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HER Number:MDV3572
Name:Hut circle settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot

Summary

A settlement comprising 22 hut circles, two other structures, two clearance cairns and several irregular enclosures. The site lies immediately above the left bank of the Rattle Brook some 800m upstream of its confluence with the River Tavy. The huts are generally small and well-built though some are merely crude circles of stone. They vary in internal diameter from 1.8m to 4.2m and there appears to be no preference for entrance direction. The two other structures are triangular platforms which adjoin enclosure walls. Many of the huts are linked by stony banks on average 1.4m wide and up to 0.7m high which form small enclosures of less than 0.15 hectares. Within these are two clearance cairns in this case rather amorphous piles of stones and boulders between 3.0 and 4.5m in diameter and up to 0.5m high.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 562 845
Map Sheet:SX58SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: S58SE6
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 440594
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX58SE/25
  • Old SAM County Ref: 487
  • Old SAM Ref: 20352

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/1995, 2378 (Aerial Photograph). SDV224714.

Ralegh Radford, C. A., 1952 /1953, Prehistoric Settlements on Dartmoor and the Cornish Moors, 65-66 (Article in Serial). SDV337080.

A straggling settlement of over 20 huts, 18 of them excavated. Internal diameters 3.0m - 6.1m. There are slight traces of walls linking some of the huts. The excavation produced sherds of twisted-cord ornamented pottery.

Ancient Monuments, 1961/1990, Schedule notes (Schedule Document). SDV235055.

September 1961 Partly enclosed hut settlement on the slopes of Hare Tor, north-east of Deadlake Foot. At least 9 small hut circles with field and enclosure walls above the stream. Late Bronze Age/Iron Age. Tumulus in mine dump; very overgrown with bracken. Walling of the enclosure is very fragmentary, consisting of a few turf covered stones. Remains of the hut circles are in a very poor condition.
(1990) Unenclosed hut settlement of 21 hut circles, 8 of which are attached to boundary walls. Diameters range 1.7m to 5m, averaging 2.8m. Stone and earth walls 0.2m to 0.7m high. One hut is rectangular. One has a porch.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1970-1979, SX58SE6 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV235056.

(19/07/1970) - Hut A entrance to south-west, huts B, C, D no entrance visible, huts F, G, H, I, J have possible entrances to south-west, huts T, U possible entrances to south-west. Huts; the stones forming the walls of the hut are about 250mm, not boulders. Cf sketch in parish file.
(05/11/1979) SX 5625 8457 On the east bank of Rattle Brook at 445.0m OD is the remains of a partly enclosed settlement with twenty-four Type 1 (SX 56 SE19) hut circles. The small complete sub-circular enclosure measures 29m by 24m with an entrance gap on its west side. Like the walling that links many of the huts it is of rubble construction, 1.1m wide and 0.4m high. The huts are mainly in very poor condition with internal diameters varying from 1.5m to 5.2m and the few visible entrances are to the south-west. The hut at SX 5621 8456 has a well-defined porch. The walling of the huts varies from 0.6m to 1.2m thick and is up to 0.5m high. The site has been partly cut about by fossicking pits and other mining activity, and possibly more huts are submerged in the marshy ground nearer the river.
Surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD. See ground photograph.

National Monuments Record, 1979, NMR SF1510, 250 (Aerial Photograph). SDV273995.

Robinson, R., 1983, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983 (Un-published). SDV345762.

(03/09/1983) Department of Environment Field Monument Warden visit.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Two fragments of an enclosure recorded by the Ordnance Survey visible on the aerial photographs. Northernmost enclosure oval with flat south side. Incomplete on west circuit. Four hut circles attached to interior wall. Southernmost enclosure, right angle of walling, the limbs orientated west and south with hut circle attached to western limb termination. Hut circle within junction of the right angle of walling. Two hut circles attached to each other and to the southern limb of the right angle.

Robinson, R., 1986, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986 (Un-published). SDV345664.

(29/09/1986) site visited.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, Map 33 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Settlement is depicted by Butler.

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1993-1998, Dartmoor Royal Forest Project (Report - Survey). SDV346608.

(17/08/1995) Centred SX 5624 8455. A settlement comprising 22 hut circles, two other structures, two clearance cairns and several irregular enclosures. The site occupies the gently sloping west-facing slope immediately above the left bank of the Rattle Brook some 800m upstream of its confluence with the River Tavy. The huts (see related records) are generally small and well-built though some are merely crude circles of stone. They vary in internal diameter from 1.8m to 4.2m and there appears to be no preference for entrance direction.
The two other structures are triangular platforms which adjoin enclosure walls. Many of the huts are linked by stony banks on average 1.4m wide and up to 0.7m high which form small enclosures of less than 0.15 hectares. Within these are two clearance cairns in this case rather amorphous piles of stones and boulders between 3.0 and 4.5m in diameter and up to 0.5m high.

Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P., 2003-2004, Measured survey North Dartmoor Military Range Okehampton Range: Monument Baseline Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV350801.

(21/08/2003) This settlement remains as described and in good condition.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. Map 33.
SDV224714Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/1995. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2378.
SDV235055Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1961/1990. Schedule notes. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown.
SDV235056Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1970-1979. SX58SE6. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV273995Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1979. NMR SF1510. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 250.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337080Article in Serial: Ralegh Radford, C. A.. 1952 /1953. Prehistoric Settlements on Dartmoor and the Cornish Moors. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 18. Digital. 65-66.
SDV345664Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1986. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV345762Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1983. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV346608Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1993-1998. Dartmoor Royal Forest Project. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field/Recording In. Unknown.
SDV350801Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P.. 2003-2004. Measured survey North Dartmoor Military Range Okehampton Range: Monument Baseline Condition Survey. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. 28-2004. Unknown. [Mapped feature: #126355 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV128670Parent of: Clearance cairn in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128632Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128634Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128635Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128636Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128637Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128638Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128639Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128640Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128641Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128643Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128644Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128645Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128646Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128647Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128649Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128650Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128651Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128652Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128653Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128654Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128655Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128656Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128657Parent of: Hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV128658Parent of: Small hut in settlement 510m north of Deadlake Foot (Monument)
MDV28090Related to: Streamworks on the Rattle Brook (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8409 - Dartmoor Royal Forest Project
  • EDV8679 - Okehampton Range: Management Survey
  • EDV8291 - Okehampton Range: Monument Baseline Condition Survey
  • EDV8695 - Survey of Okehampton North Dartmoor Military Range

Date Last Edited:Nov 2 2021 12:38PM