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HER Number:MDV3361
Name:Enclosure with huts metres south of 'Giants' Basin', Sheepstor

Summary

An ovoid enclosure of 0.2 hectares lies above the streamworking remains flanking the right bank of the River Plym some 200m south of the Drizzlecombe stone rows. The enclosure and hut circles (at SX 59227 66795 and SX 59228 66789) are generally as described by the Ordnance Survey (1977) though the hut circle adjacent to the west wall appears only to be a short length of contemporary walling that may have sub-divided the main enclosure. There is no trace of any levelling that may indicate the former position of a hut.
A small D-shaped platform at SX 59226 66815 measuring 3.6m east to west by 2.4m abuts the interior of the north wall and may represent the site of a further hut. There are no entrances visible in any of the huts or in the enclosure walls. The enclosure has been incorporated into a medieval or later field system resulting in several later banks adjoining the north and south walls of the site.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 592 667
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56NE47
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/66/1
  • Old SAM Ref: 33470
  • Pastscape: 438632

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs, RAF/CPE/UK/2495 4128,9,11 (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX56NE47 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV363533.

(27/06/1977) On a south-facing slope on the west side of the River Plym at 310.0 m OD is an oval enclosure, 60.0 m x 45.0 m, containing three hut circles; two are close together near the centre, the third is integral with the west wall.
The enclosure wall averages 1.0 m thick and is non-orthostatic. Two of the huts are Type 1, (Type site SX 56 SE 19), the third (the largest) is so ruined that its type cannot be determined.
The internal diameters are respectively 6.5 m, 4.0 m and 2.5 m; the walls of all three are 1.0 m in thickness. No entrances are visible. A small annexe, 5.0m by 2.0m, links the two central huts. The interior of the enclosure shows evidence of clearance and a lynchet has development on its upper side. The condition of the whole is poor. Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 157328 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(28/03/2002. Prehistoric enclosure 150m south of the Giant's Basin. Enclosure measures 60 metres by 45 metres with a wall 2.4 metres wide by 0.7 metres high.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 127, Figure 49.12, Map 49 (Monograph). SDV137656.

'Mill Corner' a small oval pound on the right bank of the Plym. The site just escapes the tinners' excavations but later banks have caused some damage at either end. Near the centre are a pair of huts of 2.5 and 3.7 metres diameter and linked by a curved bank. There seems to have been another hut on the western perimeter, partly destroyed by the rebuilt wall.

Environment Agency WMS, 1998-2016, LiDAR DTM data JPEG image (1m resolution) (Cartographic). SDV360208.

Enclosure visible on Lidar data.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

(03/08/1999) Centred SX 5921 6679. An ovoid enclosure of 0.2 hectares lies above the streamworking remains flanking the right bank of the River Plym some 200m south of the Drizzlecombe stone rows.
The enclosure and hut circles (at SX 59227 66795 and SX 59228 66789) are generally as described by the Ordnance Survey (1977) though the hut circle adjacent to the west wall appears only to be a short length of contemporary walling that may have sub-divided the main enclosure. There is no trace of any levelling that may indicate the former position of a hut.
A small D-shaped platform at SX 59226 66815 measuring 3.6m east to west by 2.4m abuts the interior of the north wall and may represent the site of a further hut. There are no entrances visible in any of the huts or in the enclosure walls. The enclosure has been incorporated into a medieval or later field system resulting in several later banks adjoining the north and south walls of the site.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Outline of enclosure visible on aerial photograph.

Historic England, 2018, National Heritage List for England, 1021058 (National Heritage List for England). SDV360653.

The monument includes a Prehistoric enclosed settlement situated on a south facing slope on the lower slopes of Higher Hartor Tor overlooking the River Plym. The settlement lies close to the stone alignments at Drizzlecombe and survives as an oval enclosure containing four stone hut circles. The interior of the enclosure measures 60 metres long by 45 metres wide and it is denoted by a 2.4 metre wide earthwork bank standing up to 0.7 metres high. The stone hut circles within the settlement all survive as circular or oval banks surrounding an internal area which varies between 7.1 square metres and 28.3 square metres. The height of the surrounding rubble walls vary between 0.3 metres and 0.7 metres. One of the huts has a visible doorway and another has an annex.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, UP-DZ 18 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 01/02/2020. Overall condition moderate. Photo x3 taken.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, UP-DZ 18 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photo 1: View of NW hut circle looking 120° showing grass/moss and bracken cover. Photo 2: View of SE hut circle looking 280° showing grass/moss and bracken cover. Photo 3: View of SW section of enclosure wall looking 350° showing grass/moss and bracken cover.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 127, Figure 49.12, Map 49.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 157328.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital). RAF/CPE/UK/2495 4128,9,11.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV360208Cartographic: Environment Agency WMS. 1998-2016. LiDAR DTM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. [Mapped feature: #112427 ]
SDV360653National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2018. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1021058.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UP-DZ 18.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UP-DZ 18.

Associated Monuments

MDV66639Parent of: Hut Circle within Prehistoric Settlement 150 metres south of 'Giant's Basin' Sheepstor (Monument)
MDV66640Parent of: Hut Circle within Prehistoric Settlement 150 metres south of 'Giant's Basin' Sheepstor (Monument)
MDV66641Parent of: Hut Circle within Prehistoric Settlement 150 metres south of 'Giant's Basin' Sheepstor (Monument)
MDV66642Parent of: Hut within enclosure 150 metres south of 'Giant's Basin' (Monument)
MDV127415Related to: Earthwork at Drizzlecombe (Monument)
MDV127414Related to: Pits at Drizzlecombe (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4966 - Survey of Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey

Date Last Edited:Feb 13 2020 9:34AM