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HER Number:MDV3371
Name:Enclosure east of Combestone Tor

Summary

Enclosure originally recorded by the Ordnance Survey (1950), with five internal huts. The remains were described at this time as being vague and fragmentary. Later (1979) revised to six huts. Resurvey in 2006 identified ten possible huts within the enclosure, which measures 142 metres north-south by 112 metres east-west and is defined by a 2.0 metre wide and 0.7 metre high rubble wall. The north-east sector of the enclosure appears lost amid a large clitter field but a possible continuation of the wall skirts around the north side of the clitter to make a complete circuit enclosing 1.4 hectares.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 590 685
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 NE 20
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/76
  • Old SAM Ref: 10742
  • Pastscape: 438556

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 4353 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950-1979, SX56NE20 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV232098.

(Visited 10/6/1950) Remains of enclosure and hut circles, but so vague and fragmentary that it is impossible to recognise them with any degree of accuracy. The area is thick with heather and covered by large numbers of boulders and stones.
(Visited 15/03/1979) On the western slope Eylesbarrow at 345.0 metres OD is a sub-oval enclosure containing six huts. The enclosure, measuring 95.0 metres by 130.0 metres, is situated in an area of close boulders. The walling, 2.0 metres thick and 0.7 metres high is discontinuous and varied ranging from a collection of loose boulders to a wall with two neat orthostatic faces; the poor condition makes any entrances indeterminate. The huts are mainly of type 2 with interior diameters of 3.0 metres to 5.0 metres and walling of 1.0 metre thickness and 0.6 metres height. Entrances occur in the south-west and all have levelled interiors. At SX 59076853 the hut entrance is marked by two orthostats.
The site seems to be a Bronze Age settlement of typical Dartmoor type with an area of clearance to the north possibly representing associated fields. Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Enclosure to the east of Combestone Tor. Two hut circles freestanding within enclosure, four hut circles attached to interior wall of enclosure. Curved length of walling attached to south of enclosure. Area approximately 1 hectare.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133237, 07/06/1993 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(SX 5904 6853) Enclosure containing five hut circles. Linked to the nearby Eylesbarrow Reave by a lynchetted rubble boundary bank. Enclosure is irregular in shape, 142 metres north-south by 112 metres east-west and is defined by a 2.0 metre wide and 0.7 metre high rubble wall.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 68-70 (Monograph). SDV137656.

A substantial bank links the reave to enclosure C (Eylesbarrow West), the only one not directly affected by the tinners. Dense patches of surface stone sufficed as a barrier around half the perimeter and much stony ground was included in the circuit. The seven huts were well constructed but of no great size (3.2-5.3 metres), the largest being one of a pair near the centre.


Wessex Archaeology, 2002, Cramber Tor Training Area Rapid Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV354588.

Cramber Tor Survey 2002, Site WA143.


Newman, P., 2007, Cramber Tor Training Area Monument Baseline Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV348210.

01/08/2006. Site resurvey demonstrated a possible total of ten hut circles. In two cases two huts are conjoined. The largest hut is 6.4 metres in diameter and the smallest 3.7 metres. The north-east sector of the enclosure appears lost amid a large clitter field but a possible continuation of the wall skirts around the north side of the clitter to make a complete circuit enclosing 1.4 hectares.


Probert, S., 2008, Follow-Up Works to Cramber Tor Archaeological Baseline Condition Survey, Dartmoor Training Area (Report - Survey). SDV351304.


Greeves, T., 2012, Cramber Tor Training Area. Monument Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV350251.


Probert, S. A. J., 2017, A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of the Cramber Tor Training Area, Devon, 2017 (Report - Survey). SDV360392.


Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, WLK-DT28 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 07/2019. The enclosure is generally covered in bracken. A small area inside the south edge and a larger area inside the north eastern edge remain bracken free. Photo taken


Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, WLK-DT28 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 07/2019. Photo taken showing the south part of the enclosure wall disappearing into the bracken inundation

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 68-70.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4353.
SDV232098Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950-1979. SX56NE20. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133237, 07/06/1993.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV348210Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2007. Cramber Tor Training Area Monument Baseline Condition Survey. English Heritage. A4 Bound.
SDV350251Report - Survey: Greeves, T.. 2012. Cramber Tor Training Area. Monument Condition Survey. Tom Greeves Report. A4 Stapled.
SDV351304Report - Survey: Probert, S.. 2008. Follow-Up Works to Cramber Tor Archaeological Baseline Condition Survey, Dartmoor Training Area. A4 Comb Bound.
SDV354588Report - Survey: Wessex Archaeology. 2002. Cramber Tor Training Area Rapid Condition Survey. Wessex Archaeology Report. Unknown.
SDV360392Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J.. 2017. A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of the Cramber Tor Training Area, Devon, 2017. A4 Comb Bound + Digital.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-DT28.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-DT28.

Associated Monuments

MDV126011Parent of: Conjoined hut in enclosure east of Combestone Tor (Monument)
MDV126012Parent of: Conjoined hut in enclosure east of Combestone Tor (Monument)
MDV126013Parent of: Conjoined hut in enclosure east of Combestone Tor (Monument)
MDV52387Parent of: Conjoined hut in enclosure east of Combestone Tor (Monument)
MDV126008Parent of: Hut in enclosure east of Combestone Tor (Monument)
MDV126009Parent of: Hut in enclosure east of Combestone Tor (Monument)
MDV126010Parent of: Hut in enclosure east of Combestone Tor (Monument)
MDV52386Parent of: Hut in enclosure east of Combestone Tor (Monument)
MDV52388Parent of: Hut in enclosure east of Combestone Tor (Monument)
MDV52389Parent of: Hut in enclosure east of Combestone Tor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7382 - Condition Survey of the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV6034 - Monument Condition Survey in Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV6152 - Follow-up Works to Threatened Sites in the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV6153 - Monument Baseline Condition Survey in the Cramber Tor Training Area

Date Last Edited:Aug 6 2019 5:11PM