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HER Number:MDV37331
Name:Canal Incline Cottage, Gulworthy

Summary

Early 19th century cottage built to house the Tavistock Canal Incline Keeper. Constructed by 1815-16, the building originally had a workshop on the ground floor, with two small flats above. There are two major building phases. The existing cottage has superficial 20th century repairs and modernisation, but is essentially the result of extensive refurbishment circa 1900 of a circa 1817 building.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 444 700
Map Sheet:SX47SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishGulworthy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX47SW/552
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CANAL WORKERS COTTAGE (Built, XIX - 1815 AD to 1816 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Canal Incline Cottage is shown on the 19th century map as a small rectangular builing with a large rectangular building adjoining to the west and several small buildings to the north and east. A 'Crane' is shown to the south east on the south side of the Tavistock Canal.


Booker, F., 1970, The Story of Morwellham (Monograph). SDV323432.


Department of Environment, 1987, Gulworthy, 110b (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV220874.

Canal farmhouse. Incline keeper's cottage, now farmhouse. Circa 1850 with some later alterations. Rubble, whitewashed, slate-hung above ground floor to front and left side. Slate roof with large gable end stack with shaped cap to left, gable end stack to right. Double depth plan with central entrance; secondary entrance of 20th century into room to front left.2 storeys and 3 windows, at first floor all 16-pane sashes with horns, ground floor has 20th century door to left and 20th century 2-light casement to right of central door with cover strips and glazed panel. Right side has 20th century 2-light casement at ground floor right, 3-pane and 4-pane attic lights. Left side has similar casement to ground floor right and similar attic lights. Interior not inspected.


Cox, J. + Thorp, J. R. L., 1992, Canal Cottage, Morwellham (Report - Survey). SDV336711.

The cottage displays two major building phases. The existing cottage has superficial 20th century repairs and modernisation, but is essentially the result of extensive refurbishment circa 1900 of a circa 1817 building. The original building was built with inclined plane, wheelpit and canal and seems to have included industrial usage on ground floor, with accommodation above. Part may have acted as an inn. It was converted to a farmhouse after the canal and inclined plane became disused. Most of the present fittings and features of the ground floor are not original, but the first floor is largely original and its mirror plan rooms with separate attic stairs suggest occupation by two households. Detailed description in report of building survey.


Keystone Historic Buildings Consultants, 1992, Plans & Elevation (Plan - measured). SDV336792.


Dyer, M. J. + Manning, P. T., 1998, Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal, 40 (Report - non-specific). SDV319814.


Greeves, T., 2003, The Tavistock Canal: A Review, 14 (Report - non-specific). SDV356552.


Buck, C., 2005, Wheal Russell Mine, Devon: Archaeological Assessment, 47-8, Figs 7-8 (Report - Assessment). SDV336659.

The building (Site 62) had been constructed by 1817 to house the main person responsible for managing the canal water flows to various leats and to oversee the operation of the Canal Incline water wheel & mechanism. The house was in private ownership in 2005 and not surveyed. A crane (Site 62.1) is shown on the 19th century maps to the southeast at SX4444070060. The crane would transfer cargoes between the Tavistock Canal and the Canal Incline.


Cornwall Archaeological Unit, 2017, South Cornwall Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey Desk-Based Assessment, 1007 (Interpretation). SDV360825.

House built in the early 19th century to house the manager responsible for the Tavistock Canal incline. Noted by Buck (2005, 62) and recorded on the first and second edition 1:2500 Ordnance Survey maps.


Waterhouse, R., 2017, The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology, 330, 332, 409, fig 10.28, 11.42-11.44 (Monograph). SDV361789.

A small cottage, built in 1815-16, on the northern wharf was occupied by the operator of the winding engine of a double track inclined plane, which commenced on a broad platform at the same level as the wharf, to the west. The building initially included a workshop on the ground floor, with two small flats above.
Plan of the cottage included.


Ordnance Survey, 2018, MasterMap 2018 (Cartographic). SDV360652.

Rectangular cottage at the end of the Tavistock Canal.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV220874List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1987. Gulworthy. Historic Houses Register. Website. 110b.
SDV319814Report - non-specific: Dyer, M. J. + Manning, P. T.. 1998. Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal. Exeter Archaeology Report. 98.60. A4 Stapled + Digital. 40.
SDV323432Monograph: Booker, F.. 1970. The Story of Morwellham. The Story of Morwellham. Unknown.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336659Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 2005. Wheal Russell Mine, Devon: Archaeological Assessment. Cornwall County Council Report. 2006R0004. A4 Stapled + Digital. 47-8, Figs 7-8.
SDV336711Report - Survey: Cox, J. + Thorp, J. R. L.. 1992. Canal Cottage, Morwellham. Keystone Historic Buildings Consultants Report. K401. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV336792Plan - measured: Keystone Historic Buildings Consultants. 1992. Plans & Elevation. Unknown.
SDV356552Report - non-specific: Greeves, T.. 2003. The Tavistock Canal: A Review. Digital. 14.
SDV360652Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2018. MasterMap 2018. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #111205 ]
SDV360825Interpretation: Cornwall Archaeological Unit. 2017. South Cornwall Rapid Coastal Zone Assessment Survey Desk-Based Assessment. RCZAS. Digital. 1007.
SDV361789Monograph: Waterhouse, R.. 2017. The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology. The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology. Paperback Volume. 330, 332, 409, fig 10.28, 11.42-11.44.

Associated Monuments

MDV72844Related to: Devon Great Consols Railway, Inclined Plane (Monument)
MDV5435Related to: Morwellham Quay (Building)
MDV124814Related to: Morwellham Terminus Wharf (Monument)
MDV47973Related to: Tavistock Canal Incline, Stables (Monument)
MDV5449Related to: Tavistock Canal, Inclined Plane (Monument)
MDV3879Related to: Tavistock Canal, Western Section (Monument)
MDV72860Related to: Wheelpit at Tavistock Canal Incline, Gulworthy (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4040 - Wheal Russell Mine, Devon: Archaeological Assessment
  • EDV4098 - Canal Cottage, Morwellham

Date Last Edited:Jan 24 2019 9:46AM