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HER Number:MDV3566
Name:Enclosure and hut circles at Willsworthy Range

Summary

A scattered group of 16 hut circles and associated linear banks lie on a north-west facing hillslope. The site falls partly on a level shelf and partly on a clitter-strewn hillside; some of the huts are levelled into the slope and the entrances where visible are on the south side. A small cairn within the settlement at SX55768306 measures 5.3m in diameter and 1.0m high.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 556 831
Map Sheet:SX58SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishPeter Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPETER TAVY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX58SE11
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 440611
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX58SE/23
  • Old SAM County Ref: 552
  • Old SAM Ref: 22355

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))
  • UNENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/1995, 3378-9 (Aerial Photograph). SDV224714.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950/1979, SX58SE11, sketch of site. (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV236763.

(11/07/1950) Enclosure and ten hut circles (A-H). Fragmentary remains of an enclosure wall is composed of a few turf covered stones.
(21/08/1979) Centred at SX 55678311 is an open settlement with eleven huts situated on a north west slope at 425m OD and a further two on a shelf to the north west, overlooking the Tavy Cleave Valley.
Six huts are of hybrid type (A,B,C,D,J & L, see illustration) constructed partly of coursed walling and partly of rubble with inner facing slabs. The smallest (C) has an internal diameter of 2.9m with walling 1.0m thick and 0.4m high; the largest (L) has an internal diameter of 3.8m with walling 1.2m thick and 0.4m high. Four have discernible south east entrances and all the huts are in an area of dense clitter.
Two huts outside the clitter are of Type 2 (SX 56 NE 71 ) with double walling 1.7m thick. 'H' measures 3.8m internally and is 0.7m high with no visible entrance. 'K' has diameters of 3.3m by 3.7m with walling 1.6m wide and 0.3m high, and a southwest entrance.
The southernmost huts are of Type 3, with coursed walling 1.4m to 2.0m thick and 0.9m high. E (see plan) measures 7.7m internal diameter, F 7.3m, ad G 5.5m. The entrances of F and G are to the southwest.
On the shelf is M, a Type 2 hut with an internal diameter of 4.4m, walling 1.5m thick and 0.3m high and a south entrance. N is 2.3m square internally with a mixture of slab faced and coursed walling 0.8m wide and 0.4m high. From this hut a rubble retaining wall 0.6m high and 0.9m wide extends for 30.0m to the north and bounding the scree to the east.
Between 'M' and 'N' is a 'scooped' area 10.0m across at the bottom and backing to a depth of 1.1m into the hillslope. The base is quite level and, with smooth sides, is grass covered. It may be a natural feature, but shows no evidence to account for its formation.
There is no definable field system in the vicinity of the settlement and 'E' is the only hut with an enclosure, but there is a heavy build-up of peat over parts of the area which may conceal further boundaries.
Surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD.

Ancient Monuments, 1964, Schedule notes (Schedule Document). SDV236765.

(12/08/1964) Hut circles east of Tavy Cleave. Group of 10+ huts in two groups of 4 and 6 respectively. One appears to have an "antechamber". The huts are sited on a rough hill slope with much large "clitter".

National Monument Record, 1979, SF1510, 244-6, 427-8 (Aerial Photograph). SDV224088.

Robinson, R., 1984, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984 (Un-published). SDV343082.

(04/05/1984) Field Monument Warden visit.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Oval enclosure with in turned walls on south-west side which form a passage terminating in a hut circle. Further hut circles attached to western exterior of enclosure. Freestanding hut circle to north. Hut circle to south, attached to enclosure wall by length of walling. Group of three freestanding hut circles to west at SX55638307.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133051 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

19/04/1993 (GERRARD).

Probert, S. + Fletcher, M. + Newman, P., 1998, The Archaeology of the MOD Willsworthy Estate: An Archaeological Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England NMR Reports for each monument Part 2 (Report - Survey). SDV360379.

