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HER Number:MDV3500
Name:Cross adjacent to Devonport Leat

Summary

Handsome granite cross fixed into a socket cut into a great boulder standing about five feet tall with a tapering shaft of rectangular section and slightly flattened arms. Inscribed with ‘S. L. H. 1887 - 1966’. It was set up as a memorial by Lieutenant Commander B. Hutchinson to his mother, Mrs S. L. Hutchinson in 1967 with the consent of the proper authorise. Starkey suggests that this cross may occupy the socket of an earlier cross, marking the route of the Monk’s Path.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 599 699
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Extensive earthwork and structural remains of the late 18th century Devonport Leat, Bronze Age features north-east of Nun’s Cross, Whiteworks Tin Mine and other tinning remains on Walkhampton Common as well as earthworks of Bachelors Hall Mine

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/175
  • Old SAM Ref: 24131
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS (Early Medieval to XXI - 1066 AD to 2009 AD (Between))

Full description

Masson Phillips, E. N., 1937, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I (Article in Serial). SDV240502.

Cross, west of Siward’s Cross. On the line of the ancient track, between the cross on Walkhampton Common and Siward’s Cross, south of the Devonport Leat at a point where the leat is crossed by a footbridge, beyond the tunnel. Type A. The socket hole for a cross cut in a boulder. Other details: 315.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56NE83 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV345130.

A cross socket 0.3 x 0.2 x 0.15 metres deep, cut in to the top of a large boulder. No trace of the ancient track referred to by Masson Phillips.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1979, Supplementary notes on the ancient stone crosses of Devon (Article in Serial). SDV240506.

The socket hole has now been utilised by a modern granite cross 1.5 metres high, bearing the initials 'SLH' on one side and '1887-1966' on the other. The new cross was erected in 1968. Other details: 143.


Starkey, F. H., 1983, Dartmoor Crosses and Some Ancient Tracks (Monograph). SDV345128.

Handsome granite cross fixed into a socket cut into a great boulder standing about five feet tall with a tapering shaft of rectangular section and slightly flattened arms. Inscribed with ‘S. L. H. 1887 - 1966’. It was set up as a memorial by Lieutenant Commander B. Hutchinson to his mother, Mrs S. L. Hutchinson in 1967 with the consent of the proper authorise. This cross occupies the socket of an earlier cross, marking the route of the Monk’s Path. Starkey suggests that the original cross that stood here may now stand on the Wheal Anne Bottom reave a mile away to the east. Other details: 40-41.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible 1946 Royal Air Force vertical aerial photographs.


Starkey, F. H., 1987-1981, The area around Nun’s Cross Farm, 104 (Article in Serial). SDV345533.


Harrison, B., 2001, Dartmoor Stone Crosses (Monograph). SDV345133.

Leat Cross, or Devonport Leat Cross stands three and a half miles south-south-east of Two Bridges and five miles east-north-east of Yelverton at SX599699. Harrison refers to the socket hole in the boulder which the current cross now stands and the erection of this memorial cross in 1967 by the Lieutenant Commander Hutchinson in memorial of his mother. Cross is 1.7 metres high with a tapering shaft and slightly expanding arms and head, inscribed on one side with '1887 - 1966' and 'SLH' on the other. Other details: 79-80.


Newman, P., 2007, Cramber Tor Training Area Monument Baseline Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV348210.

Modern stone cross mounted on earlier socket hole at SX59956991. No threat to site (01/08/2006).


Richards, A. F., 2015, Comment regarding scheduled status (Personal Comment). SDV237248.

This cross is recorded as having been covered by the Scheduling for SAM 24131 (NHLE 1009095), but this appears to have been a historic mistake: MDV3501 is the correct record for this Scheduled Ancient Monument.


Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

'Cross' is depicted on the modern mapping.


National Monument Record, 2016, Pastscape, Accessed 20/07/2016 (Website). SDV359354.

"The socket-hole for a cross cut in a boulder". On the line of the ancient track between the cross on Walkhampton Common and Siwards Cross. Socket hole 0.3 metres by 0.2 metres by 0.15 metres deep cut into top of a large natural boulder. The socket-hole has now been utilized by a modern granite cross 1.5 m high bearing the initials "SLH" on one side and "1887-1966" on the other (citing Masson Phillips, 1937 and Ordnance Survey 1950).
Revised at 1:10 000 on PFD (citing Ordnance Survey 1978).
It is suggested that the original cross shaft is the cross at SX 61336949 (SX 66 NW 7) and was removed to there to mark the boundary of tin-workings (citing Starkey, 1983).
Only the socket is original, and therefore not recommended for scheduling (citing English Heritage Alternative Action Report MPPA, undated).
The cross is 1.4 metres high and the arms measure 0.6 metres across. Otherwise as described by Masson Phillips and the Ordnance Survey (Citing Newman, P., 01-AUG-2006 EH Cramber Tor Training Area Archaeological Field Investigation)
Cramber Tor Survey 2002, Site WA165 (Citing Wessex Archaeology 2002 Cramber Tor Training Area Rapid Condition Survey).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV237248Personal Comment: Richards, A. F.. 2015. Comment regarding scheduled status. Not Applicable.
SDV240502Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1937. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A5 Hardback.
SDV240506Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1979. Supplementary notes on the ancient stone crosses of Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 111. A5 Paperback.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345128Monograph: Starkey, F. H.. 1983. Dartmoor Crosses and Some Ancient Tracks. Dartmoor Crosses and Some Ancient Tracks. Paperback Volume.
SDV345130Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56NE83. Card Index.
SDV345133Monograph: Harrison, B.. 2001. Dartmoor Stone Crosses. Dartmoor Stone Crosses. Hardback Volume.
SDV345533Article in Serial: Starkey, F. H.. 1987-1981. The area around Nun’s Cross Farm. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 34. 104.
SDV348210Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2007. Cramber Tor Training Area Monument Baseline Condition Survey. English Heritage. A4 Bound.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #20346 ]
SDV359354Website: National Monument Record. 2016. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. Accessed 20/07/2016.

Associated Monuments

MDV3501Related to: Wayside cross 75 metres south-east of Cross Gate (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7382 - Condition Survey of the Cramber Tor Training Area

Date Last Edited:Jun 12 2018 4:21PM