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HER Number:MDV3344
Name:Shavercombe Pound, Shaugh Prior

Summary

A sub-circular enclosure measuring 48m north to south by 46m internally with walls up to 1.5m wide and 0.8m high. There is no obvious entrance gap in the walls which feature large upright granite slabs. A short length of stony bank leads 30m east-south-east from the eastern side of the enclosure before it is incorporated into a later drainage ditch. There are no contemporary features visible within the enclosure, however, later disturbance on the inner face of the wall has created a number of hollows interpreted by Robertson (1994) as hut circles.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 593 662
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 NE 97
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/54
  • Old SAM County Ref: 496
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 24230(P)
  • Old SAM Ref: 10681
  • Pastscape: 438776

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1943, The Prehistoric Pounds of Dartmoor, 274-275 fig.1 (Article in Serial). SDV320337.

Shavercombe pound is not circular. There is no hut circle within the pound. It is one of two main enclosures in a scheduled area which also includes three isolated hut circles. The fence or wall consisted of granite with large stones in the bottom courses. There are many long stones like broad gateposts laid lengthwise along both faces of the wall and filled between in the centre with small stones. The upper part was probably similarly faced with smaller blocks. Two or three large hut circles lie further up the hill. They are mounded up, rather than built, in quite small stones, mainly altered slate, with none of the usual slabs lining the inner faces of the wall.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 4284-5 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Worth, R. H., 1967, Worth's Dartmoor, 135-6 (Monograph). SDV337618.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1979, SX56NE97 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV148977.

(14/03/1979) On a slight north slope at 350m OD there is an almost circular enclosure approximately 46.0m in diameter. It is in fair condition mostly with orthostatic walling, double faced with infill. At best it is 1.2m thick and 0.8m high. No entrance is visible and the interior is featureless. With seven hut circles to the west and including other enclosures and huts (SX 56 NE 98 and 99) it may be part of a settlement spread over 5.0 ha. The seven huts are all of Type 1 and generally in poor condition. All have levelled interiors from 3.0m to 7.0m in diameter and walling which averages 1.7m thick and 0.5m high. There are no clearly visible entrances but most have suffered some depredation either by robbing or being added to during field clearance.
Seven huts and two enclosures are within or abut a complex field system which, though apparently based upon linear and parallel reaves, has been adapted and re-used in both Medieval and Napoleonic times. (See SX 56 NE 125).
Surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD.

National Monuments Record, 1983, NMR SF2134, 47-49 (Aerial Photograph). SDV238551.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Circular enclosure, one hut circle attached to eastern exterior wall visible on the historic aerial photographs (1940s/1970s). Incorporated into field system SX56NE/385 on north slope of Hentor Warren by boundaries on north and east side of enclosure. Area approx 0.3 hectares.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140493 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Enclosure lies within an historic field in Hentor Warren. It is sub circular, 54m by 50m and is defined by a 2m wide and 0.6m high double faced rubble wall. It contains at least two hut circles and these are attached to its western inner face. Both huts are of the simple plan type and survive as banks of stone and earth surrounding a circular internal area.
The interior of the northern hut is 2.5m in diameter and is defined by a 1.2m wide rubble bank wall standing up to 0.6m high.
The southern hut survives as a 2m wide and 0.6m high single orthostat wall surrounding a 3m diameter internal area.
According to Worth this enclosure contains no visible hut circles, whilst Butler records one built against the north wall. No trace of Butler's hut could be seen during this Monument Protection Programme field visit. A 1.5m wide and 0.4m high boundary wall leading east from the enclosure is considered by Butler to be of historic date. It is however of similar construction type to the enclosure wall and although it abuts the enclosure it is probably of Prehistoric origin. 22m from the enclosure, this boundary changes alignment, character and develops a ditch on its southern side. This length of boundary is not Prehistoric in appearance and whilst it may have had a Prehistoric origin it appears to have been refurbished in historic times and possibly adopted for military training. Two pits dug into the bank each contain several barbed wire entanglement stanchions.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, Map 49 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Robertson, J. G., 1994, The Archaeology of the Upper Plym Valley (Post-Graduate Thesis). SDV139549.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 265-6/ 102.964. (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

(15/01/2002) Centred SX 5936 6629. A sub-circular enclosure measuring 48m north to south by 46m internally with walls up to 1.5m wide and 0.8m high. There is no obvious entrance gap in the walls which feature large upright granite slabs. A short length of stony bank leads 30m east-south-east from the eastern side of the enclosure before it is incorporated into a later drainage ditch. There are no contemporary features visible within the enclosure, however, later disturbance on the inner face of the wall has created a number of hollows interpreted by Robertson (1994) as hut circles. Of the seven hut circles to the south-west of this feature only one can be identified as such.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Visible on the modern aerial photography.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. Map 49.
SDV139549Post-Graduate Thesis: Robertson, J. G.. 1994. The Archaeology of the Upper Plym Valley. Edinburgh University. Unknown.
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 265-6/ 102.964..
SDV148977Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SX56NE97. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4284-5.
SDV238551Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1983. NMR SF2134. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 47-49.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140493.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320337Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1943. The Prehistoric Pounds of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 75. A5 Hardback. 274-275 fig.1.
SDV337618Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1967. Worth's Dartmoor. Worth's Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 135-6.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #121977 ]

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey

Date Last Edited:Oct 15 2019 2:23PM