HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV3562
Name:Hut circle 82, south of the Watern Oke settlements

Summary

A sub-square feature set within a stony mound is located on a north-east facing slope at SX56568312. It appears to be either a cairn or possibly a hut circle which has been reused, perhaps as a military observation post. Investigated as part of the RCHME Willsworthy project.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 565 831
Map Sheet:SX58SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
Civil ParishPeter Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX58SE12
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 440614
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX58SE/16/102
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX58SE/18
  • Old SAM County Ref: 488
  • Old SAM County Ref: 559
  • Old SAM Ref: 22313
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX58SE12

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Former Type) HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))
  • CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))
  • PIT (XX - 1901 AD to 2000 AD)

Full description

Defence Estates, Dartmoor Ministry of Defence Training Areas (Cartographic). SDV363722.

Anderson, I. K., 1906, 11th Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, 113, hut 82 (Article in Serial). SDV337055.

Hut 82; diameter 20 feet (6m). On opposite side of the river (from hut 81), to the west of Homer Redlake, and nearly suth-west from the boundary stone at about 200 yards, is a fine hut circle well built. Here was found flint, charcoal and traces of pottery.

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/1995, 3377-8 (Aerial Photograph). SDV224714.

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 4295 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.

Ancient Monuments, 1964, Schedule notes (Schedule Document). SDV236740.

(12/08/1964) Hut circle north-east of the Meads. Single large hut, diameter 6m, wall 2m wide. Terraced "platform house" fashion on a north facing slope.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1979, SX58SE12 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV236748.

(30/01/1962) Located. (25/10/1979) SX 56558312 A hut circle (number 82 of the Watern Oke group, SX 58 SE9) that has an internal diameter of 3.6m but has been excavated to form a pit 2.7m square and 0.5m below the present surrounding surface.
It is of Type 1 (SX 56 SE 19) with rubble walling, 1.1m wide, 0.3m high externally and 0.6m high internally, and a south-east entrance.
Surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD. See ground photograph.

Robinson, R., 1983, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983 (Un-published). SDV345762.

Visited 19/01/1983.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Recorded.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 128973 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(13/10/1993) Hut circle terraced into hillslope. Simple plan and single orthostat walling type. The interior sub-rectangular measures 4m by 3.3m and is surrounded by a 1.6m wide wall standing up to 0.7m high. Excavations by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee in 1905 recovered flint, charcoal and traces of pottery.
Butler, Robinson and Greeves have suggested that this structure is a tinners' building. The shape certainly supports this hypothesis, but there are a number of reasons why it should not be accepted. First, the excavation in 1905 revealed only prehistoric artefacts and more significantly the excavators, who were experienced stone hut circle diggers, expressed no doubts regarding its identity. Second, the rectangular shape may be enhanced by the 1905 excavation. Third, the location is not a typical one for a tinners' building. At present the most plausible interpretation is that this stone hut circle was re-used during the medieval and or post-medieval period.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 101-2, map 32 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Probert, S. + Fletcher, M. + Newman, P., 1998, The Archaeology of the MOD Willsworthy Estate: An Archaeological Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England NMR Reports for each monument Part 1 (Report - Survey). SDV360378.

(23/06/1998) A sub-square feature set within a stony mound is situated on a gentle north-east facing slope at Western Red Lake SX56568312. It overlooks a deep valley at the junction of the River Tavy and is situated at 434m above OD.
It comprises a sub-square hole or pit c 3.3m by 2.7m and a maximum 0.6m deep which is apparently set into a stone, boulder and soil mound which is on average 0.5m high. The hole is crudely lined with stones, boulders and slabs and there is no trace of an entrance, only a narrow gap on the downhill side. It appears to lie on, rather than cut into, the hillside; the peat-covered area around is closely cropped acidic grassland with a scatter of earthfast granite boulders.
The origin and function of this feature are not clear. It is not identifiable as a prehistoric monument in its present however it seems likely to have been refashioned probably as a military OP either from a cairn or possibly from a hut circle. Surveyed at 1:2500 scale.

Probert, S. + Fletcher, M. + Newman, P., 1998, The Archaeology of the MOD Willsworthy Estate: An Archaeological Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England NMR Reports for each monument Part 2 (Report - Survey). SDV360379.

Probert, S. + Fletcher, M. + Newman, P., 1998, Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon: An Archaeological survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (Report - Survey). SDV350638.

Probert, S., 2001, Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon. Integrated Land Management Plan Implementation: Archaeological Condition Baseline Survey Appendices 2-5 (Report - Survey). SDV357727.

(15/02/2001) This feature remains as described in 1998.

Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P., 2003-2004, Measured survey North Dartmoor Military Range Okehampton Range: Monument Baseline Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV350801.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 101-2, map 32.
SDV224714Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/1995. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3377-8.
SDV236740Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1964. Schedule notes. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown.
SDV236748Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SX58SE12. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 128973.
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4295.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337055Article in Serial: Anderson, I. K.. 1906. 11th Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 38. A5 Hardback. 113, hut 82.
SDV345762Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1983. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV350638Report - Survey: Probert, S. + Fletcher, M. + Newman, P.. 1998. Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon: An Archaeological survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field/Recording In. A4 Comb Bound + Digital.
SDV350801Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P.. 2003-2004. Measured survey North Dartmoor Military Range Okehampton Range: Monument Baseline Condition Survey. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. 28-2004. Unknown.
SDV357727Report - Survey: Probert, S.. 2001. Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon. Integrated Land Management Plan Implementation: Archaeological Condition Baseline Survey Appendices 2-5. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. A4 Comb Bound + Digital.
SDV360378Report - Survey: Probert, S. + Fletcher, M. + Newman, P.. 1998. The Archaeology of the MOD Willsworthy Estate: An Archaeological Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England NMR Reports for each monument Part 1. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. A4 Comb Bound.
SDV360379Report - Survey: Probert, S. + Fletcher, M. + Newman, P.. 1998. The Archaeology of the MOD Willsworthy Estate: An Archaeological Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England NMR Reports for each monument Part 2. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. A4 Comb Bound.

Associated Monuments

MDV3312Part of: Hut circle settlement at Watern Oke (Monument)
MDV50714Related to: Hut circle 81, Watern Oke settlement (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV5981 - FLAKE (Prehistoric - 698000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FDV5982 - SHERD (Early Neolithic to Late Iron Age - 4000 BC to 42 AD?)

Associated Events

  • EDV8409 - Dartmoor Royal Forest Project
  • EDV8679 - Okehampton Range: Management Survey
  • EDV7368 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy (1998)
  • EDV8291 - Okehampton Range: Monument Baseline Condition Survey
  • EDV8695 - Survey of Okehampton North Dartmoor Military Range
  • EDV6663 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV6664 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV6665 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV8141 - Condition survey of the Willsworthy Training Area

Date Last Edited:Nov 5 2021 12:15PM