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HER Number:MDV3375
Name:Cairn 170 metres north-east of Down Tor Stone Row

Summary

Stony round cairn, 17 metres in diameter and 1.5 metres high, in line with the stone row to the south-west. A quarry ditch around the mound is visible as a band of rushes on the northern side of the mound. The hollow in the centre of the mound is probably the result of partial robbing or an early excavation.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 591 694
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • MPP Archaeological Item Dataset: 130926
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/79
  • Old SAM County Ref: 382
  • Old SAM Ref: 24122
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX56NE31

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Tumulus marked.


Brent, F., 1883, On a group of prehistoric remains on Dartmoor, 218 (Article in Serial). SDV273189.


Worth, R. H., 1892, 14th Report of the Barrow Committee, 48 (Article in Serial). SDV237177.


Burnard, R., 1894, Dartmoor Pictorial Records. Plymouth, 69 (Monograph). SDV232119.


Worth, R. H., 1940, The Dartmoor Menhirs, 198 (Article in Serial). SDV231163.

Turf-covered cairn with a hollow centre standing approximately 200 metres on the terminal menhir of a stone row.


Worth, R. H., 1943, The Prehistoric Pounds of Dartmoor, 276 (Article in Serial). SDV320337.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, 1979, SX56NE31 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV232122.

Site visit 9th June 1950. Cairn. Diameter 17.0 metres, height 1.1 metres. Turf-covered with a hollow in the centre.
Site visit 2nd April 1979. A cairn of medium sized boulders with a fairly complete kerb. Diameter 17 metres, height 1.3 metres with a depression off-centre. The cairn is in alignment with the terminal stones of a stone row.


Worth, R. H., 1953, Dartmoor, 212 (Monograph). SDV231148.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 175 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Site visit 6th September 1972. Cairn to east of Down Tor. According to Burnard, in 1894 it showed 'traces of chambering'. Diameter 16.5 metres, height 1.2 metres.


Robinson, R., 1984, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984 (Un-published). SDV343082.

Department of Environment field monument warden visit 4th July 1984.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Site recorded.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP130926, 25/05/1993 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Cairn mound 17 metres in diameter and standing up to 1.5 metres high. A hollow cut into the core of the mound measures 4 metres by 3metres by 1.2 metres deep and the sides are partly revetted. This pit is probably the result of partial robbing or an early excavation, although the results of the investigation are not known. The edges of the mound are steep sided indicating the presence of a kerb, which survives largely as a buried feature. A ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the cairn, surrounds the mound. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a 1.5 metre wide band of rushes, on the north side of the mound, caused by increased moisture in the buried ditch. This cairn is in direct line with the 2 terminal stones at either end of the stone alignment to the south-west.


Newman, P., 2007, Cramber Tor Training Area Monument Baseline Condition Survey, No. 438589 (Report - Survey). SDV348210.

Site visit 1st August 2006. Stony round cairn at risk from disturbance by members of the public. Condition fair, status declining.
Stony round cairn, 17 metres diameter, 1.5 metres high with a hollow in the centre 4 metres by 3 metres and 1.2 metres deep which is probably the result of partial robbing or early excavation. The edges of the mound are steep-sided indicating the presence of a kerb which now survives mainly as a buried feature. A quarry ditch surrounds the mound visible as a 1.5 metres band of rushes on the northern side of the mound. The cain is in line with the stone row to the south-west.


Probert, S., 2008, Follow-Up Works to Cramber Tor Archaeological Baseline Condition Survey, Dartmoor Training Area, 15, No. 438589 (Report - Survey). SDV351304.

Large stony feature which is a magnet to visitors to the area. It has been subject to a number of disturbance episodes in the past and of particular note is the large hollow in the centre. Of particular concern, however, is a newly built stone pile on the north-eastern fringe of the cairn. It should be removed before it attracts more stones.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Cairn visible on aerial photograph, circa 13.5 metres diameter with a hollow in the middle.


Greeves, T., 2012, Cramber Tor Training Area. Monument Condition Survey, No. 438589 (Report - Survey). SDV350251.

Site visit 19th January 2012. Condition and stabililty good.


Probert, S., 2013, Cramber Tor Survey data (Cartographic). SDV361430.


Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Cairn marked.


Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, WLK-DT16 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 12/07/2019. The outer slope of the cairn is covered with grass and heather while the central rocks are mainly exposed Good condition overall. Photo taken


Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, WLK-DT16 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 12/07/2019. Photo taken showing the cairn looking north west


National Monument Record, 31/05/1978, SF1247 (Aerial Photograph). SDV232124.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV232119Monograph: Burnard, R.. 1894. Dartmoor Pictorial Records. Plymouth. Dartmoor Pictorial Records. Plymouth. IV. Unknown. 69.
SDV232124Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 31/05/1978. SF1247. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown.
SDV232122Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950, 1979. SX56NE31. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP130926, 25/05/1993.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV348210Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2007. Cramber Tor Training Area Monument Baseline Condition Survey. English Heritage. A4 Bound. No. 438589.
SDV351304Report - Survey: Probert, S.. 2008. Follow-Up Works to Cramber Tor Archaeological Baseline Condition Survey, Dartmoor Training Area. A4 Comb Bound. 15, No. 438589.
SDV350251Report - Survey: Greeves, T.. 2012. Cramber Tor Training Area. Monument Condition Survey. Tom Greeves Report. A4 Stapled. No. 438589.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 175.
SDV231163Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1940. The Dartmoor Menhirs. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 72. 198.
SDV237177Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1892. 14th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 24. Website. 48.
SDV231148Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1953. Dartmoor. Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 212.
SDV273189Article in Serial: Brent, F.. 1883. On a group of prehistoric remains on Dartmoor. Journal of the British Archaeological Association. 39. 218.
SDV320337Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1943. The Prehistoric Pounds of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 75. A5 Hardback. 276.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV343082Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1984. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV361430Cartographic: Probert, S.. 2013. Cramber Tor Survey data. GIS ShapeFile. Digital.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-DT16.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-DT16.

Associated Monuments

MDV3502Related to: Down Tor Stone Row, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3435Related to: Enclosure east of Down Tor, 740m north east of Combshead Tor (Monument)
MDV25104Related to: Trial pits on Walkhampton Common (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6034 - Monument Condition Survey in Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV6152 - Follow-up Works to Threatened Sites in the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV6153 - Monument Baseline Condition Survey in the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV7382 - Condition Survey of the Cramber Tor Training Area

Date Last Edited:Aug 6 2019 12:28PM