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HER Number:MDV3366
Name:Enclosure north of Spanish Lake, Legistor Warren

Summary

An enclosure with five associated hut circles, both internal and external. Three probable huts lie within the enclosure and one clearer example is attached the west. Fair condition recorded during 2017 condition survey visit; site is stable.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 575 653
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 NE 68
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/71
  • Old SAM County Ref: 591
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 22289
  • Old SAM Ref: 10697
  • Old SAM Ref: 22289
  • Pastscape: 438695

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Iron Age - 4000 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1948, RAF/CPE/UK/2494, 3131-2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV147533.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56NE68 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV229129.

(01/06/1950) These hut circles are rather fragmentary and difficult to recognise with any degree of certainty.
The walls are composed of large stones, and are in poor condition. The average diameter of the hut circles is 6.0m. There is an enclosure (omitted from the Ordnance Survey 6 inch 1906 historic map). The walling is made up of fairly large stones. Its dimensions north-south are approximately 110m, and 90m east-west. Average width of walling is 3.0m.
Plan shows one hut roughly central to the enclosure and two or more hurts on/just outside the boundary of the enclosure (south-west boundary).

National Monuments Record, 1976, SX5765, 4/21 (Aerial Photograph). SDV155850.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX56NE68 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV363486.

(20/06/1977) Three huts within an enclosure of 0.5 hectares, and a hut circle, situated on a south facing slope at 280m OD. It is part of general settlement extending along the River Plym east from Legis Tor Settlement (See SX 56 NE 69, 70, 148).
The sub-oval enclosure measured 90.0 m by 50.0 m with single walling of natural boulders except on the north side where it is of double walled construction suggesting a different phase of construction. The walling averages 2.0m wide and 0.9m high with many small modern gaps and follows the line of the river cliffs on the lower south east side. The entrances are to the south and west. Attached to the west side of the enclosure are
three roughly rectangular yards one within, two without. The largest, 12.0m by 20.0m has been later utilized in part as a vermin trap. The two smaller yards are externally placed. (The
smallest yard is not portrayed at 1:10 000 scale).
All the huts are Type 1 (Type site: SX 56 SE 19). One hut is integrated within the enclosure wall, three huts are inside the enclosure while one is outside. All are in poor condition and
have levelled interiors with entrances mainly on the east side.
The internal diameters vary from 4.5m to 6.0m with a mean of 5.0m; the walling averages 1.2m thick and 0.6m high. The hut at SX 57566538 has a porch outside its entrance.
There is no visible field system or evidence of cultivation plots. Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD.

Robinson, R., 1983, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983 (Un-published). SDV345762.

(03/08/1983) Visited.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Enclosure visible on aerial photographs on south-facing bank of Legistor Warren. Small partition on its western side. Two hut circles attached to enclosures external walls. One hut circle to immediate west at SX 5751 6537. Area approximately 0.6 hectares.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 130876 (huts) (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(see related records for possible huts)
Hut C is of the simple plan and rubble bank walling type. The interior of the building measures 4.8m in diameter and the surrounding wall is 1m wide and 0.4m high. This structure is attached to the enclosure boundary. (Gerrard shows this feature attached to the boundary wall of the enclosure, on the north-eastern side).
NB MPP 22289(p) is a revision of SAM 10697.

Crossing, W., 1992, Crossing's Dartmoor Worker, 61 (Monograph). SDV351364.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 111-114, Map 49, fig 49.1 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Butler's enclosure D; 4-5 huts shown inside, as well as small courts at south-west side.

Newman, P., 2005, Ringmoor Training Area: Monument Baseline Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV363484.

(07/02/2005) Centred SX 5757 6540. An enclosure and hut circle on the south-east flank of Legis Tor. Three possible hut circles also lie within the enclosure. The enclosure is an inverted pear shape measuring 120m north-north-west to south-south-east by 90m. It is enclosed by crude boulder and slab walling up to 2.0m wide and 1.1m high. There are no obvious entrances. The interior of the enclosure is largely clitter with occasional patches of grass.
The associated hut circle (MDV43600) lies at SX 5751 6537 outside the enclosure and measures 5.8m in internal diameter with walls of large earthfast slabs and boulders a maximum of 0.6m high. The interior of this hut has latterly been used as a repository for cleared surface stone. It possesses no identifiable entrance.
Four other huts are depicted within the enclosure by the Ordnance Survey (1977). See related records.

Probert, S. A. J., 2010, A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of Ringmoor, Dartmoor Training Area (Report - Survey). SDV360517.

Newman , P., 2018, Archaeological Sites within Ringmoor Training Area, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: A condition survey on behalf of Defence Infrastructure Organisation (Report - Survey). SDV361636.

(05/12/2017) An enclosure with five associated hut circles, both internal and external. Three probable huts lie within the enclosure and one clearer example is attached the west. Fair condition; stable.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 111-114, Map 49, fig 49.1.
SDV147533Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1948. RAF/CPE/UK/2494. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3131-2.
SDV155850Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. SX5765. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 4/21.
SDV229129Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56NE68. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 130876 (huts).
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345762Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1983. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV351364Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1992. Crossing's Dartmoor Worker. Crossing's Dartmoor Worker. Paperback Volume. 61.
SDV360517Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J.. 2010. A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of Ringmoor, Dartmoor Training Area. A4 Comb Bound. [Mapped feature: #123764 ]
SDV361636Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2018. Archaeological Sites within Ringmoor Training Area, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: A condition survey on behalf of Defence Infrastructure Organisation. Southwest Landscape Investigations. A4 Comb Bound.
SDV363486Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX56NE68. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.

Associated Monuments

MDV127308Related to: Enclosure containing pillow mounds at Legistor Warren (Monument)
MDV127501Related to: Feature within enclosure south-east of Legis Tor (Monument)
MDV127502Related to: Feature within enclosure south-east of Legis Tor (Monument)
MDV43600Related to: Hut and bank south-west of enclosure in Legistor Warren (Monument)
MDV127499Related to: Hut within enclosure south-east of Legis Tor (Monument)
MDV127500Related to: Hut within enclosure south-east of Legis Tor (Monument)
MDV127315Related to: Vermin trap in enclosure at Legistor Warren (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7443 - Condition survey of archaeological sites in Ringmoor Training Area
  • EDV7569 - Condition survey of Ringmoor Down training area
  • EDV8227 - Ringmoor Training Area: Monument Baseline Condition Survey

Date Last Edited:Feb 11 2020 4:22PM