HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV3718
Name:Hut circle settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton

Summary

Large hut circle Settlement 'C' (Butler) of at least 25 hut circles and enclosures on the south-east slope of Leedon Tor

Location

Grid Reference:SX 564 710
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX57SE92
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/7
  • Old SAM Ref: 22265
  • Pastscape: 440288

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 02/07/1964, F61 58 6399, 44-45 (Aerial Photograph). SDV262020.

Photograph taken on 2nd July 1964.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Some hut circles and enclosures shown on 19th century map.

National Monument Record, 1976, SX5671 (Aerial Photograph). SDV268537.

Photograph taken on 8th April 1976.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Two enclosures, both of them agglomerated, together with substantial lengths of wall. Five freestanding hut circles are visible together with two hut circles attached to each other. A further twenty hut circles are visible attached to enclosure walls.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset. (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Situated within an irregular aggregate field system. Part of unenclosed settlement.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 36-37, Map 45, Figure 45.1 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Settlement 'C' at Leeden Tor south is sited on stony ground with the irregularly shaped enclosures little more than clearings within the clitter, with unwanted stone piled into low banks linking many of the 22 small huts together.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Much of the settlement visible on aerial photograph.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 440288, SX57SE92 (Website). SDV363416.

Site visited on 25th August 1950. At SX56457105 a group of 12 hut circles and the site of another seven of these are shown on the Ordnance Survey 6 inch map plus the site of one more. The group of six hut circles to the east are incoparated and embraced by a 'pound' or 'enclosure' of very irregular pattern.
Field Investigation on 4th August 1980. Centred at SX 56437103 is a settlement of twenty-five huts covering 3
.1 hectares of a south and ast hillslope at about 361 metres OD. The area is broken up by erosion runnels, quantities of surface clitter which thins out towards the south and east, small surface quarries and military slit trenches. The huts are mostly of Type 1 with levelled interiors with diameters from 2.0 metres to 5.2 metres with walls 1.0 metres wide by 0.5 metres high. Some huts are in open ground but the majority are linked by irregular low rubble walls averaging 1.0 metres wide by 0.3 metres high. This walling forms plots of varied plan and size and in some instances walling continues through the clitter. There seems to have been no attempt at clearance. The settlement appears to be later than the Walkhampton Common Reave which forms the north-west boundary. The south-east extremity of the settlement has been destroyed by a modern road, beyond which there are no identifiable remains.
Field Investigation on 11th May 2007.

This very ragged settlement lies on a rounded hillslope amidst dense clitter in places. The small huts and fragmentary walling are becoming increasingly difficult to trace in deep moorland grass, gorse and bracken vegetation. The enclosure on the north-east is however well defined. The 'military hut' is being remodelled by visitors into a circular structure.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

Settlement shown on modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 36-37, Map 45, Figure 45.1.
SDV262020Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 02/07/1964. F61 58 6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 44-45.
SDV268537Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1976. SX5671. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 440288, SX57SE92.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV3720Parent of: Enclosure at Leeden Tor prehistoric settlement, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3727Parent of: Enclosure within prehistoric settlement at Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV125534Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor (Monument)
MDV125533Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV125959Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV130331Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3719Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3721Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3722Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3723Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3724Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3725Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3728Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3729Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3731Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3732Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3733Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV48318Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV48319Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV48322Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV48324Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV48325Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV49681Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3730Parent of: Hut circle in settlement on the south-west slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV125960Parent of: Possible hut circle in settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV28216Related to: Area of quarrying to the east of the settlement on the south-east slope of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV48327Related to: Quarry south-west of settlement to the south-east of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8351 - Walkhampton Premier Archaeological Landscape; Field Investigation Project

Date Last Edited:Mar 28 2021 11:53AM