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HER Number:MDV3376
Name:Stone row, Drizzlecombe

Summary

This is the most northerly of the group of rows at Drizzlecombe (Worth's row 18); part of a cluster of Neolithic and Bronze Age ritual and settlement features including three stone alignments, at least 22 cairns, 5 enclosures and a large number of associated stone hut circles. The row is orientated approximately north-east by south-west and includes a 150m long, single row of two recumbent and 69 upright stones with an average height of 0.24m, although the blocking stone at the south-west end is much larger and stands up to 2.4m high. The spacing of the stones along the row averages 1.2m. A cairn denotes the upper end of the row and two further cairns lie within close proximity.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 591 670
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 NE 43
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/80
  • Old SAM County Ref: 462
  • Old SAM Ref: 24104
  • Pastscape: 438622

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. N., 1892, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor, 400-401 (Article in Serial). SDV237176.

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 434-5 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Tyler, F. C., 1930-1931, Kistvaens at Thornworthy and Stone Rows, 115-119 (Article in Serial). SDV251072.

This group of rows included in a discussion by Tyler on the orientation of stone rows.

Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 292-294 plate 35, Row No.18 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

The Drizzlecombe group is a planned group. Plan on plate 35, Worth, TDA Vol.78. Abreast of A on the plan is a standing stone. If a line be drawn from this stone to the northern most of the three barrows below the pound, one has a completely symmetrical collection of rows. There are three rows in the group each terminating in a barrow at its north-east end, and a menhir at its south-west end. Row B: a circled barrow is at the north-east end, and a menhir 2.87m long at the south-west end. Direction of length north 50 degrees - 30' east. The row is single throughout, except for one pair of stones next to the menhir. Row No.18.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56NE43 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV272588.

(31/05/1950) Stone row SX 5913 6698 to SX 5925 6708. Length 149.5m (centre of tumulus - menhir at south-western end). Average height of stone 0.5m. Correct as shown on the 6 inch Ordnance Survey mapping.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 168 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Emmett, D. D., 1979, Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered, 111 (Article in Serial). SDV251087.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1979, SX56NE43, Row (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV232037.

(31/01/1979) This stone row, the north westerly of the three at Drizzlecombe, is 146.2m long overall, or 150.3m if measured to the centre of the cairn at the north-east end. In addition to the terminal standing stone, there are 80 stones in the row (including the blocking stone at the north-east end) of which four stones are recumbent. The blocking stone, which is offset from the line of the row, is 1.1m long and 0.9m high.
The direction of the row is 53 degrees east of grid north. The row is single except for an apparent pair, mentioned by Worth, immediately adjacent to the standing stone, but the north-west stone of this pair is more likely to be in that position by chance. Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD and at 1:625 for AO Records

Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J., 1982, The Shaugh Moor Project: Fourth Report - Environment, Context and Conclusion, 254 (Article in Serial). SDV145845.

Cocks, J. S. + Greeves, T. + Lady Sayer, 1983, A Dartmoor Century 1883-1983, 386-4-9 (Monograph). SDV351365.

Robinson, R., 1984, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984 (Un-published). SDV343082.

Visited 17/02/1984.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on the 1946 Royal Air Force vertical aerial photographs.

Quinnell, N. V., 1988, Plan of the Drizzlecombe Stone Rows and associated features, Row 18 (Plan - measured). SDV232055.

Fleming, A., 1988, The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions, 97 105, figs 5, 60 (Monograph). SDV229071.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133414, 12/03/1993 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

This stone alignment forms part of a cluster of Neolithic and Bronze Age ritual and settlement features including three stone alignments, at least 22 cairns, 5 enclosures and a large number of associated stone hut circles.
This stone alignment is the northernmost of three examples lying in the triangle of land between Drizzle Combe and the River Plym and is situated on the lower slopes of a gentle south-west facing spur leading from Higher Hartor. The alignment is orientated approximately north-east by south-west and includes a 150m long, single row of two recumbent and 69 upright stones with an average height of 0.24m, although the blocking stone at the south-west end is much larger and stands up to 2.4m high. The spacing of the stones along the row averages 1.2m. A cairn denotes the upper end of the row and two further cairns lie within close proximity.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 135-6 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Devon Archaeological Society, 1995, The Drizzlecombe Stone Rows (Leaflet). SDV272662.

Department of National Heritage, 1996, Consent letter (Correspondence). SDV232057.

(10/4/1996) Consent granted for works concerning erosion repairs.

Fletcher, M. + Newman, P. + Probert, S., 1999, Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor areas in the Plym Valley, West Devon (Report - Survey). SDV346268.

(21/08/1999) The stone row and the cairn are as described and depicted on a large scale plan by Quinnell (1995). In recent years a number of portable boulders have been inserted into some of the gaps in the row - presumably by visitors.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

Visited 05/02/2020. Overall condition good. Photo x4 taken.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Stone row visible on aerial photograph.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, UP-DZ 21 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Photo 1: View looking 220° showing animal scrapes at bases of the two stones at the NE end of the row. Photo 2: View looking 070° showing grass/moss cover with bracken against stones along NE part of row. Photo 3: View looking 250° showing grass/moss and tussocky grass cover along SW part of row. Photo 4: View looking 080° showing animal scrape and reeds round base of menhir.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, UP-DZ 21 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 135-6.
SDV145845Article in Serial: Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J.. 1982. The Shaugh Moor Project: Fourth Report - Environment, Context and Conclusion. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 48. A4 Bound. 254.
SDV229071Monograph: Fleming, A.. 1988. The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions. The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions. Hardback Volume. 97 105, figs 5, 60.
SDV232037Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SX56NE43. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown. Row.
SDV232055Plan - measured: Quinnell, N. V.. 1988. Plan of the Drizzlecombe Stone Rows and associated features. 1:250. Digital. Row 18.
SDV232057Correspondence: Department of National Heritage. 1996. Consent letter. Scheduled Monument Consent Letter.
SDV237176Article in Serial: Worth, R. N.. 1892. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 24. Digital. 400-401.
SDV251072Article in Serial: Tyler, F. C.. 1930-1931. Kistvaens at Thornworthy and Stone Rows. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 16. 115-119.
SDV251087Article in Serial: Emmett, D. D.. 1979. Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 111.
SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 292-294 plate 35, Row No.18.
SDV272588Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56NE43. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV272662Leaflet: Devon Archaeological Society. 1995. The Drizzlecombe Stone Rows. Field Guide. 11. Leaflet.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 168.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133414, 12/03/1993.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 434-5.
SDV343082Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1984. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV346268Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Newman, P. + Probert, S.. 1999. Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor areas in the Plym Valley, West Devon. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A4 Comb Bound.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV351365Monograph: Cocks, J. S. + Greeves, T. + Lady Sayer. 1983. A Dartmoor Century 1883-1983. A Dartmoor Century 1883-1983. Paperback Volume. 386-4-9.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UP-DZ 21.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UP-DZ 21.

Associated Monuments

MDV14772Related to: Cairn at the end of row, Drizzlecombe (Monument)
MDV3329Related to: Cairn in Drizzlecombe group (Monument)
MDV3377Related to: Standing stone at Drizzlecombe (Monument)
MDV14776Related to: Stone Row, Drizzlecombe (Monument)
MDV14777Related to: Stone Row, Drizzlecombe (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey
  • EDV4966 - Survey of Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor

Date Last Edited:Feb 13 2020 10:05AM