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HER Number:MDV3431
Name:Willings Walls deserted medieval settlement

Summary

This deserted Medieval site consists of one building and three adjoining enclosures, and lies within the remains of a Bronze Age enclosed settlement. The rectangular building, 6.2m by 3.8m internally has coursed boulder walls, 0.7m thick and 1.1m high, with an entrance in the centre of the south west side, and a probable 'lean-to' 3.5m by 2m externally, to the north west of the entrance. It is surrounded by three yards.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 579 657
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 NE 131
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/127
  • Old SAM County Ref: 492
  • Old SAM Ref: 10693
  • Pastscape: 438870

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • DESERTED SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1953, RAF/58/1110, 0038 (Aerial Photograph). SDV142083.

Linehan, C. D., 1965, Deserted Sites on Dartmoor, Devon, 174-175 (Article in Serial). SDV217992.

Willings Walls. House in small rectangular court within enclosed hut circle group. Measures 8.5m x 3.3m.

Linehan, C. D., 1966, Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon, 124-5 (Article in Serial). SDV307246.

Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor, 156 (Un-published). SDV150434.

Worth, R. H., 1967, Worth's Dartmoor, 154 (Monograph). SDV337618.

A shepherd's house.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX56NE131 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV162513.

(24/06/1977) SX 5790 6577 This deserted Medieval site consists of one building and three adjoining enclosures, and lies within the remains of a Bronze Age enclosed settlement, (SX 56 NE 71). It is on a gentle slope at the north west end of a ridge at 265m above OD.
The rectangular building, 6.2m by 3.8m internally has coursed boulder walls, 0.7m thick and 1.1m high, with an entrance in the centre of the south-west side, and a probable 'lean-to' 3.5m by 2m externally, to the north-west of the entrance.
It is surrounded by 3 yards;
A, rectangular, 16m by 7m with a possible entrance to south-east;
B, irregular in shape, 15m by 10m, utilises prehistoric walls;
C, partly rectangular, about 25m by 10m, utilises prehistoric walls and has an entrance to the north. 1:10 000 survey revised on AO model. Enlargement survey at 1:5000 scale.

Price, D. G., 1980, The Moorland Plym, 86, fig.2c (Article in Serial). SDV254604.

National Monuments Record, 1983, SF2134, 56, 55 (Aerial Photograph). SDV231262.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

(04/04/2002) Centred SX 5790 6577. The building and adjoining enclosure are as described by the Ordnance Survey in 1977. This Medieval or later reoccupation of an earlier settlement has had an effect on the latter. The enclosures belonging to the settlement were reused and largely cleared of surface stone, the debris being placed into the former hut circles and several clearance cairns were constructed on the northern fringes of the site. Two rectangular structures at SX 5784 6582 and SX 5789 6581 lie adjacent to the earlier walls and hut circles but may be products of this later period.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, UPHT-21 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

(16/12/2019) Condition assessed as good, although vegetation encroachment is threatening site. Site description from HER is accurate, clearly defined building remains of the farmstead, enclosures and hut circles identified. No signs of recent collapse of remaining walls or deterioration of site. Due to remoteness of area rarely visited by walkers, area is lightly grazed. A dozen small scattered patches of reeds within enclosures and one larger reed clump approximately 5.0 by 3.0m near building remains (see photographs).

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photographs taken during December 2019 visit.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV142083Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1953. RAF/58/1110. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. 0038.
SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital. 156.
SDV162513Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX56NE131. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV217992Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1965. Deserted Sites on Dartmoor, Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 97. A5 Hardback. 174-175.
SDV231262Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1983. SF2134. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 56, 55.
SDV254604Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1980. The Moorland Plym. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 112. 86, fig.2c.
SDV307246Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1966. Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon. Medieval Archaeology. 10. Digital. 124-5.
SDV337618Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1967. Worth's Dartmoor. Worth's Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 154.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UPHT-21.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV62537Related to: Enclosure A in settlement at Willings Walls Warren (Monument)
MDV62540Related to: Enclosure D in settlement at Willings Walls Warren (Monument)
MDV62541Related to: Enclosure E in settlement at Willings Walls Warren (Monument)
MDV24934Related to: Rectangular structure in settlement south-west of Ditsworthy Clam (Building)
MDV3343Related to: Settlement (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey

Date Last Edited:Nov 17 2020 10:03AM