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HER Number:MDV3482
Name:Partial enclosure with huts south of Hentor Farm

Summary

One of a cluster of irregular and incompletely preserved enclosures containing 20 hut circles located between the clitter west of Hen Tor and the former enclosed land around Hentor Farm. Enclosure banks are generally 1.5m wide and exist up to 0.7m high though some have been heightened by the addition of clearance stone in the post medieval period and others have been robbed to ground level. This partial enclosure has six associated huts; three attached to the walls and three internally.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 589 653
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 NE 78
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/159
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 24230(P)
  • Old SAM Ref: 10694
  • Pastscape: 438723

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (cc, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1190, 4285 (Aerial Photograph). SDV163731.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56NE78, Enclosure, remains of (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV163730.

(02/06/1950) The incomplete remains of an enclosure of the usual Dartmoor type (see sketch). The walls consist of large stones and turf reaching an average height of 0.5 metres. No obvious entrance.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1979, SX56NE78 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV363230.

(10/04/1979) Below Hentor on a north-west facing clitter-covered slope, between 347.0m and 370.0m OD, are the remains of a partly enclosed settlement of twenty-six huts occupying an area of 4.5 hectares. There are two main enclosures, each incomplete, constructed of piled stones to form walling 1.5m thick and 0.5m high. No distinctive entrances are visible. The majority of the huts are connected by a rickle of stones.
Six lie within the first enclosure and two in the second. The huts appear to be of Type 2 with southern entrances and levelled interiors. The internal diameters vary from 2.0m to 5.0m with a mean of 3.3m. The hut walling averages 1.0m thick and 0.6m high. The site is generally in poor condition. (Type site: SX 56 NE 71). Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD.

National Monuments Record, 1983, NMR SF2134, 533 (Aerial Photograph). SDV238551.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Oval enclosure containing four freestanding hut circles, two hut circles attached to interior wall of enclosure visible on the aerial photographs. Attached to Hentor Warren small field system (SX56NE/397) by field boundary on north-west of enclosure. Area approximately 0.40 hectares.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140420, 18/05/1995 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(SX 5900 6534) Sub rectangular enclosure, 73m by 60m. Defined on three sides by a 1m wide and 0.5m high rubble bank with occasional orthostats. The south side is defined by a broad spread of dense clitter. The enclosure surrounds 4 hut circles and 3 further huts are butted by the enclosure wall. It would therefore seem very likely that the enclosure was added at a later date to the settlement.

Ancient Monuments, 1991, Details from Schedule (Schedule Document). SDV163728.

Sub-rectangular enclosure with a bank of boulders up to 1m wide and 0.5m high. Enclosure measures 73m long by 60m wide and has 3 hut circles abutting the bank and a further three freestanding within it. The huts range from 6.5m to 11m in diameter with double faced walls from 0.5m to 1m high and 1m to 2.5m thick. There are entrances to the huts in the south, east and west sides. Enclosure strewn with clitter.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 123; fig 49.8 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Butler's enclosure C; the remains of this enclosure are more substantial. The original entrance seems to have been on the north side where the circuit wall is discontinuous between a pair of huts.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 148/ 102.518a (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

(22/03/2002) Centred SX 59106543. A cluster of irregular and incompletely preserved enclosures containing 20 hut circles lie between the clitter west of Hen Tor and the former enclosed land around Hentor Farm. It is impossible to determine the original extent of this settlement as it has been severely disturbed by later activity which seems to have resulted in the removal of several elements and the obfuscation of most others. The enclosure banks are generally 1.5m wide and exist up to 0.7m high though some have been heightened by the addition of clearance stone in the post medieval period and others have been robbed to ground level.
Of the 26 huts recorded in 1979, only 20 can be positively identified, the remainder existing as small hollows in the clitter. All have been partially or wholly infilled by clearance material and few original features are apparent.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Aerial photography shows majority of the enclosure wall surveyed in 2002.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 123; fig 49.8.
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 148/ 102.518a.
SDV163728Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1991. Details from Schedule. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown.
SDV163730Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56NE78. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. Enclosure, remains of.
SDV163731Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1190. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4285.
SDV238551Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1983. NMR SF2134. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 533.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140420, 18/05/1995.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #122026 ]
SDV363230Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SX56NE78. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.

Associated Monuments

MDV55416Parent of: Hut in enclosure south of Hentor Farm (Monument)
MDV55414Parent of: Hut in wall of enclosure south of Hentor Farm (Monument)
MDV55415Parent of: Hut in wall of enclosure south of Hentor Farm (Monument)
MDV55420Parent of: Hut on enclosure wall south of Hentor Farm (Monument)
MDV55417Parent of: Hut within enclosure south of Hentor Farm (Monument)
MDV55418Parent of: Hut within enclosure south of Hentor Farm (Monument)
MDV55419Parent of: Unlikely hut in enclosure south of Hentor Farm (Monument)
MDV3487Related to: Enclosure west of Hen Tor (Monument)
MDV3481Related to: Fragmentary enclosure with huts north-west of Hen Tor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey

Date Last Edited:Oct 4 2019 4:21PM