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HER Number:MDV3711
Name:Enclosure 580 metres south of Leeden Tor

Summary

Circular enclosure measuring around 62 metres east-west and 65 metres north-south, with walls of rubble and boulders averaging 1.2 metres wide and 0.6 metres high, with entrances to the south and east. This (upper) enclosure is part of a fine unenclosed Bronze Age settlement that is generally well defined if heavily disturbed. It has one impressive internal hut circle, and seven huts of varying sizes outside its wall, one linked to the enclosure by a wall. Four more arranged in a row lie to the south-west. A rectangular structure butted against the external wall was probably a shelter, perhaps for quarrymen.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 561 711
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 57 SE 43
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/4/1
  • Old SAM County Ref: 828
  • Old SAM Ref: 22263
  • Pastscape: 440151

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX57SE43, Enclosure (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV272991.

SX5619 7112. Visited 24/8/1950 Enclosure D. Nearly circular average height of wall 0.5 metres. In midst of complex area covered with masses of granite boulders. The course is just visible and consists of a low bank of granite boulders. Much spoiled to the north and in one place is completely dug away. Condition generally poor, much overgrown.


Ancient Monuments, 1971, Enclosed stone hut circle settlement 700m south of Leeden Tor (Schedule Document). SDV272969.

Two pounds and a group of 16 hut circles. The northern pound is 54.9 metres in diameter consisting of a low dry stone wall, now largely grass covered. There is one large hut circle, 10.97 metres near the centre of the pound.
The southern pound is less well preserved but is slightly larger, the hut circles outside the pounds appear to have been laid out in rows. They vary in diameter, 4.5 - 9.0 metres. Several are well preserved and have entrances to the south-east.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX57SE43 (Report - Survey). SDV272972.

Centred at SX 56177107 on a south-west hill slope around 358m. OD is a partly enclosed settlement of 1.8 hectares. There are several quarry pits in the clitter around the northern part of the settlement, but the overall condition is good.
The sub-circular northern enclosure measures approximately 65 metres in diameter, with one large internal hut, and is typical of a homestead. The enclosure walling of rubble and boulders averages 1.2 metres wide and 0.6 metres high, with entrances to the south and east. There is a small circular structure, 28 metres in diameter internally, in the walling to the north-west. On the south-east are the probable remains of another enclosure, of similar construction linking a hut to the homestead. Nearby is a modern "horseshoe" shaped pile of boulders. (See plan).
The three higher and northernmost huts of the settlement are of Type 1 (SX 56 SE 19) and in poor condition. They have similar internal diameters, around 3.3 metres with walling 1.0 metres thick and 0.3 metres high; only one entrance is visible and that to the south-west. The huts are linked by rubble walling 1.1 metres wide and 0.3 metres high.
The fourteen remaining huts are of Type 2 (SX 56 NE 71) with level interiors and diameters from 3.2 metres to 10.2 metres. Their walling averaged 1.2 metres wide and 0.6 metres high with entrances to the south-east.
No associated field system is visible in the area. Surveyed at 1:10 000 and 1:2500, for AO Records.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Four hut circles are attached to the enclosure, with one inside.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset. (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Visited in 1992. Circular enclosure. Internal diameter 65 metres. Rubble wall 1.2 metres wide, 0.6 metres high. Contains a hut circle. Two boundary walls lead a short distance from the south-east side.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 36 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Four independent groups of hut circles and enclosures are spread around the hillside south of Leeden Tor where the converging East and West Walkhampton Common boundary reaves begin to separate again. At the narrowest point between the reaves are two enclosures and their associated huts, well built structures with massive walls, quite different from the feeble banks and circles of the other groups. This part of the hill has been quarried on a small scale, probably soon after 1812 when the road was turnpiked.
The upper enclosure or pound retains its massive wall around the lower half only, the upper part cut by quarrymans trenches. A well preserved building near its centre its walls 1.0 metre high opens downhill. The most important building - 9.0 metres in diameter - is attached to the east side of the pound by a short wall while uphill there is another good building 7.6 metres in diameter with an interior wall.
A fine group of free-standing huts lies to the south-west - from 4.5 metres to 6.9 metres in diameter - perhaps was once enclosed by a continuation of the bank laid out alongside. Also partly enclosed are the three small circles within the clitter on the north side of the settlement.


Fletcher, M. J., 2007, English Heritage Field Investigation, 11/05/2007 (Report - Survey). SDV362913.

This very fine unenclosed Bronze Age settlement occupies what is probably a unique position between two major boundary reaves; it is generally well defined if heavily disturbed. It lies in a shallow declivity which is overrun by bracken with some stands of gorse.
The upper enclosure is well defined with an impressive internal hut circle. A rectangular structure butted against the external wall was probably a shelter, perhaps for quarrymen. Two small huts lie to the west and two large huts lie to the east, one linked to the enclosure by a wall. The three very small huts are located in dense clitter to the north. The four impressive huts to the west have south-east facing doorways with upright slab posts. Investigated and surveyed at 1:2500 scale.


Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 09/04/2019. The western entrance of the enclosure has obvious animal (or maybe offroad vehicle ) tracks but is otherwise in good condition. Photo taken showing this damage


Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 09/04/2019. Photo taken


Ordnance Survey, 2019, MasterMap 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362729.

Depicted on the modern mapping, which matches the 2015 aerial photography for this area quite well, so is assumed to be fairly accurate.


Historic England, 2019, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV362730.

See designation record for detail.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 36.
SDV272969Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1971. Enclosed stone hut circle settlement 700m south of Leeden Tor. The Schedule of Monuments.
SDV272972Report - Survey: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX57SE43. Ordnance Survey. Unknown.
SDV272991Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX57SE43. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. Enclosure.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV362729Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2019. MasterMap 2019. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #116891 ]
SDV362730National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2019. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV3702Related to: Enclosed stone hut circle settlement 700 metres south of Leeden Tor (Monument)
MDV3709Related to: Hut circle east of enclosure 580 metres south of Leeden Tor (Monument)
MDV3710Related to: Hut circle inside enclosure 580 metres south of Leeden Tor (Monument)
MDV3714Related to: Hut circle near enclosures south of Leedon Tor (Monument)
MDV3715Related to: Hut circle near enclosures south of Leedon Tor (Monument)
MDV3712Related to: Hut circle south of enclosure 580 metres south of Leeden Tor (Monument)
MDV3713Related to: Hut circle west of enclosure 580 metres south of Leeden Tor (Monument)
MDV3708Related to: Large hut circle east of enclosure 580 metres south of Leeden Tor (Monument)
MDV28218Related to: Openwork near Settlement south of Leeden Tor (Monument)
MDV49701Related to: Quarry 580 metres south of Leaden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV48312Related to: Shelter in settlement south of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Building)
MDV48316Related to: Small hut circle on the edge of small enclosure south of Leeden Tor (Monument)
MDV48313Related to: Small hut circle south of small enclosure south of Leeden Tor (Monument)
MDV48315Related to: Small hut circle within small enclosure south of Leeden Tor (Monument)
MDV48317Related to: Small irregular enclosure south of Leeden Tor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jul 3 2019 2:21PM