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HER Number:MDV3692
Name:Hut circle settlement 1180 metres south of North Hessary Tor

Summary

Group of stone hut circles, four with post-medieval shelters built into them and a field boundary forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement. The stone hut circles are composed of stone and earth banks surrounding an internal area. A fragmentary field system lies south-west of the monument, but full extent has not been established.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 576 730
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 57 SE 26
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/1
  • Old SAM County Ref: 935
  • Old SAM Ref: 22324
  • Pastscape: 440098

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • UNENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 02/07/1964, F62/58/6399, 40 (Aerial Photograph). SDV272301.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX57SE26 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV225907.

(24/8/1950) A group of nine hut circles (see related records for detail).


Ancient Monuments, 1973, Ancient Monuments description (Report - Survey). SDV225900.

(25/4/1973) Situated just south of the Great Western Railway Princetown, (extinct) railway line, three tiny hut circles dispersed amongst five much larger examples. No enclosing wall for the group is visible. Under moorland grass.


National Monument Record, 1976, NMR SX5773/1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV225980.


Quinnell, N. V., 1980, Survey drawing (Plan - measured). SDV225909.

An undated survey drawing by the Ordnance Survey shows eleven huts and a wall - which may be a reave (thought to be related to the survey undertaken 25/02/1980 by Quinnell).


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Nine hut circles are visible on the aerial photographs and have been recorded on the map overlay.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset. (Report - Survey). SDV277946.


Ancient Monuments, 1992, Ancient Monument Description (Report - Survey). SDV225905.

(8/10/1992) Nine hut circles, four post-medieval shelters and a field boundary forming part of an unenclosed settlement. See related records.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 21-22, Map 44.3 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Twelve hut circles lie in an exposed position just below the Princetown Railway track. Partially explored by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee they had previously been much pulled about by stone cutters. The larger buildings are from 5.2 to 7 metres; another hut has a 2.0 metre annexe and the smallest building lies just 8.0 metres from a major reave.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Most of the huts are clearly visible on the aerial photography, except for some of the more ephemeral examples to the south of the group.


Historic England, 2018, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV360653.

This monument includes nine stone hut circles, four post-medieval shelters and a field boundary forming part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement lying on the lower south-facing slope of North Hessary Tor, overlooking the valley of the River Meavy.
The stone hut circles are composed of stone and earth banks surrounding an internal area. Of the nine hut circles, one is oval in plan, another is triangular and the remainder are circular. The internal diameter of the circular buildings vary from 3.1m to 8m, with the average being 5.5m. The height of all the walls varies between 0.4m and 1.1m, with the average being 0.71m. One hut has an annex, seven have visible doorways, five have later structures built within them and one is attached to a boundary wall. This wall measures 36m long, 2.5m wide and 0.3m high.
Three small stone-built shelters lie within earlier stone hut circles, and a further two are attached to the outer face. These structures are probably post-medieval temporary shelters constructed during military training or tinworking in the neighbourhood.
A fragmentary field system lies south west of the monument but this is not included because, with the exception of the short length of boundary bank lying within the settlement, not enough of the fields are visible to establish their character and extent.


National Monument Record, 2018, Pastscape (Website). SDV360651.

An open settlement of eleven hut circles, situated on a slight south slope in moorland with evidence of an associated field system but within a short distance of an extensive reave.
Five huts (B, D, H, J, L; see plan) are Type 1 with rubble walling from 0.9 metres to 1.3 metres thick and from 0.3 metres to 1.0 metre high. The internal diameters range from 2.3 metres to 3.3 metres and in four huts there are entrances to the south or south-west. Of the other huts three (A, F and G) have double walling and three (C, E and K) have single walling or are a mixture of both.
Those with double-facing have walls averaging 1.5 metres thick and 0.5 metres high. Hut 'K' has rubble with inner facing slabs up to 0.9 metres high, and 'G' incorporates massive blocks up to 1.0 metres high. The internal diameters are from 5.3 metres to 7.0 metres and three have entrance gaps to the south or south-west. Each hut has a levelled interior with a circular sub-compartment attached to part of the inner face. The internal diameters of these varies between 2.8 metres and 3.4 metres, though hut 'A' has an additional external circle on the north-west wall which is merely 1.4 metres in diameter. The walling is of rubble, from 0.6 metres to 1.0 metres thick and usually 0.3 metres high. No entrances are now visible.
These six might be interpreted as enclosed huts but in all cases the interspace is of limited area and they appear to be a variation of the diametrically subdivided huts which occur 1500m. to the north-west (SX 57 SE 16). See ground photographs of huts F and G.
Surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD and at 1:2500 for AO records. (citing Quinnell, N. V., 25/02/80, Field Investigators Comments).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
An unenclosed settlement of twelve damaged structures, mostly hut circles, lies in close-cropped moorland pasture. Four of the huts are large with substantial double-faced walls of boulders and slabs each with an entrance on the southern side. Three of these huts have apparent internal subdivisions. Six of the other structures are clearly smaller, robbed huts whilst the function of the other two is not clear.
Surveyed at 1:2500 scale (unattributed and undated, but appears to be Royal Commission survey data.)

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 21-22, Map 44.3.
SDV225900Report - Survey: Ancient Monuments. 1973. Ancient Monuments description.
SDV225905Report - Survey: Ancient Monuments. 1992. Ancient Monument Description.
SDV225907Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX57SE26. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV225909Plan - measured: Quinnell, N. V.. 1980. Survey drawing. Ordnance Survey 1:1250.
SDV225980Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1976. NMR SX5773/1. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown.
SDV272301Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 02/07/1964. F62/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 40.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #89233 ]
SDV360651Website: National Monument Record. 2018. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website.
SDV360653National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2018. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV3693Parent of: Hut A in settlement 1180 metres south of North Hessary Tor (Monument)
MDV3694Parent of: Hut B in settlement 1180 metres south of North Hessary Tor (Monument)
MDV3695Parent of: Hut C in settlement 1180 metres south of North Hessary Tor (Monument)
MDV3696Parent of: Hut D in settlement 1180 metres south of North Hessary Tor (Monument)
MDV3697Parent of: Hut E in settlement 1180 metres south of North Hessary Tor (Monument)
MDV3698Parent of: Hut F in settlement 1180 metres south of North Hessary Tor (Monument)
MDV3699Parent of: Hut G in settlement 1180 metres south of North Hessary Tor (Monument)
MDV3700Parent of: Hut H in settlement 1180 metres south of North Hessary Tor (Monument)
MDV3701Parent of: Hut I in settlement 1180 metres south of North Hessary Tor (Monument)
MDV49784Parent of: Hut in settlement 1180 metres south of North Hessary Tor (Monument)
MDV49787Parent of: Hut J in settlement 1180 metres south of North Hessary Tor (Monument)
MDV49785Parent of: Small hut L in settlement 1180 metres south of North Hessary Tor (Monument)
MDV50224Related to: Bank at edge of settlement south of North Hessary Tor (Monument)
MDV49783Related to: Hut in settlement 1180 metres south of North Hessary Tor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Dec 4 2018 3:56PM