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HER Number:MDV3740
Name:Enclosed settlement 400m west of Raddick Hill

Summary

Oval enclosure on west-facing slope of Raddick Hill, 100m long by 80m wide. Defined by a rubble wall, 2m wide, 0.6m high, except on the western downslope side where a lynchet standing up to 1m high denotes the boundary wall. Six stone hut circles lie within the enclosure; additionally two large hut circles lie to the north of the enclosure. The settlement survives well and forms part of a number of Bronze Age settlements on the western slopes of Raddick Hill. Enclosure is cut on its northern side by an overflow channel from the Devonport leat. The vegetation cover is mostly grass and reeds and no bracken however gorse vegetation is encroaching over the settlement from the south (2007 visit). The lower part of this feature is water-logged.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 575 710
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 57 SE 37
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/15
  • Old SAM County Ref: 932
  • Old SAM Ref: 22294
  • Pastscape: 440131

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Hut circles marked on Ordnance Survey 6 inch early 20th century (1906) historic map.

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 3439-40 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX57SE37 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV272848.

(08/06/1950) A group of hut circles (A-G), and an enclosure.
Enclosure measures approximately 80 by 100m and wall is composed of turf covered stones, average width 2m, 1m high.
Hut A - Diameter 7.5m, walls composed of turf covered stones (0.4m high), entrance to south-east.
Hut B - Diameter 6m, walls 0.3m high.
Hut C - Site of.
Hut D - Diameter 7m, walls 0.3m high, composed of turf covered stones, no entrance visible.
Huts E-F - Diameters 6m. Walls are composed of turf covered stones, possible entrances to south-east.
Hut G - Diameter 7m, wall is composed of large stones (approximately 0.4m high), no visible entrance.
Huts A and D are outside enclosure.

National Monument Record, 1976, NMR SX5771, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV277283.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX57SE37 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV272841.

(08/08/1977) A group of eight hut circles, six of which are enclosed, situated on a gentle west slope at 350m OD. The huts are of Type 2, with internal diameters of 5.0m and walls 1.5m thick and 0.6m high. Two unenclosed huts on the north are of similar dimensions; where visible all entrances are on the south-east. One hut on the north is incorporated and appears to pre-date the enclosure wall, a bank 2.0m wide and 0.5m high with four orthostats and no clear original entrance.
On the downhill, west side there is an outward-facing scarp 1.0m high, completely built-up with peat on the inner face. This build-up may be recent since an overflow from the Devonport Leat now runs through the site making much of the area marshy. Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD.

Hemery, E., 1983, High Dartmoor, 135 (Monograph). SDV249702.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

This appears to be an enclosure within an enclosure. Three hut circles lie outside the outer enclosure. One hut circle is built into its wall. Three hut circles are attached to the wall of the inner enclosure. Two hut circles lie between the outer and inner enclosures.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 130561, 15/05/1992 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Oval enclosure on west-facing slope of Raddick Hill. 100m long by 80m wide. Defined by a rubble wall, 2m wide, 0.6m high, except on the western downslope side where a lynchet standing up to 1m high denotes the boundary wall. Six stone hut circles lie within the enclosure.
Enclosed settlement survives well and forms part of a number of Bronze Age settlements on the western slopes of Raddick hill. The lower part of this feature is water-logged and probably contains important environmental deposits.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 55-57, Map 46.3 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Depicted and described by Butler.

Environment Agency WMS, 1998-2016, LiDAR DTM data JPEG image (1m resolution) (Cartographic). SDV360208.

Visible.

Fletcher, M. J., 2007, Field investigators comments (Report - Survey). SDV272849.

Six small Bronze Age hut circles lie within the ovoid enclosure situated on a fairly steep west-facing hillslope. Additionally two large hut circles lie to the north of the enclosure. Both are levelled into the slope and are 7m in diameter with boulder/stone walling up to 0.6m high; each has an entrance in the south-west side. The six huts range from 5.8m to 6.7 m in diameter with boulder-stone walls up to 0.5m high and entrances in their southern quadrants. Three are either attached or linked to the enclosure wall The enclosure has a strong wall 0.5m high and now spread to 2m wide; it is cut on its northern side by an overflow channel from the Devonport leat. The vegetation cover is mostly grass and reeds and no bracken however gorse vegetation is encroaching over the settlement from the south. Surveyed at 1:2500 scale.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, WLK-109 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 16/12/2019. Overall condition good. Gorse encroachment now extends over S half of enclosure. Photo X2 taken.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, WLK-109 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photo 1: View looking 220° showing tree growing on NW part of enclosure wall. Photo 2: View looking 060° showing gorse on SE part of enclosure wall.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 55-57, Map 46.3.
SDV249702Monograph: Hemery, E.. 1983. High Dartmoor. High Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 135.
SDV272841Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX57SE37. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV272848Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX57SE37. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV272849Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. J.. 2007. Field investigators comments. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. Unknown.
SDV277283Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1976. NMR SX5771. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 130561, 15/05/1992.
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3439-40.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV360208Cartographic: Environment Agency WMS. 1998-2016. LiDAR DTM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. [Mapped feature: #123093 ]
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-109.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-109.

Associated Monuments

MDV127001Parent of: Hut in settlement 400m west of Raddick Hill (Monument)
MDV49797Parent of: Hut in settlement 400m west of Raddick Hill (Monument)
MDV49798Parent of: Hut in settlement 400m west of Raddick Hill (Monument)
MDV49799Parent of: Hut in settlement 400m west of Raddick Hill (Monument)
MDV49800Parent of: Hut in settlement 400m west of Raddick Hill (Monument)
MDV49802Parent of: Hut in settlement 400m west of Raddick Hill (Monument)
MDV50174Parent of: Hut north of settlement 400m west of Raddick Hill (Monument)
MDV50225Parent of: Hut north of settlement 400m west of Raddick Hill (Monument)
MDV49801Parent of: Hut within settlement 400m west of Raddick Hill (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jan 4 2020 11:57AM