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HER Number:MDV3439
Name:Cairn at end of stone row east of Down Tor

Summary

Walkhampton common, between downs tor and combshead tor. A barrow with retaining circle lies at west end of row. The stones for some distance from the barrow are far larger than usual, decreasing in size with distance from the barrow. The largest stone is next to the retaining circle (worth).

Location

Grid Reference:SX 586 692
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/177/1
  • Old SAM County Ref: 382
  • Old SAM Ref: 24084

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ancient Monuments, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV250538.

Vis=unknown (ancient monuments) hollow centred cairn. Diameter 45 feet, height 3.5 - 4 feet.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV250545.

Osa=sx56ne29/plan, photograph. (04/04/1979) Cairn circle of 26 uprights + possibly 2 more stones now recumbent. Internal diam 11.5m. Within the circle is a cairn of 8.5m diam, 0.6m high, with small central depression which may be a cist (nmr, citing os).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV250547.

Brent, f.(1883) prehistoric remains on dartmoor. J. Brit. Archaeol. Assoc.39, p.218.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV250548.

Worth, r. H.(1892)tda 24.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV250549.

Burnard, r.(1894) dartmoor pictorial records. Iv. Plymouth.

Turner, J. R., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV37204.

Encircled cairn. Ring of orthostats, 11.5m diam, around cairn 8m diam and 0.6m high. The cairn was not centrally aligned on the stone row and has been poorly reconstructed (turner).

WORTH, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV6808.

Walkhampton common, between downs tor and combshead tor. A barrow with retaining circle lies at west end of row. The stones for some distance from the barrow are far larger than usual, decreasing in size with distance from the barrow. The largest stone is next to the retaining circle (worth).

Falcon, T. A., 1900, Dartmoor Illustrated, 61 (Monograph). SDV257410.

Breton, H. H., 1914, Beautiful Dartmoor and its Interesting Antiquities, 46 (Monograph). SDV256843.

Breton, H. H., 1932, The Forest of Dartmoor, 2, Plymouth, 53 (Monograph). SDV231147.

Worth, R. H., 1940, The Dartmoor Menhirs, 198 pl.11198 pl.11 (Article in Serial). SDV231163.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 175/ Walkhampton 31 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(6/9/1972) Cairn, hollow towards centre, within retaining circle 12.5m in diameter. Breton stated that it formerly enclosed a large cist. Stone row proceeds to east-north-east downhill and then uphill aligned with but stopping well short of cairn. Site restored in 1894. Diameter 10.0m, height 0.7m.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on the 1946 Royal Air Force verticals.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 54 78/f6 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 130921 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(25/5/1993) Encircled cairn 4m west of the west end of a stone alignment. Mound measures 8m in diameter and 0.7m high and is surrounded by a kerb which includes 24 orthostats standing between 0.3 and 1m high, forming a ring with a diameter of 11.5m. A central hollow , measuring 2m by 1.6m by 0.8m deep suggests partial early excavation or robbing. Breton suggested that this hollow represents the site of a cist, but there is no evidence to support his hypothesis.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, WLK-DT14 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 12/07/2019. The cairn is covered in close cropped grass with a few patches of heather. An outcrop of reeds stands in the depression in the centre of the cairn. Good condition. Photos X 2 taken

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, WLK-DT14 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 12/07/2019. Photos X 2 taken 1) A general view of the cairn with the kerb stones. Looking east south east 2) A view of the inner part of the cairn showing the reeds in the central depression. Looking north west

Sources / Further Reading

SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 54 78/f6.
SDV231147Monograph: Breton, H. H.. 1932. The Forest of Dartmoor, 2, Plymouth. The Forest of Dartmoor, 2, Plymouth. 2. Unknown. 53.
SDV231163Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1940. The Dartmoor Menhirs. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 72. 198 pl.11198 pl.11.
SDV250538Report - Survey: Ancient Monuments.
SDV250545Migrated Record:
SDV250547Migrated Record:
SDV250548Migrated Record:
SDV250549Migrated Record:
SDV256843Monograph: Breton, H. H.. 1914. Beautiful Dartmoor and its Interesting Antiquities. Beautiful Dartmoor and its Interesting Antiquities. 46.
SDV257410Monograph: Falcon, T. A.. 1900. Dartmoor Illustrated. Dartmoor Illustrated. Unknown. 61.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 175/ Walkhampton 31.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 130921.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-DT14.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-DT14.
SDV37204Migrated Record: Turner, J. R..
SDV6808Migrated Record: WORTH.

Associated Monuments

MDV3502Related to: Down Tor Stone Row, Walkhampton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7382 - Condition Survey of the Cramber Tor Training Area

Date Last Edited:Oct 22 2019 9:06AM