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HER Number:MDV3427
Name:Hut circle settlement 820 metres west-south-west of Nun's Cross

Summary

Agglomerate enclosure straddling a shallow north-facing valley overlooking Newleycombe Lake. Composed of three conjoined enclosures defined by a partly faced rubble wall measuring 1.5 metres wide and up to 0.5 metres high. Interior of the southern enclosure measures 80 metres north-south by 90 metres east-west and the north-west enclosure, which is sub-triangular in shape, measures 44 metres north-south by 37 metres east-west. The original dimensions of the third enclosure are no longer discernible following later tin streamworking which has removed part of its extent. There are three gaps in the boundary which may represent original entrances, though it is possible that they may be the result of limited post-medieval stone robbing.
Three stone hut circles lie within the largest enclosure, three further examples are attached to the inner face of the boundary and one is linked to the same wall. Another hut is linked to the sub-triangular enclosure boundary wall.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 596 698
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56NE107
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 438806
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/123
  • Old SAM County Ref: 827
  • Old SAM Ref: 24123

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV252553.

Vis=22/9/1970 (ancient monuments) pound and hut circles at head of newleycombe lake. Three pounds and 11 hut circles. The pound is subrectangular and is approx 119m across. The pound encloses 5 hut circles with diameters of 4.5m - 8.25m.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1970, SX56NE107 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV252550.

(14/08/1970) (Centred SX 595698) Two prehistoric pounds with a number of hut circles (small, probably Bronze Age) on the hillside south of the stream at the head of Newlycombe Lake. (See Illustrations Card).
They are threatened by a proposal to tunnel under the hillside in connection with the Swincombe reservoir scheme (oral info from Lady S. sayer, 25/07/1970).
The second prehistoric pound, which is centred at SX5966469822, is larger and more complex than the first. It straddles a shallow north-facing valley and has a small enclosure on its north-west side which atops the westerly valley slope.
The main enclosure is vaguely circular being 85.0 metres in diameter, formed by a partly single and partly double wall 0.5 metres high. There is an extension wall to the north 22.0 metres long which probably originally extended to the river, but has since been partly destroyed by tin workings. There are a number of large breaks in the boundary wall; some are modern, but those at SX 5963069830 and SX 5965769839 may be original; (the latter on the valley floor gives access to the river). Another possibly original break is at SX 5962069799 beside a hut circle.
There are seven hut circles within the main enclosure and an eighth 10.0 metres outside the wall to the south. This latter circle is a 4.5 metre diameter double stone wall 0.5 metres high with a north-east entrance-gap, but with no door-posts. Four of the hut circles at SX 5964069836, SX 5970269833, SX 5967169813 and SX 5966269764 are 5.0 metres in diameter with double stone walls 0.5 metres high and south to south-east facing entrances. The circle at SX 5967169813 has one remaining door-post. The other three hut circles are approximately 4.0 metres in diameter and 0.3 metres high with south to south-east entrances.
The small enclosure to the west is sub-traingular and is defined by a single stone perimeter 40.0 metres long and 30.0 metres wide. The entrance appears to have been at SX 5962669831, with a possible second at SX 5965869846. The only hut circle in this enclosure is at SX 5962369867 and is 4.5 metres in diameter and 0.5 metres high with an entrance-gap in the south side.
Surveyed at 1:10,560 and 1:1250. See illustration card.

Hemery, E., 1983, High Dartmoor, 138-9 (Monograph). SDV249702.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133255, 19/5/1993 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(SX59596985) Agglomerate enclosure straddling a shallow north-facing valley overlooking Newleycombe Lake. Composed of three conjoined enclosures defined by a partly faced rubble wall measuring 1.5 metres wide and up to 0.5 metres high.
Interior of the southern enclosure measures 80 metres north-south by 90 metres east-west and the north-west enclosure, which is sub-triangular in shape, measures 44 metres north-south by 37 metres east-west. The original dimensions of the third enclosure are no longer discernible following later tin streamworking which has removed part of its extent. There are three gaps in the boundary which may represent original entrances, though it is possible that they may be the result of limited post-medieval stone robbing.
Three stone hut circles lie within the largest enclosure, three further examples are attached to the inner face of the boundary and one is linked to the same wall. Another hut is linked to the sub-triangular enclosure boundary wall.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 64-65, 199 (Monograph). SDV137656.

A pair of thin-walled enclosures near the junction of the first major left bank tributary ... The larger enclosure, A, was laid out around a natural hollow in the hillside ... but streamworks have caused some loss of the lower part. Also attributed to the tinners is the leat ... winding across the interior and the isolated bury within the lower part of the enclosure. Ten heather covered huts all of similar size (3.4 - 4.3m) can be identified.
Double enclosure, B, a fairly exact circle 48m across on a comparatively steep slope. The feebly constructed boundary wall ... surrounds five huts (2.5 - 3.2m). A larger building (5.0m) occupies the separate enclosure uphill.
North of the stream four heather-covered hut circles (3.2 - 5.5m) can be identified amongst the tinners' excavations.

