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HER Number:MDV37263
Name:Hill farmhouse, Ilsington

Summary

Hill Farmhouse, including former linhay about 10 metres south-east of the farmhouse. 16th century, or possibly earlier, enlarged in the 17th century; later additions at rear. The house and its farm buildings have high visual quality when seen from the old A38.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 809 738
Map Sheet:SX87SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishIlsington
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishILSINGTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX87SW/169
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FARMHOUSE (Built, XV to XVI - 1500 AD to 1599 AD (Between))

Full description

Department of Environment, 1986, Ilsington, 51 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV282617.

Hill Farmhouse, including former linhay about 10 metres south-east of the farmhouse. 16th century, or possibly earlier, enlarged in the 17th century; later additions at rear. Solid roughcast walls, except for left-hand (former stable) section in which the front and gable walls are of exposed devonian limestone. The rear wall of this section and much of the rear wall of the middle section are of cob; it may be that the whole front wall was rebuilt in stone in the 19th century. Roof thatched, except for the former stable which is covered with corrugated iron and hipped at left hand end. In right hand gable a large, projecting 17th century rendered chimneystack with projecting slate-course just below the top, forming a cap. A second stack to rear wall.
Three room and through passage plan, modified in 19th century. Two storeys. Four window front to 19th century house with one window in former stable. The former stable section to left has the original doorway at right hand end. This has a plank door with strap hinges, the upper half opening separately; 20th century thatched wood porch. In rear wall, concealed by roof of lean-to is a two light wood mullioned window of the late 16th century or early 17th century; this has flat-splay mullions and appears not to have been designed for glazing.
The interior retains much of its 19th century character, with irregular wall and ceiling plaster. Former kitchen has large gable fireplace with chamfered wood lintel having scroll-stops; oven at back with rectangular stone surround to opening. Former stable retains wooden trough and hayracks along rear wall, these being hidden behind a 20th century partition. Roof structural features including four side-pegged jointed-cruck trusses with threaded purlins and ridge; cambered collars. See List for full details.


Ordnance Survey, 2018, MasterMap 2018 (Cartographic). SDV360652.

Depicted on the modern mapping.


Historic England, 2018, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV360653.

ILSINGTON SX 87 SW 8/84 Hill Farmhouse, including former - linhay about 10 metres south-east of the farmhouse - II
Farmhouse. C16, or possibly earlier, enlarged C17; later additions at rear. Solid roughcast walls, except for left-hand (former stable) section in which the front and gable walls are of exposed Devonian limestone. The rear wall of this section and much of the rear wall of the middle section are of cob; it may be that the whole front wall was rebuilt in stone in C19. Roof thatched, except for the former stable which is covered with corrugated iron and hipped at left-hand end. In right-hand gable a large, projecting C17 rendered chimneystack with projecting slate-course just below the top, forming a cap. A second stack in rear wall (heating former hall); this has C19 shafts above roof level.
3-room and through-passage plan, modified in C19. Hall in centre has fireplace in rear wall. Former kitchen is at upper end (an unusual arrangement which seems to result from a rebuilding or addition of C17; straight joint in rear wall and change in roof structure). At lower end is the former stable, which never seems to have been heated and could well have been a shippon; if so, then this was a longhouse, since the stable shares an early roof with the house and though the 2 sections are separated by a stone wall in the ground storey, the division on the upper floor and in the roof-space is only a lath and plaster partition. In C19 a new entrance, with passage leading to staircase at rear, was inserted between hall and kitchen, apparently reducing the original entrance to the status of a stable door. Behind the house and stable is a line of lean-tos of uncertain date; that behind the stable was a dairy. 2 storeys. 4-window front to C19 house with 1 window in former stable. House windows are C19 2-light wood casements with 3 panes per light, except for the left-hand ground storey window which is C20, having been converted from a former doorway. In second bay from right is the C19 doorway, the door with 2 flush panels below and an inserted C20 glazed panel above; thatched brick porch with wooden seats internally at either side. The former stable section to left has the original doorway at right-hand end. This has a plank door with strap hinges, the upper half opening separately; C20 thatched wood porch. To left of it are 2 C20 windows and in second storey is another C20 window with glazing bars, probably replacing an old loft door. In right hand gable, in second storey, is a 2-light wood-mullioned window of late C18 or early C19, this retaining square leaded panes tied to upright bars in the centre of each light. In rear wall, concealed by roof of lean-to is a 2-light wood mullioned window of the late C16 or early C17; this has flat-splay mullions and appears not to have been designed for glazing.
Interior retains much of its C19 character, with irregular wall and ceiling plaster. Former hall has ovolo-moulded upper floor-beam and a similar half-beam against the wall with through-passage; one raised run-out stop is visible. Fireplace rebuilt in C20. Former kitchen has large gable fireplace with chamfered wood lintel having scroll-stops; oven at back with rectangular stone surround to opening. Former stable retains wooden trough and hayracks along rear wall, these being hidden behind a C20 partition. Dairy has good plank door with wooden lock.
Roof structure retains 4 side-pegged jointed-cruck trusses with threaded purlins and ridge; cambered collars. In the C19 house end, which contains 2 of the trusses, the lower parts of the front blades have been cut off, and 1 truss has lost its collar. These 2 trusses, together with the purlins, ridge and common rafters, are darkened, as if by smoke from an open hearth; the underside of the thatch is not blackened. Over the former stable the trusses are perfectly clean, and it seems likely that this end of the building was always divided from the rest by a full height partition. At the upper end the purlins and ridge have been sawn off level with the partition between former kitchen and staircase; the principal rafters beyond this point have plain feet, but the upper parts are not accessible. Immediately opposite the house, and included in the listing, is a former linhay, its rear wall of cob and its front wall infilled with brick. The roof trusses have struts pegged to the feet of the principal rafters at the front. The principal rafters are themselves re-used, having slots for the shaped ends of halved collars just below the ridge.
The house and its farm buildings have high visual quality when seen from the old A38.
Listing NGR: SX8093573898

Sources / Further Reading

SDV282617List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1986. Ilsington. Historic Houses Register. Unknown. 51.
SDV360652Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2018. MasterMap 2018. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #89421 ]
SDV360653National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2018. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV76944Part of: Hill farm, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV37264Related to: Linhay at Hill Farm, Ilsington (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:May 11 2018 9:30AM