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HER Number:MDV34402
Name:North Heathercombe farmhouse, Manaton

Summary

House, formerly farmhouse. Probably late 15th century with subsequent alterations in 16th, 17th and 18th century and modernized late 20th century. Original plan three room and through passage with open hall and possible low partitions. Remodelled in second half of 16th century when a closed truss was inserted between the hall and inner room, inner room possibly ceiled at this stage and newel staircase added. Although considerably modernised this house preserves a very traditional appearance from the outside and internally contains several early features of particular interest because of relatively unusual construction such as the two early roof trusses and the corbelled fireplace.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 718 810
Map Sheet:SX78SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishManaton
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishMANATON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX78SW/206
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS PASSAGE HOUSE (Built, XV - 1450 AD to 1499 AD (Between))

Full description

Department of Environment, 1987, Manaton, 31 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV303187.

North Heathercombe. House, formerly farmhouse. Probably late 15th century with subsequent alterations in 16th, 17th and 18th century and modernized late 20th century. Rendered granite rubble walls. Granite, rubble chimney stacks with drip-courses and tapering granite caps. Thatched roof to right and hipped to left. Slate roof to outshut at rear.
Original plan three room and through passage with open hall and possible low partitions. Remodelled in second half of 16th century when a closed truss was inserted between the hall and inner room, inner room possibly ceiled at this stage and newel staircase added. Two storeys. Asymmetrical three window front of 20th century two, three and four light wooden casement windows with glazing bars in small openings.
Interior although recent modernization has considerably altered the plan of the house a number of good early features survive. Two smoke-blackened trusses of differing types remain. In the house several 17th century plank doors survive, studded with old strap hinges. Stone newel staircase. The hall fireplace is granite framed with a corbelled chamfered lintel. The lower room has a heavy unchamfered cross beam and a four fielded panel door. See List for further details.


Greeves, T. A. P., 1991, Tinworking at Heathercombe, Manaton (Un-published). SDV280255.

Site of Heathercombe was first documented in 1244 as 'Heddercumb'. The modern estate of Heathercombe occupies the whole north-south width of parish of Manaton and is situated in the centre of the parish. Apart from the outliers at Challacombe and Soussons, it marks the western limit of settlement and enclosed land within the parish.


Ordnance Survey, 2018, MasterMap 2018 (Cartographic). SDV360652.

Depicted on the modern mapping.


Historic England, 2018, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV360653.

MANATON SX 78 SW 4/42 North Heathercombe - - II
House, formerly farmhouse. Probably late C15 with subsequent alterations in C16, C17 and C18 and modernised late C20. Rendered granite rubble walls. Granite rubble chimney stacks with drip-courses and tapering granite caps. Thatched roof to right and hipped to left. Slate roof to outshut at rear.
Original plan three room and through passage with open hall and possibly low partitions. Re-modelled in second half of C16 when a closed truss was inserted between the hall and inner room, inner room possibly ceiled at this stage and newel staircase added. Hall fireplace and ceiling inserted probably early C17. Also at this stage it is likely that the lower end was re-roofed and the porch added to the front of the passage. In C18 rear outshut added. 2 storeys. Asymmetrical 3-window front of C20 2, 3 and 4-light wooden casement windows with glazing bars in small openings. Through passage doorway to right of centre with C17 studded plank door in contemporary rendered stone porch with seats either side and thatched gable roof. Reputedly the porch once had a granite arched doorway. Granite rubble outshut at rear with C20 casements and plank door to left of centre. Granite rubble garden walls to front of house with dressed quoins and flat coping stones with slight return towards the house porch. Left hand wall curves back to house and at upper end incorporates 6 bee-boles with corbelled roofs. To right of door the wall extends approximately 13 metres northwards with 1 break. The wall ranges from 1 to 2 metres high.
Interior: although recent modernisation has considerably altered the plan of the house a number of good early features survive. 2 smoke-blackened roof trusses of differing types remain. Over the hall is the remains of an original truss of very large scantling with curved feet and a morticed collar above which the truss is cut off. There is a mortice in the top of the principal where it is cut off. Only a small section of collar survives. (This truss is similar in form to the roof in Penellick Farmhouse, Pelynt, Cornwall). The other early truss is the closed truss at the higher end of the hall which is also smoke-blackened on the hall side. This consists of a blade morticed into a wall-post but without the typical curve of the usual jointed cruck. The joint is side-pegged on the hall side. There is a straight collar notched and halved onto the principal rafters. The purlins and ridge are threaded. Between these 2 roof trusses the purlins and rafters are also smoke-blackened. Over the lower end are plain C17 trusses. The ground floor partition between hall and inner room has been removed; on the rear wall of the hall, probably close to the position of the partition, a stone newel staircase rises leading to the chamber above the inner room. The hall fireplace is granite framed with a corbelled chamfered lintel. The corbel stones are curved with chamfered edge and the jambs are also chamfered with rough stops. The fireplace back adjoining the cross passage is constructed of granite ashlar with a coved cornice. The lower room has a heavy unchamfered cross beam and a 4 fielded panel door. Elsewhere in the house several C17 plank doors survive, studded with old strap hinges.
Although considerably modernised this house preserves a very traditional appearance from the outside and internally contains several early features of particular interest because of relatively unusual construction such as the 2 early roof trusses and the corbelled fireplace.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV280255Un-published: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1991. Tinworking at Heathercombe, Manaton. A4 Comb Bound.
SDV303187List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1987. Manaton. Historic Houses Register. Unknown. 31.
SDV360652Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2018. MasterMap 2018. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #88303 ]
SDV360653National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2018. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV77800Part of: North Heathercombe farm, Manaton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:May 14 2018 12:43PM