Chagford

Summary

House and former smithy. Early 16th century with major late 16th century and 17th century improvements, 19th century smithy, and a major modernization of circa 1985. Plastered walls said to be granite stone rubble but coursed granite ashlar shows on the inside here and there; granite stacks with granite stone ashlar chimney shafts; slate roof (formerly thatch).

Location

Grid Reference:SX 701 873
Map Sheet:SX78NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishChagford
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishCHAGFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX78NW/216
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II)
  • Royal Albert Memorial Museum Accession Number: 181/2008

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS PASSAGE HOUSE (XV to XVI - 1500 AD to 1550 AD (Between))
  • BLACKSMITHS WORKSHOP (XVIII to XIX - 1800 AD to 1899 AD (Between))

Full description

Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

Building is depicted on the Tithe Map; 37 on the apportionment 'cottage'.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Appears to have been divided into two properties at this time.


Department of Environment, 1987, Chagford, 118 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV350463.

No 31 new street, Chagford. House and former smithy. Early 16th century with major late 16th century and 17th century improvements, 19th century smithy, and a major modernization of circa 1985. Plastered walls said to be granite stone rubble but coursed granite ashlar shows on the inside here and there; granite stacks with granite stone ashlar chimney shafts; slate roof (formerly thatch).
A three room and through passage plan house built along this street. Irregular four window front of mostly late 19th century and 20th century horned 4 pane sashes, that to the hall a triparitite sash. Extensively refurbished circa 1985. The oldest feature apparent is the remains of the original 4 bay roof. All the trusses are raised true crucks. Only one survives intact. The hall stack was probably inserted in the late 16th century and it contains an enormous fireplace with a long granite ashlar lintel and chamfered surround. Since reduced in width by a side oven.
See List for full details on features.


Rice, I., 2002, The Book of Chagford. A Town Apart, 71 (Monograph). SDV356605.

A smaller general smithy was located in New Street.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

Shown on the modern map covering 31-33 New Street.


Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

SX 7087 CHAGFORD NEW STREET, Chagford 6/152 No 31 -GV II
House and former smithy. Early C16 with major later C16 and C17 improvements, C19 smithy, and a major modernisation of circa 1985. Plastered walls said to be granite stone rubble but coursed granite ashlar shows on the inside here and there; granite stacks with granite stone ashlar chimney shafts; slate roof (formerly thatch).
Plan and development: 3-room-and-through-passage plan house built along the street and facing east. Small unheated inner room at the right (northern) end. Both hall and service end rooms have axial stacks backing onto either side of the passage. The original hall house was open to the roof from end to end, divided by low partitions and heated by an open hearth fire. Through the later C16 and C17 the house was progressively floored over leaving the hall till last. A fireplace was inserted into the hall probably in the late C16. The service end room fireplace was inserted in the C19. The site of the original stair or stairs is not known. House now 2 storeys with attics and has secondary outshots across the rear which include a C19 smithy.
Exterior: irregular 4-window front of mostly late C19 and C20 horned 4-pane sashes, that to the hall a triparitite sash. C20 fixed pane windows without glazing bars at the right (inner room) end. Front passage doorway is left of centre and contains a late C19 - early C20 plank door. Roof butts those of its neighbours each end and has attic roof lights to the rear.
Interior was extensively refurbished circa 1985. Nevertheless something of its development still remains. The oldest feature apparent is the remains of the original 4-bay roof. All the trusses are raised true crucks. Only one survives intact. It has a cranked collar and mortices for threaded purlins. All are smoke- blackened indicating that the original house was open to the roof from end to end, divided by low partitions and heated by an open hearth fire. The granite ashlar partition between hall and inner room may be one of the original partitions. The inner room was probably the first to be floored over but the ceiling was replaced circa 1985. Formerly it comprised a series of axial joists which projected into the hall with rounded ends and carried the jetted chamber into the hall. The hall stack was probably inserted in the late C16 and it contains an enormous fireplace with a long granite ashlar lintel and chamfered surround. (It has since been reduced in width with a side oven). The granite relieving arch over now appears on the first floor. The hall ceiling was also replaced circa 1985 except for a roughly finished beam across the front of the chimney breast. C19 granite fireplace in service end room and no carpentry details shows here. The outshot to rear of the hall still contains the C19 smithy furnace.
No. 31 New Street is one of an interesting group of listed buildings along the west side of the street.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV350463List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1987. Chagford. Historic Houses Register. A4 Bound. 118.
SDV356605Monograph: Rice, I.. 2002. The Book of Chagford. A Town Apart. The Book of Chagford. Hardback Volume. 71.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #87708 ]
SDV359353National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV106478Related to: 28 New Street, Chagford (Building)
MDV33169Related to: 41 New Street, Chagford (Building)
MDV114129Related to: Lloyds Bank, Chagford (Building)
MDV114175Related to: The Crown Iron Works, Chagford (Monument)
MDV114098Related to: The Vulcan Ironworks, Chagford (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jan 29 2016 4:19PM