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HER Number:MDV3582
Name:Stamping Mill Number 6 at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine

Summary

Stamping Mill Number 6 to the south of the Smelting House at the 19th century Eylesbarrow Tin Mine

Location

Grid Reference:SX 591 674
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 1318967
  • National Monuments Record: 438809
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/196
  • Old SAM Ref: 34467

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STAMPING MILL (XVIII to XX - 1751 AD to 1950 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Ouline of stamping mill shown on 19th century map with several buildings.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Ouline of two walls and two buildings shown on early 20th century map.


Cook, R. M. L., 1974, Eylesbarrow (1814- 1852): A Study of a Dartmoor Tin Mine, 184-193, Figures 1-4 (Article in Serial). SDV231127.

Eylesbarrow, Stamping Mill Number 6 has an extensive dressing floor. In use from circa 1820. Has a subsidiary floor about 15 metres across, complete with three square buddles. Had stamps on both sides of wheel pit.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Recorded on aerial photograph.


Greeves, T. A. P., 1997, Tin Stamping Mills of Dartmoor after AD 1750, 6-8 (Article in Serial). SDV346020.


Bodman, M., 1998, Water-Powered Sites in Devon, 23/29 (Report - non-specific). SDV305931.


Newman, P., 1999, Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine, 105-148 (Article in Serial). SDV231130.

The second stamping mill to be established at Eylesbarrow referred to as the 'double' mill in 1805. It was out of action by 1847. This mill had a large diameter wheel with stamping areas and dressing floors on both sides. It has additional smaller dressing areas and tailings' pits spread over a large area. The 1:500 survey shows the relationship of features.


Newman , P., 1999, Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine, 25-30, Figures 2, 12-13 (Report - Survey). SDV352201.

Stamping Mill Number 6 at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine is probably one of the earliest at the mine. All the stamping mills have a level stance cut into the slope and return walls on one or both ends. The rectangular open-ended wheelpits are sited at right angles to the revetment and the wheelpit at this mill is placed centrally. Upslope of the wheelpits are raised embankments which would have supported wooden launders at the correct heightto bring water to the top of the overshot wheels. At Stamping Mill Number 6 the absence of a visible tailrace channel suggests it was sited below ground and covered.The stamping area consists of a stone revetted level platform raised above the dressing floor onto which the Cornish type stamps would fall onto the ore, contained within a timber coffer.. The settling pits are alll sited approximately 1 metre from the stamps area beside the wheelpit and are lined with flat granite slabs. Some of the dressing floors have additional rectangular pits or 'buddles' as at this mill where the buddles are lined with dressed granite slabs. Below the main dressing floor are a range of secondary buddles and tailings pits to further refine the the tin. The water-borne tin concentrate was transported between processes via a system of wooden launders, channels and underground conduits.


Whitbourne, A., 2001, Visit to Eylesbarrow Mine, 2-3 (Article in Serial). SDV231129.


National Monument Record, 2013, 1318967 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV352493.

A waterpowered stamping mill and associated dressing floor to Eylesbarrow Tin Mine. The mill was one of six which served the mine and were in use between 1814-52. A archaeological field survey by English Heritage in 1999 found it to be a double stamping mill with batteries of stamps on both sides of the wheel. The wheelpit is placed centrally within the dressing floor and has internal dimensions of 8.5 metres by approximately 1 metre wide. A stone clad leat embankment, 12 metres by 4.5 metres, is situated 18 metres to the west and sits at right angles to the dried up leat channel which diverted water from further up the Drizzlecombe Valley. On either side of the wheelpit are the remains of the stamps areas, and two well preserved sunken sluice boxes of 3 metres long and up to 1.5 metres wide, with stone linings and visible sluice openings. Several rectangular buddles also survive comprising roughly rectangular earthwork hollows. A second dressing area is situated to the south of the main area and contains two earthwork buddles. To the south of the dressing floor are two rectangular structures probably representing the remains of 'reck' or 'rack' houses.


National Monuments Record, 2013, 438809, SX56NE 108 (Website). SDV231126.

