HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV3462
Name:Enclosure and huts north-west of Hentor Meadow

Summary

Nine hut circles and two enclosures in two distinct groups separated by a post medieval bank and ditch. Small ovoid enclosure south of the later boundary. Three of the huts adjoin the enclosure, which is largely complete and measures 50m north-east to south-west by 28m.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 584 657
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 NE 79
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/147
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/504
  • Old SAM County Ref: 493
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 24230(P)
  • Old SAM Ref: 10637
  • Old SAM Ref: 10642
  • Pastscape: 438726

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 4286 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Royal Air Force, 1948, RAF/CPE/UK/2494, 3130-31 (Aerial Photograph). SDV147533.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56NE79 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV164267.

(02/05/1950) An incomplete enclosure of the usual Dartmoor type. The walling is composed of large stones and turf with heather covering, surviving to a height of 0.4m. Hut circles A-H. Diameters vary 5.0m - 8.0m. Sketch plan included.

Fleming, A. + Collis, J., 1973, A Late Prehistoric Reave System near Cholwich Town, Dartmoor, 5 (Article in Serial). SDV358808.

A reave runs just to the east of this enclosure, but it is not clear whether there was originally any association.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1979, SX56NE79 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV162274.

(29/01/1979) To the north-west of a reave (SX 56 NE 123) on a slight north slope above the River Plym at 317m OD are the remains of an enclosed settlement. The main enclosure is sub-circular 42m diameter with five huts. There are remnants of a second enclosure to the south-east with three huts, with a further two huts outside. The walling of all the enclosures is mainly simple rubble 1.8m thick and 0.6m high though there are a few instances of double slab facing with infill. The only entrances now visible are three simple gaps in the main settlement wall, one in the east and two to the south-west.
The huts are of Type 2 save one at SX 5848 6579 which is of Type 1 with an internal diameter of 2.5m; a similar structure at SX 5851 6576 is only 1.5m in internal diameter and seems to be a small annexe to an adjoining hut.
The other huts have internal diameters ranging from 4.5m to 6.0m with walling 1.5m thick and 0.7m high. Entrances are to the south-west and a hut at SX 5852 6577 incorporates orthostats and a windbreak.
There is no field system in the immediate vicinity. Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD.

National Monuments Record, 1983, SF2134, 52-54 (Aerial Photograph). SDV231262.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Oval enclosure, with nine hut circles attached to interior of enclosure wall identified from the 1940s Royal Air Force aerial photographs. Lengths of walling leave enclosure, to the north-east with three hut circles attached and to the south-east with five hut circles attached. Possibly originally agglomerated. Area approximately 0.1 hectares.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140387 and 140388 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(16/04/1995) Oval enclosure, 50m by 35m, defined by a 2m wide and 0.5m high rubble bank. Enclosure links four hut circles (see related records). A 70m length of rubble bank measuring 1.5m wide and up to 0.8m high leads east-south-east from the southern part of the enclosure and may have once been connected to a similar bank leading from the Willings Walls Reave.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 118-21; map 49.7 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 214, 102.824a (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Gerrard, S., 1995, SAM 24230 (Plan - sketch). SDV164276.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

(16/01/2002) Centred SX 5847 6581. Nine hut circles and two enclosures in two distinct groups separated by a post medieval bank and ditch.
Centred SX 5849 6579. Eight hut circles and a small ovoid enclosure south of the later boundary. Three of the huts adjoin the enclosure, which is largely complete and measures 50m north-east to south-west by 28m.
The remaining huts lie to the east and south-east of the enclosure (see related records).
Two adjoining features at SX 5848 6579 are depicted by Butler and Robertson as hut circles. While there is a superficial resemblance the larger appears to be a stone clearance heap and the other a small military structure.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Visible on the aerial photography.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, UPHT-24 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

(05/02/2020) Condition of enclosure assessed as good; some slight vegetation encroachment is threatening this site. The area is lightly grazed and the HER description of enclosures is accurate. Site is generally stable. Hut condition generally assessed as very good; little vegetation recorded here and huts photographed.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photographs taken during February 2020 visit.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 118-21; map 49.7.
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 214, 102.824a.
SDV147533Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1948. RAF/CPE/UK/2494. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3130-31.
SDV162274Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SX56NE79. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV164267Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56NE79. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV164276Plan - sketch: Gerrard, S.. 1995. SAM 24230. A4 Single Sheet + Digital.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4286.
SDV231262Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1983. SF2134. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 52-54.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140387 and 140388.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV358808Article in Serial: Fleming, A. + Collis, J.. 1973. A Late Prehistoric Reave System near Cholwich Town, Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Exploration Society. 31. Unknown. 5.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #124603 ]
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UPHT-24.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV55399Parent of: Feature in enclosure north-west of Hentor Meadow (Monument)
MDV3463Parent of: Hut attached to enclosure north-east of Hentor Meadow (Monument)
MDV3464Parent of: Hut attached to enclosure north-west of Hentor Meadow (Monument)
MDV3465Parent of: Hut attached to enclosure north-west of Hentor Meadow (Monument)
MDV3466Parent of: Hut in settlement north-west of Hentor Meadow (Monument)
MDV3468Parent of: Hut in settlement north-west of Hentor Meadow (Monument)
MDV3469Parent of: Hut in settlement north-west of Hentor Meadow (Monument)
MDV3470Related to: Hut in settlement north-west of Hentor Meadow (Monument)
MDV55398Related to: Military structure in settlement north-west of Hentor Meadow (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey

Date Last Edited:Nov 17 2020 10:39AM