(20/08/1998) An unenclosed settlement of at least sixteen hut circles with some associated linear walling lies on a NW-facing hillslope between 411m and 451m above OD. Centred at SX55698310 the site falls partly on a level shelf and partly on a clitter-strewn hillside; some of the huts are levelled into the slope and the entrances where visible are on the south side. A small cairn within the settlement at SX55768306 measures 5.3m in diameter and 1.0m high.
SX55638309 Hut measures 2.6m internally, with walls 0.9m wide, 0.3m high. Attached to substantial wall.
SX55608313 Hut measures 4.5m internally, with walls 0.7m wide, 0.4m high. Slight annex on northern side.
SX55668317 Hut measures 3.1m internally, with walls 1.0m wide, 0.4m high. Boulder/stone wall, located in clitter.
SX55698315 Hut measures 2.9m internally, with walls 2.0m wide, 0.4m high. Entrance on south. In clitter.
SX55688313 Hut measures 1.9m x 1.6m internally, with walls 1.3m wide, 0.3m high. Squarish hut.
SX55668311 Hut measures 3.4m internally, with walls 1.2m wide, 0.5m high. Entrance on south. Porch on southern side.
SX55698309 Hut measures 6.2m internally, with walls 2.0m wide, 1.0m high. Rebuilt walling on downhill side.
SX55698311 Hut measures 4.2m internally, with walls 2.5m wide, 0.9m high. Entrance on south. Disturbed area clitter.
SX55728307 Hut measures 6.2m internally, with walls 1.7m wide, 0.5m high. Entrance on south? Level shelf on hillside.
SX55738304 Hut measures 7.6m internally, with walls 1.8m wide, 1.0m high. Entrance on south. Rebuilt walling on downhill side Door jamb 1.0m high.
SX55738303 Hut measures 2.4m internally, with walls 0.6m wide, 0.4m high. Entrance on south. Adjoins the previous hut circle.
SX55758316 Hut measures 2.5m internally, with walls 1.1m wide, 0.4m high. In clitter
SX55778316 Hut measures 2.5m internally, with walls 1.2m wide, 0.5m high. S? In clitter
SX55798318 Hut measures 3.9m internally, with walls 1.0m wide, 0.4m high. Edge of clitter.
SX55768319 Hut measures 2.6m internally, with walls 2.0m wide, 0.6m high. In clitter
SX55768322 Hut measures 3.4m internally, with walls 1.4m wide, 0.5m high. Entrance on south. Edge of clitter, tumbled walls.
The area is clitter covered with close cropped grassland and rush vegetation.

Probert, S., 2001, Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon. Integrated Land Management Plan Implementation: Archaeological Condition Baseline Survey Appendices 2-5 (Report - Survey). SDV357727.

(15/02/2001) These features remain as described in 1998.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV224088Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1979. SF1510. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 244-6, 427-8.
SDV224714Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/1995. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3378-9.
SDV236763Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950/1979. SX58SE11. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. sketch of site..
SDV236765Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1964. Schedule notes. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133051.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV343082Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1984. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1984. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV357727Report - Survey: Probert, S.. 2001. Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy, Devon. Integrated Land Management Plan Implementation: Archaeological Condition Baseline Survey Appendices 2-5. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. [Mapped feature: #133765 ]
SDV360379Report - Survey: Probert, S. + Fletcher, M. + Newman, P.. 1998. The Archaeology of the MOD Willsworthy Estate: An Archaeological Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England NMR Reports for each monument Part 2. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. A4 Comb Bound.

Associated Monuments

MDV27104Parent of: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV27105Parent of: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV51483Parent of: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV51484Parent of: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV51485Parent of: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV51486Parent of: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV51487Parent of: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV51488Parent of: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV51489Parent of: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV51490Parent of: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV51491Parent of: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV51492Parent of: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV51493Parent of: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV51495Parent of: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV51496Parent of: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV51497Parent of: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV51498Parent of: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV51494Parent of: SHELTER in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Building)
MDV51499Parent of: SHELTER in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Building)
MDV51500Parent of: WALL in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7368 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area, Peter Tavy (1998)
  • EDV6663 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV6664 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV6665 - Survey of the Willsworthy Training Area
  • EDV8141 - Condition survey of the Willsworthy Training Area

Date Last Edited:Nov 2 2021 2:31PM