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HER Number:MDV3329
Name:Cairn in Drizzlecombe group

Summary

North-westernmost barrow of the line of three barrows. Cairn survives as an 8.8m diameter mound standing up to 0.8m high. An L-shaped hollow cutting through the mound represents the site of robbing or a partial early excavation. Surrounding the mound, are two rings of upright stones, the nearest denoting the periphery and the second lying about 1.5m from the cairn. This cairn does not appear to have an associated stone row.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 592 670
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/22
  • Old SAM County Ref: 462
  • Old SAM Ref: 24104
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Brent, F., 1883, On a group of prehistoric remains on Dartmoor, 218 (Article in Serial). SDV273189.

Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 293-294 plate 35 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56NE41 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV229625.

(02/11/1950) A turf covered cairn 1.0m high surrounded by the remains of a retaining circle 8m diameter. A hollow is visible in the centre of the barrow.

Worth, R. H., 1967, Worth's Dartmoor, 209-12 (Monograph). SDV337618.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 167/sheepstor 28 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(29/07/1972) Cairn with traces of retaining circle, 8m in diameter, 1m high.

National Monuments Record, 1983, SF2134, 80 (Aerial Photograph). SDV231262.

Robinson, R., 1984, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984 (Un-published). SDV343082.

Visited 17/2/1984.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Recorded in project.

Robinson, R. + Cosford, J., 1986, Dartmoor multiple stone circles, 166-170, map, diagram (Article in Serial). SDV165686.

The cairn lies on a gentle south-western slope and is part of the complex group of cairns, stone rows and standing stones at drizzlecombe, though not itself directly associated with a stone row. It is 8m in diameter and 0.9m high, with traces of a retaining kerb, and in this case the associated concentric circles (three or four) are just outside the edge of the cairn proper.

Quinnell, N. V., 1988, Plan of the Drizzlecombe Stone Rows and associated features, Cairn A (Plan - measured). SDV232055.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 54 80/f24 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Encircled cairn, with outer ring of orthostats 9.6m in diameter and inner ring 7.4m diameter around cairn 5.9m diameter and 0.9m high.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133422, 12/03/1993 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(12/03/1993) Cairn survives as an 8.8m diameter mound standing up to 0.8m high. An L-shaped hollow cutting through the mound, measuring 1.2m wide and 0.3m deep, represents the site of robbing or a partial early excavation. Surrounding the mound, are two rings of upright stones, the nearest denoting the periphery and the second lying about 1.5m from the cairn.
This type of cairn is described by Turner as an encircled cairn with multiple circles. No stone alignment leads from this mound, although Worth has suggested that a solitary upright stone at SX 5899 6692 may have been intended to form part of an alignment leading from this cairn.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 139-40 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Quinnell, N. V., 1995, Cairn (Worksheet). SDV350843.

(10/09/1995) Much disturbed cairn. 0.3 metres high on the north-west side and 0.8 metres high on the south-east. Overall diameters are 7.5 metres by 8.5 metres with a flattish top, 4.3 metres to 5.0 metres across with a large, irregular robbing trench 4.5m long, 1.0 - 2.0m wide and 0.3m deep.
The fairly straight northern edge of the cairn may be the result of further robbing. Around the perimeter are 25 firmly embedded stones about 1.0 metre apart and mostly less than 0.1 metres high. Eight instances suggest there was originally a double 'circle', one at or just within the perimeter, the other 0.5 - 1.0 metres beyond. Neither forms a true circle or is concentric; the lack of height to the stones is unusual but their disposition does not seem to be a natural occurrence. Unlike the other nearby terminal cairns, no stone row has been found in association. Measured plan also included.

Quinnell, N. V., 1995, Drizzlecombe SX 59226709 (NAR 56NE41) (Plan - measured). SDV363470.

(1995) Measured plan of the cairn and encircling stones; all measured. Includes section of cairn.

Devon Archaeological Society, 1995, The Drizzlecombe Stone Rows, 11 (Leaflet). SDV272662.

Department of National Heritage, 1996, Consent granted (Correspondence). SDV229631.

(10/04/1996) Consent granted for works concerning erosion repairs.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Cairn visible on aerial photograph.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, UP-DZ 21 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 05/02/2020. Overall condition moderate. Photo taken.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, UP-DZ 21 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photo looking 140° showing grass/moss and bracken cover.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 139-40.
SDV165686Article in Serial: Robinson, R. + Cosford, J.. 1986. Dartmoor multiple stone circles. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 44. 166-170, map, diagram.
SDV229625Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56NE41. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV229631Correspondence: Department of National Heritage. 1996. Consent granted. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter. Unknown.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 54 80/f24.
SDV231262Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1983. SF2134. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 80.
SDV232055Plan - measured: Quinnell, N. V.. 1988. Plan of the Drizzlecombe Stone Rows and associated features. 1:250. Digital. Cairn A.
SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 293-294 plate 35.
SDV272662Leaflet: Devon Archaeological Society. 1995. The Drizzlecombe Stone Rows. Field Guide. 11. Leaflet. 11.
SDV273189Article in Serial: Brent, F.. 1883. On a group of prehistoric remains on Dartmoor. Journal of the British Archaeological Association. 39. 218.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 167/sheepstor 28.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133422, 12/03/1993.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337618Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1967. Worth's Dartmoor. Worth's Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 209-12.
SDV343082Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1984. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #122405 ]
SDV350843Worksheet: Quinnell, N. V.. 1995. Cairn. Worksheet. Digital.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UP-DZ 21.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UP-DZ 21.
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV363470Plan - measured: Quinnell, N. V.. 1995. Drizzlecombe SX 59226709 (NAR 56NE41). 1:1250. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV4047Related to: Cairn at Drizzlecombe (Monument)
MDV14772Related to: Cairn at the end of row, Drizzlecombe (Monument)
MDV3376Related to: Stone row, Drizzlecombe (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey

Date Last Edited:Feb 13 2020 10:00AM