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HER Number:MDV3432
Name:Nosworthy Stamping Mill, Walkhampton

Summary

Nosworthy Stamping Mill on the east bank of the River Meavy with at least 11 mortar stones and a dressing floor to the south

Location

Grid Reference:SX 567 695
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/128
  • Old SAM County Ref: 838
  • Old SAM Ref: 22400

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STAMPING MILL (XVIII to XIX - 1750 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1929, Stray Notes on Dartmoor Tin-Working. Part 2, 402-3 (Article in Serial). SDV357076.


Worth, R. H., 1933, Thirty-ninth report on Scientific Memoranda, 311-4, Figure 13, Plates 27-30 (Article in Serial). SDV338049.

Blowing houses in the valleys of the Sheepstor Brook, the Meavy, the Erme and the Avon.


Worth, R. H., 1940, The Dartmoor Blowing House, 224 (Article in Serial). SDV154693.

Nosworthy stamping mill. Left bank of the Meavy. The leat can still be traced. No mould stones have been found, but there are at least 11 mortar stones, one of which has 4 mortars, two on each of two adjacent faces. Some of the mortarstones have been diverted for use as bearings for small iron axles, probably in connection with the bellows. There are two slotted stones; neither stone is a finished product, nor are they likely to have been connected with the tin trade. Similar to stones that took the ends of beams bearing the footstep of the upper mill stones in old flour and grist mills, and were probably intended for such use when it was decided to convert this building into a grist mill.


Worth, R. H., 1946, Fifty-first Report of Scientific Memoranda: Archaeology, 282 (Article in Serial). SDV350164.

Dartmoor blowing houses (supplement).


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1952, SX 56 NE 7, SX56NE7 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV250461.

Site visited on 29th August 1980. Remains of Blowing house. Interior is 5.2 metres by 3.6 metres, within undressed drystone walling 0.8 metres wide and 1.1 metres high on west, and up to 1.8 metres high against river cliff on east. Little other walling remains. Inside are 6 mortar stones and 2 pieces of mould stone with a further mortar stone visible in the river. No evidence of the leat.


Greeves, T. A. P., 1981, List of Known Devon Tin Mills c1450 - c1750, No 60 (Report - non-specific). SDV319826.


Robinson, R., 1984, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984 (Un-published). SDV343082.

Department of Environment Field Monument Warden site visit 6th April 1984.


Greeves, T. + Robinson, R., 1984, Norsworthy Left Bank Stamping Mill (Report - Survey). SDV250470.

Site surveyed at 1:100 on 7th December 1984. Plans in possession of T. Greeves.


Newman, P., 1987, The Moorland Meavy - a Tinner's Landscape, 228, Figure 2 (Article in Serial). SDV231207.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 152443. (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 25th February 2000. Stamping mill 240 metres north of Nosworthy Bridge. Walls of the mill are of drystone construction and up to 1.7 metres high. All mortar stones created by the use of double stamps. In one face the stone has been shifted resulting in the production of 4 hollows. One mortar stone has 2 hollows, as well as as 3 axle bearings along the south-west edge, with another on the north-east side. Also on the north-east side of this stone are 2 more mortar hollows and a rectangular cut socket which is probably later. In the north corner of the building is a further stone with a rectangular slot cut out on one edge. The 3rd socket stone is 0.92 metres long, at least 0.4 metres wide and at least 0.34 metres thick. The slot is cut into the upper face and is 0.55 metres long, up to 0.1 metres wide and 0.09 metres deep. A rectangular stone south-east of the mill bears wedge and groove working marks. Within the mill there is no vegetation, just leaves and exposed ground. Large deciduous trees around.


Gerrard, S., 1996, The Early South-Western Tin Industry: An Archaeological View, 67-83 (Article in Serial). SDV337901.


Bodman, M., 1998, Water-Powered Sites in Devon, 23, 41 (Report - non-specific). SDV305931.


Whitbourn, A., 2001, An Archaeological Investigation into features comprising, and associated with, Ditsworthy Warren, 82, Appendix 4 (Report - Assessment). SDV360381.

Norsworthy Blowing House.