Wessex Archaeology, 2002, Cramber Tor Training Area Rapid Condition Survey, WA161 (Report - Survey). SDV354588.

Cramber Tor Survey 2002, Site WA161.

Newman, P., 2006, Cramber Tor Training Area Archaeological Field Investigation (Report - Survey). SDV233640.

(01/08/2006) Large Enclosure centred at SX 5965 6980 An enclosed, prehistoric settlement containing seven Hut Circles with an additional three Hut Circles situated outside of the enclosure wall to the southeast. Placed on a gentle, north facing slope within a natural hollow it is 85 m in diameter and is located directly south of Drivage Bottom Stream. Attached to the north side of the enclosure is what appears to be a smaller, sub triangular enclosure containing one Hut Circle. At the conjunction of these two enclosures is the remains of an unlikely Hut Circle, a circular mound with a central pit, which bears more resemblance to a disturbed cairn. Another stretch of walling located to the northeast of the large enclosure and the east of the smaller enclosure may indicate a further enclosure. Cut through the centre of the settlement is a leat, which measures 0.8 m wide and 0.1 m deep. See related records for hut details.

Newman, P., 2007, Cramber Tor Training Area Monument Baseline Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV348210.

Probert, S., 2008, Follow-Up Works to Cramber Tor Archaeological Baseline Condition Survey, Dartmoor Training Area (Report - Survey). SDV351304.

Greeves, T., 2012, Cramber Tor Training Area. Monument Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV350251.

Probert, S., 2013, Cramber Tor Survey data (Cartographic). SDV361430.

Probert, S. A. J., 2017, A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of the Cramber Tor Training Area, Devon, 2017 (Report - Survey). SDV360392.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, WLK-DT19 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 12/07/2019. The enclosure is generally covered with tussock grass with an "avenue" of close cropped grass running across it roughly north to south. Overall condition good

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 64-65, 199.
SDV233640Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2006. Cramber Tor Training Area Archaeological Field Investigation. English Heritage.
SDV249702Monograph: Hemery, E.. 1983. High Dartmoor. High Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 138-9.
SDV252550Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1970. SX56NE107. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV252553Migrated Record:
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133255, 19/5/1993.
SDV348210Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2007. Cramber Tor Training Area Monument Baseline Condition Survey. English Heritage. A4 Bound.
SDV350251Report - Survey: Greeves, T.. 2012. Cramber Tor Training Area. Monument Condition Survey. Tom Greeves Report. A4 Stapled.
SDV351304Report - Survey: Probert, S.. 2008. Follow-Up Works to Cramber Tor Archaeological Baseline Condition Survey, Dartmoor Training Area. A4 Comb Bound.
SDV354588Report - Survey: Wessex Archaeology. 2002. Cramber Tor Training Area Rapid Condition Survey. Wessex Archaeology Report. Unknown. WA161.
SDV360392Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J.. 2017. A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of the Cramber Tor Training Area, Devon, 2017. A4 Comb Bound + Digital.
SDV361430Cartographic: Probert, S.. 2013. Cramber Tor Survey data. GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #118087 ]
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-DT19.

Associated Monuments

MDV52390Parent of: Hut in settlement 820 metres west-south-west of Nun's Cross (Monument)
MDV52391Parent of: Hut in settlement 820 metres west-south-west of Nun's Cross (Monument)
MDV52394Parent of: Hut in settlement 820 metres west-south-west of Nun's Cross (Monument)
MDV52395Parent of: Hut in settlement 820 metres west-south-west of Nun's Cross (Monument)
MDV52396Parent of: Hut in settlement 820 metres west-south-west of Nun's Cross (Monument)
MDV52397Parent of: Hut in settlement 820 metres west-south-west of Nun's Cross (Monument)
MDV52398Parent of: Hut in settlement 820 metres west-south-west of Nun's Cross (Monument)
MDV52399Parent of: Hut in settlement 820 metres west-south-west of Nun's Cross (Monument)
MDV52392Parent of: Hut south of settlement 820 metres west-south-west of Nun's Cross (Monument)
MDV52400Parent of: Hut south of settlement 820 metres west-south-west of Nun's Cross (Monument)
MDV130960Parent of: Hut south-east of enclosure west of Nun's Cross (Monument)
MDV52393Related to: Cairn in settlement 820 metres west-south-west of Nun's Cross (Monument)
MDV3429Related to: Enclosed hut circle settlement 940 metres west-south-west of Nun's Cross (Monument)
MDV52401Related to: Pillow mound in hut settlement 820 metres west-south-west of Nun's Cross (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7382 - Condition Survey of the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV6034 - Monument Condition Survey in Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV6152 - Follow-up Works to Threatened Sites in the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV6153 - Monument Baseline Condition Survey in the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV8351 - Walkhampton Premier Archaeological Landscape; Field Investigation Project
  • EDV8711 - Condition Survey of the Cramber Tor Training Area

Date Last Edited:Sep 7 2021 9:02AM