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HER Number:MDV3440
Name:Round cairn and later tin prospecting pits north-west of Hingston Stone Row, Walkhampton

Summary

Round cairn and later tin prospecting pits north-west of Hingston Stone Row. The cairn mound measures 15.5 metres in diameter and stands up to 1.5 metres high. A T-shaped trench cutting into the centre of the mound suggests partial early excavation, though the results of the investigation are not known. Three prospecting pits lie immediately against the circumference of a cairn. They each consist of a sub-rectangular pit with an associated crescent shaped bank standing up to 0.5 metres high lying on the side away from the cairn. Probably tinners pits.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 586 693
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56NE28
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/134
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/134/1
  • Old SAM County Ref: 382
  • Old SAM Ref: 24083

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • PIT (Constructed, Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56NE28, SX56NE28 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV252079.

Visited on 10th June 1950. Turf covered cairn, hollow in centre.

National Monuments Record, 1977, NMR SX5869, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV237174.

Photograph taken on 19th May 1985.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 175 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Visited on 6th September 1972. Cairn, hollow towards centre. Diameter 13.0 metres, height 1.1 metres.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Recorded on arial photograph.

Gerrard, G. A. M., 1986, The Early Cornish Tin Industry: An Archaeological & Historical Survey, 254 (Post-Graduate Thesis). SDV156659.

Visited on 25th May 1993. Three prospecting pits lie immediately against the circumference of a cairn. They each consist of a sub-rectangular pit measuring 2.8 metres by 1.4 metres by 0.6 metres deep with an associated crescent shaped bank standing up to 0.5 metres high lying on the side away from the cairn. Probably tinners pits.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 130924 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Visited on 25th April 1993. Cairn mound measures 15.5m in diam and stands up to 1.5m high. A t-shaped trench cutting into the centre of the mound suggests partial early excavation, though the results of the investigation are not known. This cairn forms part of a ritual complex of monuments including 3 cairns, a stone alignment and enclosure (mpp).

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 71-72, Map 47 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Hingston Hill Summit 1 cairn at SX58646931 of 14.0 metres diameter by 1.3 metres high with numerous tinners' pits on the surface but no outer ring.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Cairn surrounded by prospecting pits visible on aerial photograph.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, WLK-DT13 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 12/07/2019. Cairn generally is covered in grass and heather with a little close cropped gorse. There is an erosion scar in the centre of the cairn. Photos X 2 taken

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs, WLK-DT13 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 12/07/2019. Photos X 2 taken 1) View of the erosion scar on top of the cairn looking north west
2) A general view looking east north east showing the tinners pit against the west side of the cairn

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Cairn' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1009089 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

This monument includes a round cairn and tin prospecting pits situated on a saddle between the north-west flank of Eylesbarrow and Down Tor. The cairn mound measures 15.5 metres in diameter and stands up to 1.5 metres high. A `T'-shaped trench cutting into the centre of the mound suggests partial early excavation, although the results of the investigation are not known. Three prospecting pits lie immediately against the circumference of the mound and these each consist of a sub-rectangular pit measuring 2.8 metres long, 1.4 metres wide and 0.6 metres deep with an associated crescent shaped bank standing up to 0.5 metres high. These pits were probably excavated by tinners searching for ore, and a large number of similar pits survive within the neighbourhood.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 71-72, Map 47.
SDV156659Post-Graduate Thesis: Gerrard, G. A. M.. 1986. The Early Cornish Tin Industry: An Archaeological & Historical Survey. University of Lampeter. Unknown. 254.
SDV237174Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. NMR SX5869. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 1.
SDV252079Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56NE28. OSAD Card. Card Index. SX56NE28.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 175.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 130924.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #129675 ]
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-DT13.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-DT13.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1009089.

Associated Monuments

MDV130432Related to: Cairn 220 metres north of Hingston Hill stone row, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3439Related to: Cairn at west end of Hingston Hill stone row east of Down Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3502Related to: Hingston Hill Stone Row, Walkhampton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7382 - Condition Survey of the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV8351 - Walkhampton Premier Archaeological Landscape; Field Investigation Project
  • EDV6034 - Monument Condition Survey in Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV6152 - Follow-up Works to Threatened Sites in the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV6153 - Monument Baseline Condition Survey in the Cramber Tor Training Area

Date Last Edited:Apr 13 2021 11:57AM