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HER Number:MDV3405
Name:Vermin trap 700 metres east-north-east of Trowlesworthy Warren House

Summary

The vermin trap includes two lengths of drystone wall forming a `V'-shaped trap pointing towards the leat. The position of the trap suggests that it was designed to capture vermin using the leat for access into the warren. The trapping area no longer survives above the ground surface but would have originally been sited at the point where the two lengths of walling meet. The drystone walls average 0.8m wide by 0.5m high, whilst the western arm is 12m long and the eastern arm is 4.5m long.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 574 650
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/240/4

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • VERMIN TRAP (XVIII to XXI - 1751 AD to 2009 AD (Between))

Full description

Cook, R. M. L., 1964, Old vermin traps on south-west Dartmoor, 200 (Article in Serial). SDV230549.

Trowlesworthy Warren. Site 23. Wall type 3a. Fair condition, walls only. Left bank of leat 265 metres south-west of Spanish Lake Foot.


Haynes, R. G., 1970, Vermin Traps and Rabbit Warrens on Dartmoor, 158 (Article in Serial). SDV166302.

Probably Haynes' vermin trap number (SX57406500). Strongly built trap amongst clitter, based on a large boulder at the water's edge.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible 1946 Royal Air Force vertical aerial photographs.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140332, 16/3/1995 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Vermin trap forming part of Trowlesworthy Warren. Includes two lengths of drystone wall forming a V-shaped trap pointing towards the leat. The position of the trap suggests that it was designed to capture vermin using the leat for access into the warren. The trapping area no longer survives above the ground surface but would have originally been sited at the point where the two lengths of walling meet. The drystone walls measure up to 1 metre wide by 0.5 metres high and are composed of large orthostats filled between with rubble. The eastern arm is 8 metres long, whilst the western one is 7.7 metres long and terminates by a large earthfast boulder.


Pye, A., 1992, Archaeological Watching Brief on the ECC Lee Moor works leat corridoor in the Upper Plym Valley, 8 (Report - Watching Brief). SDV165953.


National Trust and English Heritage, 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape, Page 100, number 102.413 (Report - non-specific). SDV166309.

SX5740 6504. V-shaped funnel walls of a vermin trap set against and pointing towards south side of Lee Moor China Clay Works Leat on a gentle north-west facing slope. The substantial walls are composed of coursed boulders. Dimensions: Length of west arm 9.50 metres; length of east arm 7 metres by 1.5 metres wide and 0.50 metres high.


Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

Depicted on map.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Trap visible on the aerial photography.


English Heritage, 2015, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV357602.

This monument includes a vermin trap adjacent to the Lee Moor China Clay Works leat and lying on a gentle north west facing slope overlooking the River Plym.
The vermin trap includes two lengths of drystone wall forming a `V'-shaped trap pointing towards the leat. The position of the trap suggests that it was designed to capture vermin using the leat for access into the warren. The trapping area no longer survives above the ground surface but would have originally been sited at the point where the two lengths of walling meet. The drystone walls average 0.8m wide by 0.5m high, whilst the western arm is 12m long and the eastern arm is 4.5m long.
Vermin approaching their quarry tend to seek a route that provides visual cover and the purpose of a trap was to funnel predators along ditches or beside walls to a central point where they could be trapped.


Ridgers, H. + Ridgers, C., 2015, Of Varments and Vermin Traps, page 4, site 35 (Report - Assessment). SDV358632.

SX57400 65040. Strong V-shaped walls ending on large boulder by leat. No evidence of trap.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV165953Report - Watching Brief: Pye, A.. 1992. Archaeological Watching Brief on the ECC Lee Moor works leat corridoor in the Upper Plym Valley. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 92.60. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. 8.
SDV166302Article in Serial: Haynes, R. G.. 1970. Vermin Traps and Rabbit Warrens on Dartmoor. Post-Medieval Archaeology. 4. A4 Bound. 158.
SDV166309Report - non-specific: National Trust and English Heritage. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape. National Trust Archaeological Survey Report. 102.130. A4 Comb Bound. Page 100, number 102.413.
SDV230549Article in Serial: Cook, R. M. L.. 1964. Old vermin traps on south-west Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 96. 200.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140332, 16/3/1995.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #88182 ]
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV357602National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2015. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV358632Report - Assessment: Ridgers, H. + Ridgers, C.. 2015. Of Varments and Vermin Traps. A4 Comb Bound. page 4, site 35.

Associated Monuments

MDV55276Related to: Animal run 830 metres north-east of Trowlesworthy Warren House (Monument)
MDV28522Related to: Unenclosed hut circle settlement 760 metres north-east of Trowlesworthy Warren House (Monument)
MDV3404Related to: Vermin trap 730 metres east-north-east of Trowlesworthy Warren House (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7369 - Survey of Granite Loading Bays at Trowlesworthy, Devon
  • EDV7380 - Watching brief on the Lee Moor China Clay Leat (Ref: 92.60)

Date Last Edited:Dec 15 2015 4:00PM