One of the six Stamping Mills at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine.


English Heritage, 2013, Eylesbarrow Tin Mine and associated remains (Schedule Document). SDV231131.

Eylesbarrow Tin Mine contains a broad range of different forms of evidence relating to prospecting, exploitation and processing of both tin deposits and lodes. In particular, the 19th century mining remains represent an important source of information concerning the character of a large scale water powered tin mine, where all the original elements survive in an excellent condition. The survival of so many stamping mills together with a smelting house and full range of mining remains and associated buildings is indeed unique in the South West of England. The monument includes the core part of Eylesbarrow Tin Mine six separate stamping mills and a smelting house was constructed to smelt the processed tin from the stamping mills. The size of the operation is further emphasised by the large number of ancillary buildings constructed to serve the mine. Amongst these are a count house, dormitory accommodation, blacksmith's shop, powder houses, sample house and various storage buildings.


Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Some of the outline of the stamping mill shown on modern mapping. Map object largely based on this source.


Greeves, T., July 1979, Devon Studies Week. Notes for Afternoon Excursion, Thursday, July 12th 1979 (Un-published). SDV230997.

Site visited on 12th July 1979. Constructed about 1820. One of a series of tin stamping mills. Served by a leat.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV230997Un-published: Greeves, T.. July 1979. Devon Studies Week. Notes for Afternoon Excursion, Thursday, July 12th 1979. Digital.
SDV231126Website: National Monuments Record. 2013. 438809. National Monuments Record Database. Website. SX56NE 108.
SDV231127Article in Serial: Cook, R. M. L.. 1974. Eylesbarrow (1814- 1852): A Study of a Dartmoor Tin Mine. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 106. Paperback Volume. 184-193, Figures 1-4.
SDV231129Article in Serial: Whitbourne, A.. 2001. Visit to Eylesbarrow Mine. Dartmoor Tin Working Research Group Newsletter. 22. Unknown. 2-3.
SDV231130Article in Serial: Newman, P.. 1999. Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 57. Paperback Volume. 105-148.
SDV231131Schedule Document: English Heritage. 2013. Eylesbarrow Tin Mine and associated remains. The Schedule of Monuments. Website.
SDV305931Report - non-specific: Bodman, M.. 1998. Water-Powered Sites in Devon. A4 Spiral Bound. 23/29.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV346020Article in Serial: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1997. Tin Stamping Mills of Dartmoor after AD 1750. Dartmoor Magazine. 49. Paperback Volume. 6-8.
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV352201Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 1999. Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine. English Heritage Survey Report. A4 Spiral Bound. 25-30, Figures 2, 12-13.
SDV352493National Monuments Record Database: National Monument Record. 2013. 1318967. National Monuments Record Database. Website.

Associated Monuments

MDV66435Parent of: Settling Tank south of Stamping Mill 6 at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV3330Part of: Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV66431Related to: Dressing Floor at Stamping Mill 6 at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV3332Related to: Leat 1 at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV64713Related to: Leat Serving the Southern part of Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV25086Related to: Longstone Leat, Sheepstor (Monument)
MDV66432Related to: Reck House at Stamping Mill Number 6 at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Building)
MDV66433Related to: Reck House at Stamping Mill Number 6 at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Building)
MDV66442Related to: Several Sections of Leat at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV4010Related to: Smelting House at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV5164Related to: Stamping Mill at Wheal Katherine Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV3578Related to: Stamping Mill Number 1 at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV3579Related to: Stamping Mill Number 2 at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV3580Related to: Stamping Mill Number 3 at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV3581Related to: Stamping Mill Number 4 at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV3327Related to: Stamping Mill Number 5 at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV66430Related to: Wheelpit at Stamping Mill 6 at Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4966 - Survey of Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor
  • EDV6239 - Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine
  • EDV7443 - Condition survey of archaeological sites in Ringmoor Training Area
  • EDV7569 - Condition survey of Ringmoor Down training area

Date Last Edited:Jun 2 2015 11:09AM