HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV3790
Name:Hut Settlement north of Stanlake

Summary

Bronze Age settlement of hut circles and enclosures. This large settlement probably started life as a small unenclosed group of houses to which enclosures and further houses were added over a period of time. There are at least 49 circular houses and these vary in diameter between 2m and 8.4m. Five houses are oval in shape and the largest of these measures 7m long and 6m wide. A possible ring cairn lies in the north-east part of the enclosed area. It survives as a 7m diameter, 1.7m wide circular bank with orthostats up to 0.5m high around the outside. This structure could also be a partly robbed kerbed round cairn or less likely a round house. A second cairn has also been identified.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 570 711
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX57SE55
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/41
  • Old SAM County Ref: 934
  • Old SAM Ref: 22288
  • Pastscape: 440189

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ormerod, G. W., 1864, On the Hut Circles on the Eastern Side of Dartmoor, 307 (Article in Serial). SDV304174.

Ormerod notes occurrence of hut circles near Stanlake.

Worth, R. H., 1943, The Prehistoric Pounds of Dartmoor, 294 (Article in Serial). SDV320337.

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 3439-40 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX57SE55 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV271997.

(08/06/1950) Huts of turf-covered stones, huts K and L with south-west entrances, no other entrances visible. 19 huts altogether.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX57SE55 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV271994.

A complex group of enclosures and associated hut circles is situated on a south-east facing slope above the river Meavy at about 310 - 320m OD. The whole group covers an area of approximately 1.5 hectares and comprises six or seven small enclosures and 23 hut circles.
The huts are mostly very ruinous; six of them can be described as Type 1, about twelve as Type 2, one probably Type 3 and the rest indeterminate. The average internal diameter of the huts is 5.5m, the largest being 8.0m and the smallest 3.0m. The thickness of the walls varies from 2.0m to 1.0m. Seven of them have visible entrances, all on the south. The probable Type 3 hut has an annexe on the south side, a possible clearance heap in the centre, and coarse walling of 2.0m thickness.
Most of the huts are associated with enclosures of circular and irregular plan, from 3.0m to 8.0m across, incorporating orthostatic walling. Some have been utilized in part by Medieval and later walls. Surveyed at 1:10000 on PFD.

Ordnance Survey, 1982, Survey plan of Stanlake prehistoric settlement (Plan - measured). SDV272000.

Ordnance Survey survey drawing at a scale of 1:500 (reduced in size), probably 1982.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

An agglomerated enclosure of at least ten major elements is visible containing 22 hut circles, 19 of which are attached to walls.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 130751-80 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(14/5/1992) 31 hut circles, one pound, a post-medieval building and field systems of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval periods. See related records.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 45 40 (Monograph). SDV137656.

The remains of a large and important settlement occupy the north bank of Stanlake. The extant part of the settlement takes up much of the area of the central newtakes, the massive construction of the walls here, rebuilt along some of the sections to form the present enclosures is probably the reason for their survival. Some 38 hut circles are mostly strung around the edge of the enclosures ; they vary in size from 2.8m to 7.4m in diameter - large and small commonly make adjoining pairs and several of the former are provided with prominent crosswalls.

Gerrard, S., 1997, Stanlake Prehistoric Settlement (Article in Serial). SDV345536.

Bronze Age settlement of hut circles and enclosures. This large settlement probably started life as a small unenclosed group of houses to which enclosures and further houses were added over a period of time. There are at least 49 circular houses and these vary in diameter between 2m and 8.4m. Five houses are oval in shape and the largest of these measures 7m long and 6m wide. A possible ring cairn lies in the north-east part of the enclosed area. It survives as a 7m diameter, 1.7m wide circular bank with orthostats up to 0.5m high around the outside. This structure could also be a partly robbed kerbed round cairn or less likely a round house. A second cairn has also been identified.

Gerrard, S., 1999, Meavy Valley Archaeology. Interim Report for 1997, 6 (Article in Serial). SDV225919.

Fletcher, M. J., 2007, Survey of the Stanlake Settlement (Report - Survey). SDV271993.

(12/12/2007) This impressive settlement has been overlaid by linear walls and enclosures is very well preserved. The stony hillside on which is is situated is submerged under dense bracken for a greater part of the year. Surveyed at 1:2500

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 45 40.
SDV225919Article in Serial: Gerrard, S.. 1999. Meavy Valley Archaeology. Interim Report for 1997. Meavy Valley Archaeology. A4 Stapled + Digital. 6. [Mapped feature: #22211 ]
SDV271993Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. J.. 2007. Survey of the Stanlake Settlement. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. Unknown.
SDV271994Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX57SE55. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV271997Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX57SE55. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV272000Plan - measured: Ordnance Survey. 1982. Survey plan of Stanlake prehistoric settlement. 1:500.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 130751-80.
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3439-40.
SDV304174Article in Serial: Ormerod, G. W.. 1864. On the Hut Circles on the Eastern Side of Dartmoor. Journal of the British Archaeological Association. 20. Unknown. 307.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320337Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1943. The Prehistoric Pounds of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 75. A5 Hardback. 294.
SDV345536Article in Serial: Gerrard, S.. 1997. Stanlake Prehistoric Settlement. Meavy Valley Archaeology Report. 1. Paperback Volume.

Associated Monuments

MDV50191Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50192Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50193Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50194Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50195Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50196Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50197Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50198Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50200Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50201Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50202Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50203Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50204Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50205Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50206Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50207Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50208Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50209Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50210Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50211Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50212Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50213Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50214Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50215Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50229Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50230Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50231Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50232Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50233Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50234Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV50235Parent of: Hut in settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV4993Related to: Enclosure with hut circles, north of settlement at Stanlake (Monument)
MDV12836Related to: Longhouse in hut circle settlement at Stanlake (Building)
MDV50237Related to: Medieval field system south-south-west of Black Tor (Monument)
MDV50238Related to: Post-Medieval field system south-south-west of Black Tor (Monument)
MDV50239Related to: Pound within field system at Stanlake settlement (Monument)
MDV50236Related to: Prehistoric field system south-south-west of Black Tor (Monument)
MDV50199Related to: Shelter in settlement south of Leeden Tor, Walkhampton (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7518 - Survey of the Stanlake Prehistoric Settlement
  • EDV8195 - Field Investigation Survey of the Stanlake settlement

Date Last Edited:Dec 3 2019 11:22AM