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HER Number:MDV3428
Name:Longhouse at Shavercombe deserted farm, Shaugh Prior

Summary

A sub-divided longhouse set within an enclosure. The two rooms measure 4.3 metres by 3.5 metres and 11.9 metres by 3.5 metres internally; there is evidence of military disturbance within the lower room.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 591 663
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 NE 129
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/124/1
  • Old SAM Ref: 24230(P)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LONGHOUSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1948, RAF/CPE/UK/2494, 3129-30 (Aerial Photograph). SDV147533.


Royal Air Force, 1953, RAF/58/1110, 0040 (Aerial Photograph). SDV142083.


Linehan, C. D., 1965, Deserted Sites on Dartmoor, Devon, 175 (Article in Serial). SDV217992.

Shavercombe. House with upper room; within enclosures which include hut circles; all in extensive field system.


Linehan, C. D., 1966, Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon, Table 2 / plan (Article in Serial). SDV307246.


Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor, 123, Visited 8/10/1966 (Un-published). SDV150434.

A two room longhouse, with enclosure running south-west from Shavercombe Brook. Some suggestion of a porch or lean to.


Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1979, Field Investigator's Comments - Shavercombe Farm (Report - Survey). SDV156491.

A sub-divided longhouse type building was recorded at SX 59196635. Internally it measures 18.4 metres by 3.8 metres; the walling being 1.0 metres wide and 0.9 metres high. The building is in poor condition and no entrance is visible.


Price, D. G., 1980, The Moorland Plym, 86 fig.2b (Article in Serial). SDV254604.

Possibly the home of a farm labourer.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140484, 1995 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

The longhouse survives as a rectangular 2-roomed building terraced into the hillslope. The lower room (byre) is the largest, measures 10.8 metres by 3.5 metres and is defined by a 1 metre wide drystone rubble wall standing up to 0.8 metres high. At the western end of the byre are a number of large granite blocks and several barbed wire entanglement stanchions which were dumped here after military training had ceased within the vicinity. The upper room, which represents the domestic accommodation measures 4.7 metres by 3.5 metres. The doorway leading between these two rooms survives as a gap at the north-east end of the partition wall. A gap midway along the south wall of the long house represents the site of a doorway, which was probably originally one of two opposing entrances. The doorway through the north wall is no longer visible at ground level and may have been blocked. Earthworks south of the eastern part of the building may represent the site of a 2-roomed outshut. The east room measures 3 metres by 2.5 metres, whilst the other is 2.5 metres by 2 metres, and both are defined by a 1.2 metre wide bank standing up to 0.8 metres high.
A roadway defined by rubble banks leads northward from the long house and immediately west of this is a triangular shaped garden measuring 15.5 metres long by 15 metres wide.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 123-4; Map 49 (Monograph). SDV137656.


National Trust and English Heritage, 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape, 271-2/102.975. (Report - non-specific). SDV166309.


Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey, 28/02/2002 (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

SX59186637 A sub-divided longhouse built into a north-west - facing hillslope is set within an enclosure. The two rooms measure 4.3 metres by 3.5 metres and 11.9 metres by 3.5 metres internally; there is evidence of military disturbance within the lower room. The walling is 1.0 metre wide and 0.7 metres high and tumbled material lies against each face. Traces of opposing entrances in the long sides are visible as slight gaps. At SX59186636 attached to the west side is a small structure which measures 3.5 metres square internally. The enclosure has been disturbed by desultory digging including military slit trenches and there are traces of walling which sub divide the area.
A small enclosure at SX59216635 to the south of the longhouse with a square trench cut into it may be of military origin.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

Longhouse is depicted on the modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 123-4; Map 49.
SDV142083Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1953. RAF/58/1110. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. 0040.
SDV147533Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1948. RAF/CPE/UK/2494. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3129-30.
SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital. 123, Visited 8/10/1966.
SDV156491Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1979. Field Investigator's Comments - Shavercombe Farm. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. Unknown.
SDV166309Report - non-specific: National Trust and English Heritage. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape. National Trust Archaeological Survey Report. 102.130. A4 Comb Bound. 271-2/102.975..
SDV217992Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1965. Deserted Sites on Dartmoor, Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 97. A5 Hardback. 175.
SDV254604Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1980. The Moorland Plym. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 112. 86 fig.2b.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140484, 1995.
SDV307246Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1966. Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon. Medieval Archaeology. 10. Digital. Table 2 / plan.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown. 28/02/2002.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #88257 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV55493Part of: Shavercombe deserted settlement, Shaugh Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Apr 22 2016 3:44PM