Ordnance Survey, 2018, MasterMap 2018 (Cartographic). SDV360652.

'Blowing House (remains of)' shown on modern mapping.


Historic England, 2018, National Heritage List for England, 1019583 (National Heritage List for England). SDV360653.

The monument, which falls into two areas of protection, includes two stamping mills together with their leats, a dressing floor and part of a tinwork situated on either side of the River Meavy. The northern stamping mill includes a sub-rectangular building measuring 7.3 metres long by 3.7 metres wide denoted by a substantial drystone wall standing up to 1.7 metres high. Within the mill are at least six mortar stones, one of which has been reused at least four times as an axle bearing stone. Some of the mortar stones have more than two hollows indicating that they have been reused. The pattern of hollows on the stones indicates that double stamps were used within this mill. Two stones within the building have rectangular sockets cut into one side, whilst a third stone has a complete rectangular slot cut into its upper face. These types of stone are known from grist and crazing mills, where they are considered to have formed part of the support for the machinery. It is therefore possible that this building was also at one time used for crushing tin using horizontally rotating stones. The water supply to power the machinery within the mill was provided by a leat carrying water from the nearby River Meavy and this can be traced leading 90 metres northward from the building. The floor where the crushed tin was dressed lies south of the mill, and within this area four rectangular hollows probably represent the remains of buddles.


National Monument Record, 2018, Pastscape, 438513, SX56NE7 (Website). SDV360651.

Remains of two Medieval or later stamping mills, a dressing floor and part of a tinworks situated on either side of the River Meavy, to the north of Norsworthy Bridge. The northern mill comprises a building, 7.3 metres by 3.7 metres with walls surviving to a height of 1.7 metres high. At least six mortar stones were found within the mill, some of which have been reused. It is possible that this building was also used at some point for crushing tin using horizontally rotating stones. The dressing floor lies south of the mill.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV154693Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1940. The Dartmoor Blowing House. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 72. 224.
SDV231207Article in Serial: Newman, P.. 1987. The Moorland Meavy - a Tinner's Landscape. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 119. Paperback Volume. 228, Figure 2.
SDV250461Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1952. SX 56 NE 7. SX56NE7. Card Index. SX56NE7.
SDV250470Report - Survey: Greeves, T. + Robinson, R.. 1984. Norsworthy Left Bank Stamping Mill.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 152443..
SDV305931Report - non-specific: Bodman, M.. 1998. Water-Powered Sites in Devon. A4 Spiral Bound. 23, 41.
SDV319826Report - non-specific: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1981. List of Known Devon Tin Mills c1450 - c1750. List of Known Devon Tin Mills c1450 - c1750. 35. Unknown. No 60.
SDV337901Article in Serial: Gerrard, S.. 1996. The Early South-Western Tin Industry: An Archaeological View. Mining History: Bulletin PDMHS. The Archaeology of Mining and Metallurgy in. 13, Number 2. A4 Paperback. 67-83.
SDV338049Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1933. Thirty-ninth report on Scientific Memoranda. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 65. A5 Hardback. 311-4, Figure 13, Plates 27-30.
SDV343082Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1984. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV350164Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. Fifty-first Report of Scientific Memoranda: Archaeology. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 282.
SDV357076Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1929. Stray Notes on Dartmoor Tin-Working. Part 2. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 61. Unknown. 402-3.
SDV360381Report - Assessment: Whitbourn, A.. 2001. An Archaeological Investigation into features comprising, and associated with, Ditsworthy Warren. A4 Comb Bound. 82, Appendix 4.
SDV360651Website: National Monument Record. 2018. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 438513, SX56NE7.
SDV360652Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2018. MasterMap 2018. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #113385 ]
SDV360653National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2018. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1019583.

Associated Monuments

MDV61985Related to: BUILDING in the Parish of Walkhampton (Building)
MDV61983Related to: DRESSING FLOOR in the Parish of Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV61982Related to: LEAT in the Parish of Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV61984Related to: LEAT in the Parish of Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV61986Related to: OPEN CUT in the Parish of Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3475Related to: TIN MILL in the Parish of Walkhampton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 14 2018 12:47PM