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HER Number:MDV3561
Name:Tinner's hut built over hut circle 80, Watern Oke settlement

Summary

Ruined post-medieval tinner's hut, measuring 5.5 metres by 3.4 metres; walls 0.60 metres thick, 0.60 metres high. Excavation in the early 20th century suggested this hut was built over hut circle, as the finds included a large rubbing stone, pottery and a flint arrowhead. A corroded piece of iron also found in this structure was probably a knife contemporary with the later tinners' building.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 569 834
Map Sheet:SX58SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX58SE25
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 440649
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX58SE/16/59
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX58SE/35
  • Old SAM County Ref: 488
  • Old SAM Ref: 20363

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))
  • TINNERS HUT (Early Medieval to Early 20th Century - 1066 AD (Between) to 1901 AD (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV268697.

Ruined hut, 5.5m by 3.4m; walls 0.60m thick, 0.60m high.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV268703.

Des=le messurier, b. /worksheet/(22/7/1975). Vis=22/7/1975 (le messurier) sited in a rock clitter. A large in situ boulder occupies much of the floor space. Alternative river course below, and evidence of tin streaming nearby.

Anderson, I. K., 1906, 11th Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, 113, hut 80 (Article in Serial). SDV337055.

One of a group of hut circles at Watern Oke. Hut 80; this hut seems to have been rebuilt at some period and probably was never circular. A very large stone at least 3 feet thick and 13 feet in length, monopolises the internal space. A corroded piece of iron was found (possibly a modern knife) also a large rubbing stone, pottery and a very good arrow head point.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX58SE9 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV232751.

Le Messurier, B., 1979, Post-Prehistoric Structures of Central North Dartmoor. A Field Survey, 70 (Article in Serial). SDV269283.

SX 57058345. On the right bank of the River Tavy is a hut in clitter; internally it measures 3.4 m by 5.5 m. A large in situ boulder occupies much of the floor space. Tin streaming nearby.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1979, SX58SE25 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV268704.

(02/10/1970) SX 56968341. The building remains are as described by Le Messurier (1979) and in good condition, the drystone rubble walling being 0.7 m wide and 0.9 m high, with an entrance gap in the north east. It was probably associated with tin streaming, evidence of which is centred at SX 571833 (extent shown on 1:10 000), but adapted from a prehistoric hut, and excavated in 1905 (a). The report considered it to have been rebuilt from a hut that was originally probably not circular. Although a large stone occupied much of the interior several finds were made including a corroded piece or iron (possibly a 'modern' knife), a large rubbing stone, pottery and a very good arrowhead. The hut was excavated as part of the Watern Oke group (SX 58 SE 9) and numbered 80 on the 1905 plan.
Surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD. see ground photograph.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on Royal Air Force verticals.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 123916 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Tinners' building composed of a drystone wall, 1.2m wide and 0.8m high, surrounding an internal area of 5.8m long by 3.2m wide. A large earthfast boulder lies in the centre of the room and the doorway faces east. The building probably dates to the Medieval or post-Medieval period.
During 1905 this building was partially excavated by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. This work strongly suggested that it was built on top of an earlier stone hut circle, because finds included a large rubbing stone, pottery and a flint arrowhead. A corroded piece of iron also found in this structure was probably a knife contemporary with the later tinners' building.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, Map 33 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Depicted and described by Butler.

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1993-1998, Dartmoor Royal Forest Project (Report - Survey). SDV346608.

(02/08/1995) SX56978341. The remains of a large relatively well-preserved rectangular building lies in the midst of a clitter stream above the right bank of the River Tavy some 500m E of Watern Oke. The structure is oriented N to S and is as described by Authorities 1 and 2. Its former function is, however, somewhat enigmatic. Though resembling a tinners hut it lies well away from any tinworking remains, the nearest being 100m upstream. It is more likely to represent a shepherds dwelling. Several similar sites (SX 58 SE 10, 22, 23 and 27) are apparent on the upper reaches of the Tavy and its tributaries.

Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P., 2003-2004, Measured survey North Dartmoor Military Range Okehampton Range: Monument Baseline Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV350801.

(21/08/2003) This feature remains as described in 1995 and is in a stable condition.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015 onwards, 2015 onward Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV362959.

Visible.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. Map 33.
SDV232751Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX58SE9. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV268697Migrated Record:
SDV268703Migrated Record:
SDV268704Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SX58SE25. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV269283Article in Serial: Le Messurier, B.. 1979. Post-Prehistoric Structures of Central North Dartmoor. A Field Survey. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 111. Paperback Volume. 70.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 123916.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337055Article in Serial: Anderson, I. K.. 1906. 11th Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 38. A5 Hardback. 113, hut 80.
SDV346608Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1993-1998. Dartmoor Royal Forest Project. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field/Recording In. Unknown.
SDV350801Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P.. 2003-2004. Measured survey North Dartmoor Military Range Okehampton Range: Monument Baseline Condition Survey. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. 28-2004. Unknown.
SDV362959Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015 onwards. 2015 onward Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).

Associated Monuments

MDV3312Part of: Hut circle settlement at Watern Oke (Monument)
MDV3540Related to: Hut circle 39, Watern Oke settlement (Monument)
MDV3560Related to: Hut circle 79, Watern Oke settlement (Monument)
MDV116632Related to: Streamworks on the River Tavy and its tributaries within Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV7734Related to: Tinners' hut on the left bank of the River Tavy (Building)

Associated Finds

  • FDV5920 - POLISHER (Prehistoric - 698000 BC to 42 AD?)
  • FDV5922 - ARROWHEAD (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC)
  • FDV5921 - SHERD (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD?)
  • FDV5923 - KNIFE? (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1750 AD)

Associated Events

  • EDV7620 - Okehampton Artillary Range
  • EDV8409 - Dartmoor Royal Forest Project
  • EDV8679 - Okehampton Range: Management Survey
  • EDV8291 - Okehampton Range: Monument Baseline Condition Survey
  • EDV8695 - Survey of Okehampton North Dartmoor Military Range

Date Last Edited:Nov 8 2021 3:23PM