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HER Number:MDV3430
Name:Hentor Warren Farm

Summary

Hentor farmstead is thought to have Medieval origins although most of the visible features are probably of post-Medieval date. The farmstead is delimited on the north by the farmhouse and other buildings, on the west and south by a 1m wide and 0.4m high stone wall, and on the east by the Phillips Leat which probably overlies an earlier leat.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 590 656
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/126
  • Old SAM Ref: 24230(P)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMSTEAD (Early Medieval to XIX - 1066 AD to 1830 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1953, RAF/58/1110, 1110.0040 (Aerial Photograph). SDV142083.

Linehan, C. D., 1965, Deserted Sites on Dartmoor, Devon, 174 (Article in Serial). SDV217992.

Hentor Warren. Extensive ruins; two buildings and remains of earlier walls; another building nearby with yards, crofts and enclosures in boggy ground; two other buildings west of this group, one inside and one outside the boundary fence of the enclosure.

Linehan, C. D., 1966, Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon, 124-5 (Article in Serial). SDV307246.

Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor, 45,plans (Un-published). SDV150434.

(Visited 08/10/1966) A strongly built farmhouse of dry stone. Granite trough is visible in the yard. Probably abandoned c.1830. A lease was renewed in 1807. The clayworks leat damages one building and it was opened in 1835. The house is not on 1842 Tithe Map.

Haynes, R. G., 1970, Vermin Traps and Rabbit Warrens on Dartmoor, 159 (Article in Serial). SDV166302.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1979, SX56NE128 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV162487.

(13/03/1979) The remains of Hentor Warren House and accompanying buildings. According to R. J. Haynes, the warren house itself is a longhouse. It and two outbuildings are in good condition. At SX 5908 6562 are the scant remains of another longhouse - possibly an earlier building on the site. The fields are to the south of the farm, and seem to incorporate prehistoric field walls. Two pillow mounds in the fields.The remains of Hentor Warren House and accompanying buildings. According to R. J. Haynes, the warren house itself is a longhouse. It and two outbuildings are in good condition. At SX 5908 6562 are the scant remains of another longhouse - possibly an earlier building on the site. The fields are to the south of the farm, and seem to incorporate prehistoric field walls. Two pillow mounds in the fields.

Price, D. G., 1980, The Moorland Plym, 81-86 fig. 2a (Article in Serial). SDV254604.

Hentor Warren house had three rooms, the southernmost having two niches or cupboards. Of drystone construction. Outbuildings included a long narrow structure with a dividing wall, adjoining on south, its purpose not known. Another small building could have been a doghouse. Also what was possibly a loading platform. In use till early 19th century, its relatively longer survival perhaps due to income being supplemented by warrening.

National Monuments Record, 1983, NMR SF2134, 53 (Aerial Photograph). SDV238551.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

L-shaped farmstead connected to large field system crf:SX56NE/385 visible (aerial photo evidence) on the north facing slope of Hentor Warren, and to small field system crf:SX56NE/379 on western slope of the down.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140435, 18/05/1995 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Hentor farmstead is thought to have Medieval origins although most of the visible features are probably of post Medieval date. The farmstead forms the focal point of the field systems in this area and these cover approximately 101 hectares to the north, west and south. The farmstead is delimited on the north by the farmhouse and other buildings, on the west and south by a 1m wide and 0.4m high stone wall, and on the east by the Phillips Leat which probably overlies an earlier leat.
The earliest reference to the settlement, in the form of Hyndetorr dates to 1375. Its post Medieval use is well documented though there is no evidence of continuous occupation from the 14th century. It was still in use during the Napoleonic wars when Peter Nicholls cultivated broad rig. At some unknown date the farmstead became associated with pastoral farming. It may be assumed that warrening began after cultivation had ceased, as some pillow mounds are situated within fields. Hentor Warren, was established at least by 1807. The house was finally abandoned in the 1820's or 1830's.
It is known that the water supply to the farm was carried in a leat from Shavercombe Brook and although this leat no longer survives it is very likely that the later Phillips Leat which passes immediately upslope of the farmstead follows the same course.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 233-42/102.910 (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV142083Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1953. RAF/58/1110. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. 1110.0040.
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 233-42/102.910.
SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital. 45,plans.
SDV162487Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SX56NE128. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV166302Article in Serial: Haynes, R. G.. 1970. Vermin Traps and Rabbit Warrens on Dartmoor. Post-Medieval Archaeology. 4. A4 Bound + digital. 159.
SDV217992Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1965. Deserted Sites on Dartmoor, Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 97. A5 Hardback. 174.
SDV238551Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1983. NMR SF2134. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 53.
SDV254604Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1980. The Moorland Plym. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 112. 81-86 fig. 2a.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140435, 18/05/1995.
SDV307246Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1966. Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon. Medieval Archaeology. 10. Digital. 124-5.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.

Associated Monuments

MDV55433Parent of: Hentor House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV25259Related to: Field system around Hentor Farm (Monument)
MDV25260Related to: Ruined building adjacent to leat south of Hentor Farm (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey

Date Last Edited:Oct 15 2019 1:49PM